Location: PHPKode > scripts > X base > x_base.php
<?php
# x_base.php
# coded by uwe stein
#
# Copyright (C) 2010  Uwe Stein
#
# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
# any later version.
#
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.

# x_base provides the possibility to convert numbers to/from each base
# by default the base-range  is limited from 2 up to 36
# this limit may change if there is used a different set of alnum-digits 
# the max-value for base is the len of the string alnum_digit.


# using x_base may show funny results
# try the following decimal nummbers converted  into base 36
#     992128766
#     1952720019
#     676
#     10
#     765164

class x_base
{
  // class-members
  private $num;     // the (n_base) value
  private $base;    // the base
  private $dec_num; // the (decimal) value
  private $alnum_digit;   // the used set of digits
  private $max_base;   // the max possible base to convert
  

  // class functions
  public function __construct($num,$base=10)
  {
       $this->alnum_digit = "0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ";   // default use upper case letters 
       $this->num = $num;    //  the mumber encoded with base
       $this->base= $base;   //  the used base   
       $this->max_base = strlen( $this->alnum_digit );   
       $this->dec_num = $this->calc_dec($num); // dec_num always keeps the decimal-value of num
      


  }
  
  public function getNum()   { return $this->num;}        // returns the encoded value
  public function getDec()   { return $this->dec_num;}    // returns the decimal value
  public function getBase()  { return $this->base;}       // returns the used base
  public function getMaxBase() { return $this->max_base;} // returns the maximum-base
  public function toUpper() {$this->changeAlnumDigits("upper");} // use upper digits
  public function toLower() {$this->changeAlnumDigits("lower");} // use lower digits
  public function mixedDigits() {$this->changeAlnumDigits("mixed");} // use upper and lower digits 
                                                                     // take Care!  -> a and A represent
                                                                     // different values while using mixed Digits

  // returns the stored number converted to base $base
  // does the same as getNum but doesnt change (restores)base or number
  public function getConvNum($base)
  {
    $tmp_num = $this->num;
    $tmp_base = $this->base;
    // dbg var_dump($this);
    $this->setBase($base);
    // dbg var_dump($this);
    $ret = $this->num;
    $this->num = $tmp_num;
    $this->base = $tmp_base;
    return $ret;
  }
  // change the base encoded number
  // param: $value ; the used base
  // return: none
  public function setNum($value,$base=10)
  {
      $this->num  = $value;
      $this->base = $base;
      $this->dec_num = $this->calc_dec($value);
  }
  // changes the base and builds the new encoded number using the new base  
  public function setBase($base)
  {

      if ($base > strlen($this->alnum_digit) OR $base < 2 )
          die("<br><b>Invalid Base ".$value."     Allowed Range = 2 - ".strlen($this->alnum_digit)."</b>");

      if ($base != $this->base)
      {
          $this->base  = $base;
          $this->build_nBase_number();
      }
  }

  private function calc_dec($number)
  {

        // nothing to do if base == 10
        if ( $this->base == 10 )
                    return $number;
        $dec = 0;

        // walk through the num-string  (from right side)
        $t_num = strrev($number);
        for ($i = 0; $i < strlen($t_num); $i++)
        {
           // no check for allowed digits
           // the user has to keep an eye on valid digits
           // the position of the digit in $this->alnum_digit represents the decimal value first=1, scnd=1 ... 
           $val = strpos($this->alnum_digit,$t_num[$i]);
           $dec += $val * ( pow($this->base,$i));         
        }
        //$this->dec_num = $dec;
        return $dec;
  }
  


  private function build_nBase_number()
  {
    $num = $this->get_highest_numPart($this->dec_num,$this->base);
    //dbg("erster Aufruf von get_highest...",$num);
    $rest = $this->dec_num - $this->calc_dec($num);
    while ($rest)
    {
       // get the next numPart
       $n_num = $this->get_highest_numPart($rest,$this->base);
       //dbg("schleifenaufruf  von get_highest...",$n_num);
       // get the remaining rest
       $rest -= $this->calc_dec($n_num);

        // "add the $n_num-string to the $num-string
        // check the length of $n_num  to find the position
        // and add the first digit of $n_num
        $a = strlen($n_num);
        $b = strlen($num);
        $num[$b-$a]= $n_num[0];
    }
    // arrived here, all should be done

    // store the value
    $this->num = $num;
  }
  // find the highest valid left digit ( filled with "0" )
  private function  get_highest_numPart ($dec_num,$base)
  {
     if ($dec_num == 0)
        return "0";
     $dec = 0;
     $pos = 0;
     $last_num = "";
     do
     {
          $num = "";
          // walk through the digits ( start with 1 because "0" would be returned )
          for ($i =1; $i < $base; $i++)
          {
              // check the next digit
              $num = $this->alnum_digit[$i];
              // add digits if $num has 2 ore more  ( add "0" on right side )
              for ( $n=0; $n < $pos; $n++)
                   $num .= "0";
              // first get the decimal-value
              $dec = $this->calc_dec($num);
              // then check wether $num is smaller or equal to dec_num
              // equal? then return
              if ($dec == $dec_num)
                 return $num;
              // smaller?  then save the current num and continue
              if ($dec < $dec_num )
              {
                 $last_num = $num;
              }
              // hihger ? then return the last valid num
              if ($dec > $dec_num )
              {
                 return $last_num;
              }
              
          }
          // arrived here,  add 1 more digit ( add a "0" at right position )
          $pos++;
     } while ($dec < $dec_num);
  }
  private function changeAlnumDigits($uc)
  {
      switch ($uc)
      {
       case "upper" : $this->alnum_digit = "0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"; 
                      break;
       case "lower" : $this->alnum_digit = "0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz";     
                      break;
       case "mixed" : $this->alnum_digit = "01234567890123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz";     
                      break;
       default      : die ("Invalid Param ".$uc." in Function changeAlnumDigits");
      } 
      $this->max_base = strlen($this->alnum_digit);
      // rebuild the nBase_numer
      $this->build_nBase_number();
  }
}  // End of class
?>
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