Location: PHPKode > scripts > UTF8 > utf8/utf8.class.php
<?
/*
utf8 1.0
Copyright: Left
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Version:        1.0
Date:           23 November 2004
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Author:         Alexander Minkovsky (hide@address.com)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
License:        Choose the more appropriated for You - I don't care.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Description:
    Class provides functionality to convert single byte strings, such as CP1251
    ti UTF-8 multibyte format and vice versa.
    Class loads a concrete charset map, for example CP1251.
    (Refer to ftp://ftp.unicode.org/Public/MAPPINGS/ for map files)
    Directory containing MAP files is predefined as constant.
    Each charset is also predefined as constant pointing to the MAP file.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Example usage:
    Pass the desired charset in the class constructor:
    $utfConverter = new utf8(CP1251); //defaults to CP1250.
    or load the charset MAP using loadCharset method like this:
    $utfConverter->loadCharset(CP1252);
    Then call
    $res = $utfConverter->strToUtf8($str);
    or
    $res = $utfConverter->utf8ToStr($utf);
    to get the needed encoding.
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Note:
    Rewrite or Override the onError method if needed. It's the error handler used from everywhere and takes 2 parameters:
    err_code and err_text. By default it just prints out a message about the error.
*/

//Charset maps
define("MAP_DIR",".");
define("CP1250",MAP_DIR . "/CP1250.MAP");
define("CP1251",MAP_DIR . "/CP1251.MAP");
define("CP1252",MAP_DIR . "/CP1252.MAP");
define("CP1253",MAP_DIR . "/CP1253.MAP");
define("CP1254",MAP_DIR . "/CP1254.MAP");
define("CP1255",MAP_DIR . "/CP1255.MAP");
define("CP1256",MAP_DIR . "/CP1256.MAP");
define("CP1257",MAP_DIR . "/CP1257.MAP");
define("CP1258",MAP_DIR . "/CP1258.MAP");
define("CP874", MAP_DIR . "/CP874.MAP");
define("CP932", MAP_DIR . "/CP932.MAP");
define("CP936", MAP_DIR . "/CP936.MAP");
define("CP949", MAP_DIR . "/CP949.MAP");
define("CP950", MAP_DIR . "/CP950.MAP");

//Error constants
define("ERR_OPEN_MAP_FILE","ERR_OPEN_MAP_FILE");

//Class definition
Class utf8{

  var $charset = CP1250;
  var $ascMap = array();
  var $utfMap = array();

  //Constructor
  function utf8($charset=CP1250){
    $this->loadCharset($charset);
  }

  //Load charset
  function loadCharset($charset){
    $lines = @file_get_contents($charset)
        or exit($this->onError(ERR_OPEN_MAP_FILE,"Error openning file: " . $charset));
    $this->charset = $charset;
    $lines = preg_replace("/#.*$/m","",$lines);
    $lines = preg_replace("/\n\n/","",$lines);
    $lines = explode("\n",$lines);
    foreach($lines as $line){
      $parts = explode('0x',$line);
      if(count($parts)==3){
        $asc=hexdec(substr($parts[1],0,2));
        $utf=hexdec(substr($parts[2],0,4));
        $this->ascMap[$charset][$asc]=$utf;
      }
    }
    $this->utfMap = array_flip($this->ascMap[$charset]);
  }

  //Error handler
  function onError($err_code,$err_text){
    print($err_code . " : " . $err_text . "<hr>\n");
  }

  //Translate string ($str) to UTF-8 from given charset
  function strToUtf8($str){
    $chars = unpack('C*', $str);
    $cnt = count($chars);
    for($i=1;$i<=$cnt;$i++) $this->_charToUtf8($chars[$i]);
    return implode("",$chars);
  }

  //Translate UTF-8 string to single byte string in the given charset
  function utf8ToStr($utf){
    $chars = unpack('C*', $utf);
    $cnt = count($chars);
    $res = ""; //No simple way to do it in place... concatenate char by char
    for ($i=1;$i<=$cnt;$i++){
      $res .= $this->_utf8ToChar($chars, $i);
    }
    return $res;
  }

  //Char to UTF-8 sequence
  function _charToUtf8(&$char){
    $c = (int)$this->ascMap[$this->charset][$char];
    if ($c < 0x80){
      $char = chr($c);
    }
    else if($c<0x800) // 2 bytes
      $char = (chr(0xC0 | $c>>6) . chr(0x80 | $c & 0x3F));
    else if($c<0x10000) // 3 bytes
      $char = (chr(0xE0 | $c>>12) . chr(0x80 | $c>>6 & 0x3F) . chr(0x80 | $c & 0x3F));
    else if($c<0x200000) // 4 bytes
      $char = (chr(0xF0 | $c>>18) . chr(0x80 | $c>>12 & 0x3F) . chr(0x80 | $c>>6 & 0x3F) . chr(0x80 | $c & 0x3F));
  }

  //UTF-8 sequence to single byte character
  function _utf8ToChar(&$chars, &$idx){
    if(($chars[$idx] >= 240) && ($chars[$idx] <= 255)){ // 4 bytes
      $utf =    (intval($chars[$idx]-240)   << 18) +
                (intval($chars[++$idx]-128) << 12) +
                (intval($chars[++$idx]-128) << 6) +
                (intval($chars[++$idx]-128) << 0);
    }
    else if (($chars[$idx] >= 224) && ($chars[$idx] <= 239)){ // 3 bytes
      $utf =    (intval($chars[$idx]-224)   << 12) +
                (intval($chars[++$idx]-128) << 6) +
                (intval($chars[++$idx]-128) << 0);
    }
    else if (($chars[$idx] >= 192) && ($chars[$idx] <= 223)){ // 2 bytes
      $utf =    (intval($chars[$idx]-192)   << 6) +
                (intval($chars[++$idx]-128) << 0);
    }
    else{ // 1 byte
      $utf = $chars[$idx];
    }
    if(array_key_exists($utf,$this->utfMap))
      return chr($this->utfMap[$utf]);
    else
      return "?";
  }

}
?>
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