Location: PHPKode > scripts > Scuttle > scronide-scuttle-9ce0bb5/includes/utf8/utils/position.php
<?php
/**
* Locate a byte index given a UTF-8 character index
* @version $Id: position.php,v 1.1 2006/10/01 00:01:31 harryf Exp $
* @package utf8
* @subpackage position
*/

//--------------------------------------------------------------------
/**
* Given a string and a character index in the string, in
* terms of the UTF-8 character position, returns the byte
* index of that character. Can be useful when you want to
* PHP's native string functions but we warned, locating
* the byte can be expensive
* Takes variable number of parameters - first must be
* the search string then 1 to n UTF-8 character positions
* to obtain byte indexes for - it is more efficient to search
* the string for multiple characters at once, than make
* repeated calls to this function
*
* @author Chris Smith<hide@address.com>
* @param string string to locate index in
* @param int (n times)
* @return mixed - int if only one input int, array if more
* @return boolean TRUE if it's all ASCII
* @package utf8
* @subpackage position
*/
function utf8_byte_position() {
    
    $args = func_get_args();
    $str =& array_shift($args);
    if (!is_string($str)) return false;
    
    $result = array();
    
    // trivial byte index, character offset pair
    $prev = array(0,0);
    
    // use a short piece of str to estimate bytes per character
    // $i (& $j) -> byte indexes into $str
    $i = utf8_locate_next_chr($str, 300);
    
    // $c -> character offset into $str
    $c = strlen(utf8_decode(substr($str,0,$i)));
    
    // deal with arguments from lowest to highest
    sort($args);
    
    foreach ($args as $offset) {
        // sanity checks FIXME
        
        // 0 is an easy check
        if ($offset == 0) { $result[] = 0; continue; }
        
        // ensure no endless looping
        $safety_valve = 50;
        
        do {
            
            if ( ($c - $prev[1]) == 0 ) {
                // Hack: gone past end of string
                $error = 0;
                $i = strlen($str);
                break;
            }
            
            $j = $i + (int)(($offset-$c) * ($i - $prev[0]) / ($c - $prev[1]));
            
            // correct to utf8 character boundary
            $j = utf8_locate_next_chr($str, $j);
            
            // save the index, offset for use next iteration
            $prev = array($i,$c);
            
            if ($j > $i) {
                // determine new character offset
                $c += strlen(utf8_decode(substr($str,$i,$j-$i)));
            } else {
                // ditto
                $c -= strlen(utf8_decode(substr($str,$j,$i-$j)));
            }
            
            $error = abs($c-$offset);
            
            // ready for next time around
            $i = $j;
        
        // from 7 it is faster to iterate over the string
        } while ( ($error > 7) && --$safety_valve) ;
        
        if ($error && $error <= 7) {
            
            if ($c < $offset) {
                // move up
                while ($error--) { $i = utf8_locate_next_chr($str,++$i); }
            } else {
                // move down
                while ($error--) { $i = utf8_locate_current_chr($str,--$i); }
            }
            
            // ready for next arg
            $c = $offset;
        }
        $result[] = $i;
    }
    
    if ( count($result) == 1 ) {
        return $result[0];
    }
    
    return $result;
}

//--------------------------------------------------------------------
/**
* Given a string and any byte index, returns the byte index
* of the start of the current UTF-8 character, relative to supplied
* position. If the current character begins at the same place as the
* supplied byte index, that byte index will be returned. Otherwise
* this function will step backwards, looking for the index where
* curent UTF-8 character begins
* @author Chris Smith<hide@address.com>
* @param string
* @param int byte index in the string
* @return int byte index of start of next UTF-8 character
* @package utf8
* @subpackage position
*/
function utf8_locate_current_chr( &$str, $idx ) {
    
    if ($idx <= 0) return 0;
    
    $limit = strlen($str);
    if ($idx >= $limit) return $limit;
    
    // Binary value for any byte after the first in a multi-byte UTF-8 character
    // will be like 10xxxxxx so & 0xC0 can be used to detect this kind
    // of byte - assuming well formed UTF-8
    while ($idx && ((ord($str[$idx]) & 0xC0) == 0x80)) $idx--;
    
    return $idx;
}

//--------------------------------------------------------------------
/**
* Given a string and any byte index, returns the byte index
* of the start of the next UTF-8 character, relative to supplied
* position. If the next character begins at the same place as the
* supplied byte index, that byte index will be returned.
* @author Chris Smith<hide@address.com>
* @param string
* @param int byte index in the string
* @return int byte index of start of next UTF-8 character
* @package utf8
* @subpackage position
*/
function utf8_locate_next_chr( &$str, $idx ) {
    
    if ($idx <= 0) return 0;
    
    $limit = strlen($str);
    if ($idx >= $limit) return $limit;
    
    // Binary value for any byte after the first in a multi-byte UTF-8 character
    // will be like 10xxxxxx so & 0xC0 can be used to detect this kind
    // of byte - assuming well formed UTF-8
    while (($idx < $limit) && ((ord($str[$idx]) & 0xC0) == 0x80)) $idx++;
    
    return $idx;
}

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