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<b>See <a href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut">last updated version</a></b>

<CENTER>
<H1>Quick Start Guide to Pear DB</H1></CENTER>
<TABLE width="75%" align=center bgColor=#0055ff border=1 bodercolordark="white" 
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  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><FONT color=white>Summary:</FONT></TD>
    <TD><FONT color=white>A tutorial about how to use Pear DB</FONT></TD></TR>
  <TR>
    <TD><FONT color=white>Maintainer/PHP Initials:</FONT></TD>
    <TD><A href="mailto:hide@address.com"><FONT color=white>Tomas 
      V.V.Cox</FONT></A> <FONT color=white>(<A href="mailto:hide@address.com"><FONT 
      color=white>cox</FONT></A>) </FONT></TD></TR>
  <TR>
    <TD><FONT color=white>Software Version:</FONT></TD>
    <TD><FONT color=white>n/a (n/a)</FONT></TD></TR>
  <TR>
    <TD><FONT color=white>Documentation Last Update:</FONT></TD>
    <TD><FONT color=white>2003/03/04</FONT></TD></TR>
  <TR>
    <TD><FONT color=white>Download:<BR>(right click-&gt;save as<BR>over the 
      link)</FONT></TD>
    <TD><A 
      href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/index.php?pack=pear_tut&amp;showsource=1"><FONT 
      color=white>./index.php?pack=pear_tut&amp;showsource=1</FONT></A>&nbsp;</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
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<HR>

<P><B><I>Translations of this document:</I></B></P>
<UL>
  <LI>English (original): <A 
  href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/pear_tut/">http://vulcanonet.com/soft/pear_tut/</A> 
  by Tomas V.V.Cox (hide@address.com) 
  <LI>French: <A 
  href="http://articles.phpheaven.net/article.php3?id_article=10">http://articles.phpheaven.net/article.php3?id_article=10</A> 
  by Nicolas Hoizey (hide@address.com) 
  <LI>Russian: <A href="http://pear.sf.net/">http://pear.sf.net/</A> by Vitaly 
  N. Kravchenko (hide@address.com) 
  <LI>German: <A 
  href="http://www-user.tu-chemnitz.de/~meal/php/peardoc/">http://www-user.tu-chemnitz.de/~meal/php/peardoc/</A> 
  by Alexander Merz (hide@address.com) 
  <LI>Japanese: <A 
  href="http://www.avantexchange.com/php/pear_tut.html">http://www.avantexchange.com/php/pear_tut.html</A> 
  by Naoki Shima (hide@address.com) 
  <LI>Thai: <A 
  href="http://www.exzilla.net/docs/pear/">http://www.exzilla.net/docs/pear/</A> 
  by Narisa N. (hide@address.com) </LI></UL>
<P><B>A new PEAR DB Manual in experimental state is already avaible at the <A 
href="http://pear.php.net/manual/en/core.db.php">PEAR manual</A>. Check it 
out!</B></P>
<HR>

<H2>Table Of contents</H2>
<H2><A name=toc1>1. <A 
href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss1">Introduction (write 
me!)</A></A></H2>
<H2><A name=toc2>2. <A 
href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss2">Getting and Installing 
Pear</A></A></H2>
<H2><A name=toc3>3. <A href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss3">Pear 
DB Usage</A></A></H2>
<UL>
  <LI><A href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss3.1">3.1 Connecting 
  and Disconnecting from a database</A> 
  <LI><A href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss3.2">3.2 Doing a 
  query to the database</A> 
  <LI><A href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss3.3">3.3 Fetch the 
  rows from the query</A> 
  <UL>
    <LI><A href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss3.3.1">3.3.1 Fetch 
    row functions</A> 
    <LI><A href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss3.3.2">3.3.2 Select 
    the format of the fetched row</A> 
    <LI><A href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss3.3.3">3.3.3 Set 
    the format of the fetched row</A> 
    <LI><A href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss3.3.4">3.3.4 Fetch 
    rows by number</A> 
    <LI><A href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss3.3.5">3.3.5 Free 
    the result</A> </LI></UL>
  <LI><A href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss3.4">3.4 Quick data 
  retrieving</A> 
  <LI><A href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss3.5">3.5 Getting more 
  info from query results (numRows, numCols, affectedRows, tableInfo)</A> 
  <LI><A href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss3.6">3.6 
  Sequences</A> 
  <LI><A href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss3.7">3.7 Prepare 
  &amp; Execute/ExcuteMultiple (not yet written)</A> 
  <LI><A href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss3.8">3.8 autoCommit, 
  commit and rollback (not yet written)</A> </LI></UL>
<H2><A name=toc4>4. <A 
href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss4">Avaible methods 
map</A></A></H2>
<H2><A name=toc5>5. <A 
href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss5">Error Handling</A></A></H2>
<UL>
  <LI><A href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss5.1">5.1 Getting the 
  error message from a Pear DB Error</A> 
  <LI><A href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss5.2">5.2 Debuging 
  Pear DB Errors</A> 
  <LI><A href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss5.3">5.3 Taking 
  automatic actions on errors</A> </LI></UL>
<H2><A name=toc6>6. <A 
href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/?pack=pear_tut#ss6">Thanks</A></A></H2>
<HR>

<H2><A name=ss1>1. Introduction (write me!)</A></H2>
<P>This is a tutorial about how to use the Pear DB extension. Pear DB, is a set 
of classes that provides:</P>
<UL>
  <LI>Database abstraction 
  <LI>Advanced error handling 
  <LI>etc </LI></UL><BR>
<HR>

<H2><A name=ss2>2. Getting and Installing Pear</A></H2>
<P>For the moment the <A href="http://pear.php.net/">Pear Project</A> is still 
under heavy development, so the best way to get it, is from the CVS (the Pear DB 
distribution that comes with PHP is outdated, also the one that comes with PHP 
4.0.6!). Then, the only thing you need to do, is add the Pear base directory to 
your <I>include_path</I> entry in <I>php.ini</I>. You can also do it, using: 
<I>ini_set('include_path', '/pear_base_dir')</I>.</P>
<P>Here is an example step by step:</P>
<TABLE borderColor=black cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=5 width="100%" 
bgColor=#dddddd border=1>
  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE>Where you want to place Pear files
<B># cd /usr/local/lib</B>
Log to the repository (use "phpfi" as password):
<B># cvs -d :pserver:hide@address.com:/repository login</B>
Launch this command to get all the pear files. You can use it also
for update yet downloaded files. Other options may be "today", "last month", etc.
I recommend the "last week" option because normally the possible bugs generated
by new commits are found and fixed in one week :-)
<B># cvs -d :pserver:hide@address.com:/repository export -D "last week" php4/pear</B>
Edit your <I>php.ini</I> and add the directory
<I>/usr/local/lib/php4/pear</I> to your <I>include_path</I> entry. If you don't have
access to php.ini, you can use <I>ini_set('include_path', 'path_to_pear');</I> in
your code.
</PRE></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
<P>The complete documentation of the PHP CVS can be found <A 
href="http://cvs.php.net/">here</A>.</P>
<P><I>Please note that Pear DB requires PHP &gt; 4.0.4, but other packages 
inside Pear like the XML Parser ot the pear installer script will require PHP 
&gt;= 4.0.5.</I></P>
<P><B>For the moment this guide only covers the last CVS version of Pear DB, but 
may be is valid for any recent version.</B></P>
<HR>

<H2><A name=ss3>3. Pear DB Usage</A></H2>
<H3><A name=ss3.1>3.1 Connecting and Disconnecting from a database</A></H3>
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  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
<FONT color=#0000bb>&lt;?php<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// The pear base directory must be in your include_path<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>require_once </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'DB.php'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$user </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'foo'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$pass </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'bar'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$host </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'localhost'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db_name </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'clients_db'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR><BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Data Source Name: This is the universal connection string<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$dsn </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>"mysql://$user:$pass@$host/$db_name"</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR><BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// DB::connect will return a Pear DB object on success<BR>// or a Pear DB Error object on error<BR>// You can also set to TRUE the second param<BR>// if you want a persistent connection:<BR>// $db = DB::connect($dsn, true);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>DB</FONT><FONT color=#007700>::</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>connect</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$dsn</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR><BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// With DB::isError you can differentiate between an error or<BR>// a valid connection.<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>if (</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>DB</FONT><FONT color=#007700>::</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>isError</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>)) {<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;die (</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>getMessage</FONT><FONT color=#007700>());<BR>}<BR>....<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// You can disconnect from the database with:<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>disconnect</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>?&gt;</FONT>
</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
<P>The Data Source Name connection string (<I>$dsn</I> param in the above 
example), has the following permited formats (directly copied from the parseDSN 
method from pear/DB.php):</P>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=5 width="100%" bgColor=#dddddd border=1>
  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;phptype: Database backend used in PHP (mysql, odbc etc.)<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;dbsyntax: Database used with regards to SQL syntax etc.<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;protocol: Communication protocol to use (tcp, unix etc.)<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;hostspec: Host specification (hostname[:port])<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;database: Database to use on the DBMS server<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;username: User name for login<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;password: Password for login<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;* The format of the supplied DSN is in its fullest form:<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;phptype(dbsyntax)://username:hide@address.com+hostspec/database<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;* Most variations are allowed:<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;phptype://username:hide@address.com+hostspec:110//usr/db_file.db<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;phptype://username:hide@address.com/database_name<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;phptype://username:hide@address.com<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;phptype://hide@address.com<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;phptype://hostspec/database<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;phptype://hostspec<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;phptype(dbsyntax)<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;*&nbsp;&nbsp;phptype</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
<P>The Databases currently supported (the <I>phptype</I> DSN part) are:</P>
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  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
mysql&nbsp;&nbsp;-&gt; MySQL<BR>pgsql&nbsp;&nbsp;-&gt; PostgreSQL<BR>ibase&nbsp;&nbsp;-&gt; InterBase<BR>msql&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;-&gt; Mini SQL<BR>mssql&nbsp;&nbsp;-&gt; Microsoft SQL Server<BR>oci8&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;-&gt; Oracle 7/8/8i<BR>odbc&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;-&gt; ODBC (Open Database Connectivity)<BR>sybase -&gt; SyBase<BR>ifx&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;-&gt; Informix<BR>fbsql&nbsp;&nbsp;-&gt; FrontBase</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
<P>Please note, that some features may be not supported by all database 
backends. Please refer to the Pear DB extensions status document located at: 
<I>&lt;pear base dir&gt;/DB/STATUS</I> to get the detailed list.</P>
<H3><A name=ss3.2>3.2 Doing a query to the database</A></H3>
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  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
<FONT color=#0000bb>&lt;?php<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Once you have a valid DB object<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>...<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$sql </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>"select * from clients"</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// If the query is a "SELECT", $db-&gt;query will return<BR>// a DB Result object on success.<BR>// Else it simply will return a DB_OK<BR>// On failure it will return a DB Error object.<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$result </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>query</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$sql</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Always check that $result is not an error<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>if (</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>DB</FONT><FONT color=#007700>::</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>isError</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$result</FONT><FONT color=#007700>)) {<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;die (</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$result</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>getMessage</FONT><FONT color=#007700>());<BR>}<BR>....<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>?&gt;</FONT>
</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
<H3><A name=ss3.3>3.3 Fetch the rows from the query</A></H3>
<H4><A name=ss3.3.1>3.3.1 Fetch row functions</A></H4>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=5 width="100%" bgColor=#dddddd border=1>
  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
<FONT color=#0000bb>&lt;?php<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Once you have a valid DB Result object<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>...<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Get each row of data on each iteration until<BR>// there is no more rows<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>while (</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$result</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>fetchRow</FONT><FONT color=#007700>()) {<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$id </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row</FONT><FONT color=#007700>[</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>0</FONT><FONT color=#007700>];<BR>}<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>?&gt;</FONT>
</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
<P>Instead of <I>fetchRow()</I> you can use <B><I>fetchInto()</I></B> who 
directly assigns by reference the <I>$row</I> value:</P>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=5 width="100%" bgColor=#dddddd border=1>
  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
<FONT color=#0000bb>&lt;?php<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>...<BR>while (</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$result</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>fetchInto</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row</FONT><FONT color=#007700>)) {<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$id </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row</FONT><FONT color=#007700>[</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>0</FONT><FONT color=#007700>];<BR>}<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>?&gt;</FONT>
</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
<H4><A name=ss3.3.2>3.3.2 Select the format of the fetched row</A></H4>
<P>The fetch modes supported are <I>DB_FETCHMODE_ORDERED</I> (default), 
<I>DB_FETCHMODE_ASSOC</I> and <I>DB_FETCHMODE_OBJECT</I>.</P>Examples of the 
data structure returned by the fetch row methods:
<P></P>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=5 width="100%" bgColor=#dddddd border=1>
  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
<FONT color=#0000bb>&lt;?php<BR>$res </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>query</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'select id, name, email from users'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>fetchRow</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$mode</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR><BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>//With $mode = DB_FETCHMODE_ORDERED<BR>//The default behavior is to return an ordered array.<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= array (<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>0 </FONT><FONT color=#007700>=&gt; &lt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>column </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>"id" </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>data</FONT><FONT color=#007700>&gt;,<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>1 </FONT><FONT color=#007700>=&gt; &lt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>column </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>"name" </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>data</FONT><FONT color=#007700>&gt;,<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>2 </FONT><FONT color=#007700>=&gt; &lt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>column </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>"email" </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>data</FONT><FONT color=#007700>&gt;<BR>);<BR><BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$id </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row</FONT><FONT color=#007700>[</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>0</FONT><FONT color=#007700>];<BR><BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>//With $mode = DB_FETCHMODE_ASSOC<BR>//Returns an associative array with column names as array keys:<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= array (<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'id'&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#007700>=&gt; &lt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>column </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>"id" </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>data</FONT><FONT color=#007700>&gt;,<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'name'&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#007700>=&gt; &lt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>column </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>"name" </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>data</FONT><FONT color=#007700>&gt;,<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'email' </FONT><FONT color=#007700>=&gt; &lt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>column </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>"email" </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>data</FONT><FONT color=#007700>&gt;<BR>);<BR><BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$id </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row</FONT><FONT color=#007700>[</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'id'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>];<BR><BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>//With $mode = DB_FETCHMODE_OBJECT<BR>//Returns a DB_row object with column names as properties:<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>db_row Object <BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>(<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>id</FONT><FONT color=#007700>]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;=&gt; &lt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>column </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>"id" </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>data</FONT><FONT color=#007700>&gt;,<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>name</FONT><FONT color=#007700>]&nbsp;&nbsp;=&gt; &lt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>column </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>"name" </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>data</FONT><FONT color=#007700>&gt;,<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>email</FONT><FONT color=#007700>] =&gt; &lt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>column </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>"email" </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>data</FONT><FONT color=#007700>&gt;<BR>)<BR><BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$id </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>id</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>?&gt;</FONT>
</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
<H4><A name=ss3.3.3>3.3.3 Set the format of the fetched row</A></H4>
<P>You can supply the fetch mode to use to the <I>fetchrow() / fetchInto()</I> 
method or also you can set a default mode for your DB instance. </P>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=5 width="100%" bgColor=#dddddd border=1>
  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
<FONT color=#0000bb>&lt;?php<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>...<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// 1) Set the mode per call:<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>while (</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$result</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>fetchRow</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>DB_FETCHMODE_ASSOC</FONT><FONT color=#007700>)) {<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[..]<BR>}<BR>while (</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$result</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>fetchInto</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>DB_FETCHMODE_ASSOC</FONT><FONT color=#007700>)) {<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[..]<BR>}<BR><BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// 2) Set the mode for all calls:<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>DB</FONT><FONT color=#007700>::</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>connect</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$dsn</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// this will set a default fetchmode for this Pear DB instance<BR>// (for all queries)<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>setFetchMode</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>DB_FETCHMODE_ASSOC</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$result </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>query</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(...);<BR>while (</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$result</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>fetchRow</FONT><FONT color=#007700>()) {<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$id </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row</FONT><FONT color=#007700>[</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'id'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>];<BR>}<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>?&gt;</FONT>
</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
<H4><A name=ss3.3.4>3.3.4 Fetch rows by number</A></H4>
<P>The Pear DB fetch system also supports an extra param to the fetch statement, 
so from a result you can <B>fetch rows by number</B>. This is specially helpful 
if you only want to show sets of an entire result (for example in building <A 
href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/index.php?pack=pager">paginated HTML 
lists</A>), fetch rows in an special order, etc.
<P>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=5 width="100%" bgColor=#dddddd border=1>
  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
<FONT color=#0000bb>&lt;?php<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>...<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// the row to start fetching<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$from </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>50</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// how many results per page<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res_per_page </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>10</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// the last row to fetch for this page<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$to </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$from </FONT><FONT color=#007700>+ </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res_per_page</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR>foreach (</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>range</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$from</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$to</FONT><FONT color=#007700>) as </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$rownum</FONT><FONT color=#007700>) {<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;if (!</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>fetchrow</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$fetchmode</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$rownum</FONT><FONT color=#007700>)) {<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;break;<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$id </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row</FONT><FONT color=#007700>[</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>0</FONT><FONT color=#007700>];<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;....<BR>}<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>?&gt;</FONT>
</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
<H4><A name=ss3.3.5>3.3.5 Free the result</A></H4>
<P>Once you have finished with the result, you can free it with the 
<I><B>free()</B></I> method:
<P>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=5 width="100%" bgColor=#dddddd border=1>
  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
<FONT color=#0000bb>&lt;?php<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>...<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$result </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>query</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'SELECT * FROM clients'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR>while (</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$result</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>fetchRow</FONT><FONT color=#007700>()) {<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;...<BR>}<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$result</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>free</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>?&gt;</FONT>
</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
<H3><A name=ss3.4>3.4 Quick data retrieving</A></H3>
<P>Pear DB provides some special ways to retrieve information from a query 
without the need of using <I>fetchRow()</I> and loop throw results. These are 
the methods <I>getOne</I>, <I>getRow</I>, <I>getCol</I>, <I>getAssoc</I> and 
<I>getAll</I>. Here are some examples of use:</P>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=5 width="100%" bgColor=#dddddd border=1>
  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
<FONT color=#0000bb>&lt;?php<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>require_once </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'DB.php'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>DB</FONT><FONT color=#007700>::</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>connect</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'pgsql://hide@address.com+localhost/clients_db'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// -----------------------------------------------------------<BR>// getOne retrieves the first result of the first column<BR>// from a query<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$numrows </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>getOne</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'select count(id) from clients'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// -----------------------------------------------------------<BR>// getRow will fetch the first row and return it as an array<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$sql </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'select name, address, phone from clients where id=1'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR>if (</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>is_array</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>getRow</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$sql</FONT><FONT color=#007700>))) {<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;list(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$name</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$address</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$phone</FONT><FONT color=#007700>) = </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR>}<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// -----------------------------------------------------------<BR>// getCol will return an array with the data of the<BR>// selected column. It accepts the column number to retrieve<BR>// as the second param.<BR>// The next sentence could return for example:<BR>// $all_client_names = array('Stig', 'Jon', 'Colin');<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$all_client_names </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>getCol</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'select name from clients'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// -----------------------------------------------------------<BR>// Other functions are: getAssoc() and getAll().<BR>// For the moment refer to their in-line documentation<BR>// at pear/DB/common.php<BR>// -----------------------------------------------------------<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>?&gt;</FONT>
</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
<P>The <I>"get*() family methods"</I> will do all the dirty job for you, this 
is: launch the query, fetch the data and free the result. Please note that as 
all Pear DB functions they will return a Pear DB_error object on errors.</P>
<H3><A name=ss3.5>3.5 Getting more info from query results (numRows, numCols, 
affectedRows, tableInfo)</A></H3>
<P>With Pear DB you have many ways to retrieve useful information from query 
results. These are: 
<UL>
  <LI><B>numRows()</B>: Returns the total number of rows returned from a 
  "SELECT" query. 
  <LI><B>numCols()</B>: Returns the total number of columns returned from a 
  "SELECT" query. 
  <LI><B>affectedRows()</B>: Returns the number of rows affected by a data 
  manipulation query ("INSERT", "UPDATE" or "DELETE"). 
  <LI><B>tableInfo()</B>: Returns an associative array with information about 
  the returned fields from a "SELECT" query. </LI></UL>
<P>Examples of use:</P>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=5 width="100%" bgColor=#dddddd border=1>
  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
<FONT color=#0000bb>&lt;?php<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>...<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>DB</FONT><FONT color=#007700>::</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>connect</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$dsn</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$sql </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'select * from clients'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>query</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$sql</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Don't forget to check if the returned result from your<BR>// action is a Pear Error object. If you get a error message<BR>// like 'DB_error: database not capable', means that<BR>// your database backend doesn't support this action.<BR>//<BR>// Number of rows<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>echo </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>numRows</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Number of cols<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>echo </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>numCols</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Table Info<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>print_r </FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>tableInfo</FONT><FONT color=#007700>());<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Affected rows<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$sql </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>"delete from clients"</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// remember that this statement won't return a result object<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>query</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$sql</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR>echo </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'I have deleted ' </FONT><FONT color=#007700>. </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>affectedRows</FONT><FONT color=#007700>() . </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'clients'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>?&gt;</FONT>
</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
<H3><A name=ss3.6>3.6 Sequences</A></H3>
<P>Sequences is a way of offering unique IDs for data rows. If you do most of 
you work with e.g. MySQL, think of sequences as another way of doing 
AUTO_INCREMENT. It's quite simple, first you request an ID, and then you insert 
that value in the ID field of the new row you're creating. You can have more 
than one sequence for all your tables, just be sure that you always use the same 
sequence for any particular table. </P>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=5 width="100%" bgColor=#dddddd border=1>
  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
<FONT color=#0000bb>&lt;?php<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>...<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Get an ID (if the sequence doesn't exist, it will be created)<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$id </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>nextID</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'mySequence'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR><BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Use the ID in your INSERT query<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>query</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>"INSERT INTO myTable (id,text) VALUES ($id,'foo')"</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR>...<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>?&gt;</FONT>
</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
<H3><A name=ss3.7>3.7 Prepare &amp; Execute/ExcuteMultiple (not yet 
written)</A></H3>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=5 width="100%" bgColor=#dddddd border=1>
  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
<FONT color=#0000bb>&lt;?php<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// UNTESTED CODE !!!<BR>//<BR>// Example inserting data<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$alldata </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= array(<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;array(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>1</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'one'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'en'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>),<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;array(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>2</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'two'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'to'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>),<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;array(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>3</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'three'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'tre'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>),<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;array(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>4</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'four'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'fire'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>)<BR>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$sth </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$dbh</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>prepare</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>"INSERT INTO numbers VALUES(?,?,?)"</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR>foreach (</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$alldata </FONT><FONT color=#007700>as </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row</FONT><FONT color=#007700>) {<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$dbh</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>execute</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$sth</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR>}<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>//Here's an example of a file placeholder:<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$myfile </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>"/tmp/image.jpg"</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$sth </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$dbh</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>prepare</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'INSERT INTO images (?, &amp;)'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$dbh</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>execute</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$sth</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, array(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>"this is me"</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$myfile</FONT><FONT color=#007700>));<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>//After I commit a bugfix that I have on my laptop, you can use<BR>//parameter arrays in the getXxx methods too:<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$ver </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$dbh</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>getOne</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>"SELECT stableversion FROM packages WHERE name = ?"</FONT><FONT color=#007700>,<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;array(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$package</FONT><FONT color=#007700>));<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>?&gt;</FONT>
</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
<H3><A name=ss3.8>3.8 autoCommit, commit and rollback (not yet written)</A></H3>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=5 width="100%" bgColor=#dddddd border=1>
  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
<FONT color=#0000bb>&lt;?php<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>//examples here<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>?&gt;</FONT>
</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE><BR>
<HR>

<H2><A name=ss4>4. Avaible methods map</A></H2>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=5 width="100%" bgColor=#dddddd border=1>
  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
<FONT color=#0000bb>&lt;?php<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>/*<BR>* From the DB_(driver) objects<BR>*/<BR>// get the object with, ie:<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>DB</FONT><FONT color=#007700>::</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>connect</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'mysql://user:hide@address.com/my_db'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR> <BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Set options<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>setErrorHandling</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>setFetchmode</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Information<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>affectedRows</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>tableInfo</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Database manipulation<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>query</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Data fetch<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>nextId</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>getOne</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>getRow</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>getCol</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>getAssoc</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>getAll</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Place holders and execute related<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>quote</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>prepare</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>execute</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>executeMultiple</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Transactions<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>autoCommit</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>commit</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>rollback</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Disconnection<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>disconnect</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR> <BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>/*<BR>* From DB_result objects<BR>*/<BR>// get the object with, ie: <BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>query</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'select * from foo'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR> <BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Data fetch<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>fetchRow</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>fetchInto</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Result Info<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>numCols</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>numRows</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>tableInfo</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Free<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>free</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR> <BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>/*<BR>* From DB_error objects<BR>*/<BR>// get the object with, ie:<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$error </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>query</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'select * from no_table'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR> <BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$error</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>getMessage</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$error</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>getDebugInfo</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$error</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>toString</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>?&gt;</FONT>
</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE><BR>
<HR>

<H2><A name=ss5>5. Error Handling</A></H2>
<H3><A name=ss5.1>5.1 Getting the error message from a Pear DB Error</A></H3>
<P>All errors returned by Pear DB are Pear Errors. Here is a way to retrieve 
information of it:</P>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=5 width="100%" bgColor=#dddddd border=1>
  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
<FONT color=#0000bb>&lt;?php<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>...<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>query</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'select * from no_table'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR>if (</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>DB</FONT><FONT color=#007700>::</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>isError</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res</FONT><FONT color=#007700>)) {<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// get the portable error string<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#007700>echo </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>getMessage</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR>}<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>?&gt;</FONT>
</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
<H3><A name=ss5.2>5.2 Debuging Pear DB Errors</A></H3>
<P>Pear DB use a portable error messages system to output errors to the user. 
This has many advantages like provide an easy way to translate it into other 
languages or take a specific action on a specific error. But this don't give 
many information to the developer on what was happen. To catch the real error 
given from the database backend plus the last query you launched, you can use 
the <I>getDebugInfo()</I> method:</P>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=5 width="100%" bgColor=#dddddd border=1>
  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
<FONT color=#0000bb>&lt;?php<BR>$sql </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'select * from no_table'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR>if (</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>DB</FONT><FONT color=#007700>::</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>isError</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>query</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$sql</FONT><FONT color=#007700>))) {<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// get the native backend error<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;// and the last query<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#007700>echo </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>getDebugInfo</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR>}<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>?&gt;</FONT>
</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
<P>Normaly when a PHP function fails, it will print an error message. In Pear 
these behaviour has been disabled. But perhaps sometimes you'll need to see 
these messages to trap obscure errors in your code. This can be done with the 
<I>set_error_handler</I> PHP function, documented in the <A 
href="http://php.net/manual/en/function.set-error-handler.php">PHP Manual</A>. 
Here is a quick example:</P>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=5 width="100%" bgColor=#dddddd border=1>
  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
<FONT color=#0000bb>&lt;?php<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// what messages to report<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>error_reporting </FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>E_ALL </FONT><FONT color=#007700>^ </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>E_NOTICE</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// this function will handle all reported errors<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>function </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>my_error_handler </FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$errno</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$errstr</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$errfile</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$errline</FONT><FONT color=#007700>) {<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;echo </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>"In $errfile, line: $errline\n&lt;br&gt;$errstr"</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR>}<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>set_error_handler </FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'my_error_handler'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>DB</FONT><FONT color=#007700>::</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>connect</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'pgsql://hide@address.com/no_db'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR>...<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>?&gt;</FONT>
</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
<H3><A name=ss5.3>5.3 Taking automatic actions on errors</A></H3>
<P>As you can see, Pear DB do extensive error checking and reporting, feature 
that force the developer to always check if the result from his action had 
returned an error or not. Pear DB take care also of this tired task, and 
provides a very flexible system to automatic do actions when a error occurs.</P>
<P>The avaible actions are:
<P>
<UL>
  <LI>Return the error object (PEAR_ERROR_RETURN). This is the default action. 
  <LI>Print error (PEAR_ERROR_PRINT) 
  <LI>Print the error message and abort execution (PEAR_ERROR_DIE) 
  <LI>Use the PHP funcion <I>trigger_error()</I> to raise a PHP error 
  (PEAR_ERROR_TRIGGER) 
  <LI>Pass the error object to a function or object method (PEAR_ERROR_CALLBACK) 
  </LI></UL>
<P>A simple example:</P>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=5 width="100%" bgColor=#dddddd border=1>
  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
<FONT color=#0000bb>&lt;?php<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>require_once </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'DB.php'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Set the default action to take on error<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>PEAR</FONT><FONT color=#007700>::</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>setErrorHandling</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>PEAR_ERROR_DIE</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// From here you don't need to check errors any more<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>DB</FONT><FONT color=#007700>::</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>connect</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'pgsql://hide@address.com/my_database'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>query</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'select id from no_table'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// at this point the execution is aborted and the error message is raisen<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>...<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>?&gt;</FONT>
</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
<P>A more advanced example:</P>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=5 width="100%" bgColor=#dddddd border=1>
  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
<FONT color=#0000bb>&lt;?php<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Define the app environment (this is: what errors you want to output)<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>define </FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'DEBUG_ENV'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>true</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// This function will handle all errors<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>function </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>handle_pear_error </FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$error_obj</FONT><FONT color=#007700>) {<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Be verbose while developing the application<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#007700>if (</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>DEBUG_ENV</FONT><FONT color=#007700>) {<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;die (</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$error_obj</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>getMessage</FONT><FONT color=#007700>().</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>"\n"</FONT><FONT color=#007700>.</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$error_obj</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>getDebugInfo</FONT><FONT color=#007700>());<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// Dump a silly message if the site is in production<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#007700>} else {<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;die (</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'Sorry you request can not be processed now. Try again later'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;}<BR>}<BR><BR>require_once </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'DB.php'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// On error, call the "handle_pear_error" function back<BR>// You can also use an object as pear error handler so:<BR>// setErrorHandling(PEAR_ERROR_CALLBACK, array($object,'method_name');<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>PEAR</FONT><FONT color=#007700>::</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>setErrorHandling</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>PEAR_ERROR_CALLBACK</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'handle_pear_error'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>DB</FONT><FONT color=#007700>::</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>connect</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'pgsql://hide@address.com/site_db'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>query</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'select id from no_table'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// at this point the execution is aborted and the "handle_pear_error"<BR>// function is called with the error object as its first argument<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>while (</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$row </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$res</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>fetchRow</FONT><FONT color=#007700>()) {<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;...<BR>}<BR>...<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>?&gt;</FONT>
</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
<P>Please refer to the <A href="http://www.php.net/manual/en/pear.php">Pear 
Reference Manual</A>, to get the detailed description of the different possible 
actions.</P>
<P>Here is an idea on how to build an extended error handling system:</P>
<TABLE cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=5 width="100%" bgColor=#dddddd border=1>
  <TBODY>
  <TR>
    <TD><PRE><CODE><FONT color=#000000>
<FONT color=#0000bb>&lt;?php<BR>error_reporting </FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>E_ALL </FONT><FONT color=#007700>^ </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>E_NOTICE</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// this function will handle all errors reported by PHP<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>function </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>php_error_handler </FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$errno</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$errstr</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$errfile</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$errline</FONT><FONT color=#007700>) {<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;die (</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>"In $errfile, line: $errline\n&lt;br&gt;$errstr"</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR>}<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>set_error_handler </FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'php_error_handler'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// this function will catch errors generated by Pear,<BR>// transform it to PHP errors and trigger them to the php_error_handler<BR></FONT><FONT color=#007700>function </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>pear_error_handler </FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$err_obj</FONT><FONT color=#007700>) {<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$error_string </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$err_obj</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>getMessage</FONT><FONT color=#007700>() . </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'&lt;br&gt;' </FONT><FONT color=#007700>. </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$error_obj</FONT><FONT color=#007700>-&gt;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>getDebugInfo</FONT><FONT color=#007700>();<BR>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>trigger_error </FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$error_string</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>E_USER_ERROR</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR>}<BR>require </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'DB.php'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>;<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>PEAR</FONT><FONT color=#007700>::</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>setErrorHandling </FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>PEAR_ERROR_CALLBACK</FONT><FONT color=#007700>, </FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'pear_error_handler'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR></FONT><FONT color=#ff8000>// force an error<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>$db </FONT><FONT color=#007700>= </FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>DB</FONT><FONT color=#007700>::</FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>connect</FONT><FONT color=#007700>(</FONT><FONT color=#dd0000>'pgsql://hide@address.com/no_db'</FONT><FONT color=#007700>);<BR>...<BR></FONT><FONT color=#0000bb>?&gt;</FONT>
</FONT>
</CODE></PRE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE><BR>
<HR>

<H2><A name=ss6>6. Thanks</A></H2>
<P>Special thanks to Stig for creating the wonderful Pear World, the people who 
are helping me on maintaining this document and of course also to the other Pear 
Team for their continuous work on it.</P>
<HR>

<P>Please send corrections, updates or additions to me:<BR><A 
href="mailto:hide@address.com?subject=Pear_Tut">Tomas V.V.Cox</A></P>
<P>If you want to contribute to this document, please save the <A 
href="http://vulcanonet.com/soft/index.php?pack=pear_tut&amp;showsource=1">source 
template</A>, make the modifications to it and send it back to me, with a brief 
summary of changes.</P><PRE>To Write:
- Pear DB introduction
- Other features like: prepare/execute, commit
- How to help or report bugs
</PRE><PRE>Changelog:
#2003-02-27
- Added translation to Thai by Narisa N.
#2002-02-14
- Added Japanese translation by "Naoki Shima" <hide@address.com>
#2001-10-12
- Added links to the tutorial translations
- Couple of corrections reported by Nicolas Hoizey
#2001-08-23
- Added Table of contents (Thanks Natanael Copa!)
</PRE></BODY></HTML>
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