Location: PHPKode > scripts > Permissions > permissions/permissions.class.php
Copyright (C) 2003  Keith Ganger

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*This class uses a bit mask to represent user permissions.  
*This will allow you to store a singe integer representing a users permission set. 
*You can then covert this integer back into an associative array with boolean 
*values showing the users permission set.
*@author      Keith Ganger <hide@address.com>
* @version     1.0
* @since       March 3 2004

class permissions
	 * This array is used to represent the users permission in usable format.  
	 *You can change remove or add valuesto suit your needs.  
	 *Just ensure that each element defaults to false. Once you have started storing
	 *users permsisions a change to the order of this array will cause the 
	 *permissions to be incorectly interpreted.  
	 * @type Associtive array
	var $permissions=array("read"=>false,"write"=>false,"delete"=>false,"change_permissions"=>false,"admin"=>false);
	*This function will use an integer bitmask(as created by toBitmask())
	*to populate the class vaiable
	*$this->permissions with the users permissions as boolean values. 
	*@param int $bitmask an integer representation of the users permisions. 
	*This integer is created by toBitmask();
	*@return an associatve array with the users permissions. 
	function getPermissions($bitMask=0){
		*The following explains how this code works. 
		*This table shows how bitmasks will represent a particular permission.
		*element bin number -- 2^i -- decimal equiv
		*read	 00000001   -- 2^0 -- 1
		*write   00000010   -- 2^1 -- 2
		*delete  00000100   -- 2^2 -- 4
		*The following code block loops through the permissions it uses a bitwise AND(&)
		*along with the terinary operator to assign the permissions.
		*You may want to visit the documentation at www.php.net on the pow function, 
		*the terinary operator, and the bitwise AND(&). 
		*When using the bitwise AND(&) all bits that are set in both $bitMask and the 
		*return value of pow(2($i) are set to 1.
		*For this example refer to the above table  
		*A user with read and delete permissions would be represented as 00000101 
		*which would be an integer bitmask of 5
		*when this code is executed the following would happen. 
		*The bitmask of 5 would be passed into the function 
		*so $bitmask is set to 5 or in binary(00000101). 
		*The first time through the loop the function pow(2,0) returns 1 (00000001)
		*the bitwise AND(&) then compares
		*(00000001) to (00000101) and returns 00000001 this is not equal to 0 
		*so the first element in the array "read" is set to true. 
		*The second time through the loop the function pow(2,1) returns 2 (00000010) 
		*the bitwise AND(&) then compares
		*(00000010) to (00000101) and returns 00000000 this is equal to 0 
		*so the second element in the array "write" is set to false.
		**The second time through the loop the function pow(2,2) returns 4 (00000100)
		*the bitwise AND(&) then compares
		*(00000100) to (00000101) and returns 00000100 this is 4 and is not equal to 0
		*so the third element in the array "delete" is set to false.
		*The code will loop through the remaining elements setting all of them to false.
		foreach($this->permissions as $key=>$value){
			$this->permissions[$key]= (($bitMask & pow(2,$i)) !=0) ? true: false;
			//uncomment the next line if you would like to see what is happening. 
			//echo $key . " i= ".strval($i)." power=" . strval(pow(2,$i)). "bitwise & = " . strval($bitMask & pow(2,$i))."<br>";
		return $this->permissions;
	/**This function will create and return and integer bitmask based on the permission values set in
	*the class variable $permissions. To use you would want to set the fields in $permissions to true for the permissions you want to grant. 
	*Then call toBitmask() and store the integer value.  Later you can pass that integer into getPermissions() to convert it back to an assoicative 
	*@return int an integer bitmask represeting the users permission set. 
	function toBitmask(){
		foreach($this->permissions as $key=>$value){
		return $bitmask;
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