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<h1>Test suite documentation</h1>
        This page...
        <ul>
<li>
            Different ways to <a href="#group">group tests</a> together.
        </li>
<li>
            Combining group tests into <a href="#higher">larger groups</a>.
        </li>
<li>
            Integrating <a href="#legacy">legacy test cases</a> from other
            types of PHPUnit.
        </li>
</ul>
<div class="content">
        <p><a class="target" name="group"><h2>Grouping tests into suites</h2></a></p>
            <p>
                To run test cases as part of a group, the test cases should really
                be placed in files without the runner code...
<pre>
<strong>&lt;?php
    require_once('../classes/io.php');

    class FileTester extends UnitTestCase {
        ...
    }

    class SocketTester extends UnitTestCase {
        ...
    }
?&gt;</strong>
</pre>
                As many cases as needed can appear in a single file.
                They should include any code they need, such as the library
                being tested, but none of the simple test libraries.
            </p>
            <p>
                If you have extended any test cases, you can include them
                as well. In PHP 4...
<pre>
&lt;?php
    require_once('../classes/io.php');
<strong>
    class MyFileTestCase extends UnitTestCase {
        ...
    }
    SimpleTest::ignore('MyFileTestCase');</strong>

    class FileTester extends MyFileTestCase { ... }

    class SocketTester extends UnitTestCase { ... }
?&gt;
</pre>
                The <span class="new_code">FileTester</span> class does
                not contain any actual tests, but is a base class for other
                test cases.
                For this reason we use the
                <span class="new_code">SimpleTestOptions::ignore()</span> directive
                to tell the upcoming group test to ignore it.
                This directive can appear anywhere in the file and works
                when a whole file of test cases is loaded (see below).
            </p>
            <p>
                If you are using PHP 5, you do not need this special directive at all.
                Simply mark any test cases that should not be run as abstract...
<pre>
<strong>abstract</strong> class MyFileTestCase extends UnitTestCase {
    ...
}

class FileTester extends MyFileTestCase { ... }

class SocketTester extends UnitTestCase { ... }
</pre>
            </p>
            <p>
                We will call this sample <em>file_test.php</em>.
                Next we create a group test file, called say <em>my_group_test.php</em>.
                You will think of a better name I am sure.
            </p>
            <p>
                We will add the test file using a safe method...
<pre>
&lt;?php
    require_once('simpletest/unit_tester.php');
    require_once('simpletest/reporter.php');<strong>
    require_once('file_test.php');

    $test = &amp;new TestSuite('All file tests');
    $test-&gt;addTestCase(new FileTestCase());
    $test-&gt;run(new HtmlReporter());</strong>
?&gt;
</pre>
                This instantiates the test case before the test suite is
                run.
                This could get a little expensive with a large number of test
                cases, and can be surprising behaviour.
            </p>
            <p>
                The main problem is that for every test case
                that we add we will have
                to <span class="new_code">require_once()</span> the test code
                file and manually instantiate each and every test case.
            </p>
            <p>
                We can save a lot of typing with...
<pre>
&lt;?php
    require_once('simpletest/unit_tester.php');
    require_once('simpletest/reporter.php');

    $test = &amp;new TestSuite('All file tests');<strong>
    $test-&gt;addTestFile('file_test.php');</strong>
    $test-&gt;run(new HtmlReporter());
?&amp;gt;
</pre>
                What happens here is that the <span class="new_code">TestSuite</span>
                class has done the <span class="new_code">require_once()</span>
                for us.
                It then checks to see if any new test case classes
                have been created by the new file and automatically adds
                them to the group test.
                Now all we have to do is add each new file.
            </p>
            <p>
                No only that, but you can guarantee that the constructor is run
                just before the first test method and, in PHP 5, the destructor
                is run just after the last test method.
            </p>
            <p>
                There are two things that could go wrong and which require care...
                <ol>
                    <li>
                        The file could already have been parsed by PHP, and so no
                        new classes will have been added. You should make
                        sure that the test cases are only included in this file
                        and no others (Note : with the new <cite>autorun</cite>
                        functionnality, this problem has now been solved).
                    </li>
                    <li>
                        New test case extension classes that get included will be
                        placed in the group test and run also.
                        You will need to add a <span class="new_code">SimpleTestOptions::ignore()</span>
                        directive for these classes, or make sure that they are included
                        before the <span class="new_code">TestSuite::addTestFile()</span>
                        line, or make sure that they are abstract classes.
                    </li>
                </ol>
            </p>
        
        <p><a class="target" name="higher"><h2>Composite suites</h2></a></p>
            <p>
                The above method places all of the test cases into one large group.
                For larger projects though this may not be flexible enough; you
                may want to group the tests in all sorts of ways.
            </p>
            <p>
                To get a more flexible group test we can subclass
                <span class="new_code">TestSuite</span> and then instantiate it as needed...
<pre>
&lt;?php
    require_once('simpletest/unit_tester.php');
    require_once('simpletest/reporter.php');
    <strong>
    class FileTestSuite extends TestSuite {
        function FileTestSuite() {
            $this-&gt;TestSuite('All file tests');
            $this-&gt;addTestFile('file_test.php');
        }
    }</strong>
?&gt;
</pre>
                This effectively names the test in the constructor and then
                adds our test cases and a single group below.
                Of course we can add more than one group at this point.
                We can now invoke the tests from a separate runner file...
<pre>
&lt;?php
    require_once('file_test_suite.php');
    <strong>
    $test = &amp;new FileTestSuite();
    $test-&gt;run(new HtmlReporter());</strong>
?&gt;
</pre>
                ...or we can group them into even larger group tests.
                We can even mix groups and test cases freely as long as
                we are careful about double includes...
<pre>
&lt;?php
    <strong>
    $test = &amp;new BigTestSuite('Big group');
    $test-&gt;addTestFile('file_test_suite.php');
    $test-&gt;addTestFile('some_test_case.php');</strong>
    $test-&gt;run(new HtmlReporter());
?&gt;
</pre>
                In the event of a double include, ony the first instance
                of the test case will be run.
            </p>
            <p>
                If we still wish to run the original group test, and we
                don't want all of these little runner files, we can
                put the test runner code around guard bars when we create
                each group.
<pre>
&lt;?php
    class FileTestSuite extends TestSuite {
        function FileTestSuite() {
            $this-&gt;TestSuite('All file tests');
            $test-&gt;addTestFile('file_test.php');
        }
    }
    <strong>
    if (! defined('RUNNER')) {
        define('RUNNER', true);</strong>
        $test = &amp;new FileTestSuite();
        $test-&gt;run(new HtmlReporter());
    }
?&gt;
</pre>
                This approach requires the guard to be set when including
                the group test file, but this is still less hassle than
                lots of separate runner files.
                You include the same guard on the top level tests to make sure
                that <span class="new_code">run()</span> will run once only
                from the top level script that has been invoked.
<pre>
&lt;?php<strong>
    define('RUNNER', true);</strong>
    require_once('file_test_suite.php');

    $test = &amp;new BigTestSuite('Big group');
    $test-&gt;addTestCase(new FileTestSuite());
    $test-&gt;addTestCase(...);
    $test-&gt;run(new HtmlReporter());
?&gt;
</pre>
                As with the normal test cases, a <span class="new_code">TestSuite</span> can
                be loaded with the <span class="new_code">TestSuite::addTestFile()</span> method.
<pre>
&lt;?php
    define('RUNNER', true);

    $test = &amp;new BigTestSuite('Big group');<strong>
    $test-&gt;addTestFile('file_test_suite.php');
    $test-&gt;addTestFile(...);</strong>
    $test-&gt;run(new HtmlReporter());
?&gt;
</pre>
            </p>
        
        <p><a class="target" name="legacy"><h2>Integrating legacy test cases</h2></a></p>
            <p>
                If you already have unit tests for your code or are extending external
                classes that have tests, it is unlikely that all of the test cases
                are in SimpleTest format.
                Fortunately it is possible to incorporate test cases from other
                unit testers directly into SimpleTest group tests.
            </p>
            <p>
                Say we have the following
                <a href="http://sourceforge.net/projects/phpunit">PhpUnit</a>
                test case in the file <em>config_test.php</em>...
<pre>
<strong>class ConfigFileTest extends TestCase {
    function ConfigFileTest() {
        $this-&gt;TestCase('Config file test');
    }
    
    function testContents() {
        $config = new ConfigFile('test.conf');
        $this-&gt;assertRegexp('/me/', $config-&gt;getValue('username'));
    }
}</strong>
</pre>
                The group test can recognise this as long as we include
                the appropriate adapter class before we add the test
                file...
<pre>
&lt;?php
    require_once('simpletest/unit_tester.php');
    require_once('simpletest/reporter.php');<strong>
    require_once('simpletest/adapters/phpunit_test_case.php');</strong>

    $test = &amp;new TestSuite('All file tests');<strong>
    $test-&gt;addTestFile('config_test.php');</strong>
    $test-&gt;run(new HtmlReporter());
?&gt;
</pre>
                There are only two adapters, the other is for the
                <a href="http://pear.php.net/manual/en/package.php.phpunit.php">PEAR</a>
                1.0 unit tester...
<pre>
&lt;?php
    require_once('simpletest/unit_tester.php');
    require_once('simpletest/reporter.php');<strong>
    require_once('simpletest/adapters/pear_test_case.php');</strong>

    $test = &amp;new TestSuite('All file tests');<strong>
    $test-&gt;addTestFile('some_pear_test_cases.php');</strong>
    $test-&gt;run(new HtmlReporter());
?&gt;
</pre>
                The PEAR test cases can be freely mixed with SimpleTest
                ones even in the same test file,
                but you cannot use SimpleTest assertions in the legacy
                test case versions.
                This is done as a check that you are not accidently making
                your test cases completely dependent on SimpleTest.
                You may want to do a PEAR release of your library for example,
                which would mean shipping it with valid PEAR::PhpUnit test
                cases.
            </p>
        
    </div>
        References and related information...
        <ul>
<li>
            SimpleTest project page on <a href="http://sourceforge.net/projects/simpletest/">SourceForge</a>.
        </li>
<li>
            SimpleTest download page on <a href="http://www.lastcraft.com/simple_test.php">LastCraft</a>.
        </li>
</ul>
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