Location: PHPKode > projects > Travelog > cliftonc-travelog-20c8822/system/libraries/drivers/Database.php
<?php defined('SYSPATH') OR die('No direct access allowed.');
/**
 * Database API driver
 *
 * $Id: Database.php 4343 2009-05-08 17:04:48Z jheathco $
 *
 * @package    Core
 * @author     Kohana Team
 * @copyright  (c) 2007-2008 Kohana Team
 * @license    http://kohanaphp.com/license.html
 */
abstract class Database_Driver {

	protected $query_cache;

	/**
	 * Connect to our database.
	 * Returns FALSE on failure or a MySQL resource.
	 *
	 * @return mixed
	 */
	abstract public function connect();

	/**
	 * Perform a query based on a manually written query.
	 *
	 * @param  string  SQL query to execute
	 * @return Database_Result
	 */
	abstract public function query($sql);

	/**
	 * Builds a DELETE query.
	 *
	 * @param   string  table name
	 * @param   array   where clause
	 * @return  string
	 */
	public function delete($table, $where)
	{
		return 'DELETE FROM '.$this->escape_table($table).' WHERE '.implode(' ', $where);
	}

	/**
	 * Builds an UPDATE query.
	 *
	 * @param   string  table name
	 * @param   array   key => value pairs
	 * @param   array   where clause
	 * @return  string
	 */
	public function update($table, $values, $where)
	{
		foreach ($values as $key => $val)
		{
			$valstr[] = $this->escape_column($key).' = '.$val;
		}
		return 'UPDATE '.$this->escape_table($table).' SET '.implode(', ', $valstr).' WHERE '.implode(' ',$where);
	}

	/**
	 * Set the charset using 'SET NAMES <charset>'.
	 *
	 * @param  string  character set to use
	 */
	public function set_charset($charset)
	{
		throw new Kohana_Database_Exception('database.not_implemented', __FUNCTION__);
	}

	/**
	 * Wrap the tablename in backticks, has support for: table.field syntax.
	 *
	 * @param   string  table name
	 * @return  string
	 */
	abstract public function escape_table($table);

	/**
	 * Escape a column/field name, has support for special commands.
	 *
	 * @param   string  column name
	 * @return  string
	 */
	abstract public function escape_column($column);

	/**
	 * Builds a WHERE portion of a query.
	 *
	 * @param   mixed    key
	 * @param   string   value
	 * @param   string   type
	 * @param   int      number of where clauses
	 * @param   boolean  escape the value
	 * @return  string
	 */
	public function where($key, $value, $type, $num_wheres, $quote)
	{
		$prefix = ($num_wheres == 0) ? '' : $type;

		if ($quote === -1)
		{
			$value = '';
		}
		else
		{
			if ($value === NULL)
			{
				if ( ! $this->has_operator($key))
				{
					$key .= ' IS';
				}

				$value = ' NULL';
			}
			elseif (is_bool($value))
			{
				if ( ! $this->has_operator($key))
				{
					$key .= ' =';
				}

				$value = ($value == TRUE) ? ' 1' : ' 0';
			}
			else
			{
				if ( ! $this->has_operator($key) AND ! empty($key))
				{
					$key = $this->escape_column($key).' =';
				}
				else
				{
					preg_match('/^(.+?)([<>!=]+|\bIS(?:\s+NULL))\s*$/i', $key, $matches);
					if (isset($matches[1]) AND isset($matches[2]))
					{
						$key = $this->escape_column(trim($matches[1])).' '.trim($matches[2]);
					}
				}

				$value = ' '.(($quote == TRUE) ? $this->escape($value) : $value);
			}
		}

		return $prefix.$key.$value;
	}

	/**
	 * Builds a LIKE portion of a query.
	 *
	 * @param   mixed    field name
	 * @param   string   value to match with field
	 * @param   boolean  add wildcards before and after the match
	 * @param   string   clause type (AND or OR)
	 * @param   int      number of likes
	 * @return  string
	 */
	public function like($field, $match, $auto, $type, $num_likes)
	{
		$prefix = ($num_likes == 0) ? '' : $type;

		$match = $this->escape_str($match);

		if ($auto === TRUE)
		{
			// Add the start and end quotes
			$match = '%'.str_replace('%', '\\%', $match).'%';
		}

		return $prefix.' '.$this->escape_column($field).' LIKE \''.$match . '\'';
	}

	/**
	 * Builds a NOT LIKE portion of a query.
	 *
	 * @param   mixed   field name
	 * @param   string  value to match with field
	 * @param   string  clause type (AND or OR)
	 * @param   int     number of likes
	 * @return  string
	 */
	public function notlike($field, $match, $auto, $type, $num_likes)
	{
		$prefix = ($num_likes == 0) ? '' : $type;

		$match = $this->escape_str($match);

		if ($auto === TRUE)
		{
			// Add the start and end quotes
			$match = '%'.$match.'%';
		}

		return $prefix.' '.$this->escape_column($field).' NOT LIKE \''.$match.'\'';
	}

	/**
	 * Builds a REGEX portion of a query.
	 *
	 * @param   string   field name
	 * @param   string   value to match with field
	 * @param   string   clause type (AND or OR)
	 * @param   integer  number of regexes
	 * @return  string
	 */
	public function regex($field, $match, $type, $num_regexs)
	{
		throw new Kohana_Database_Exception('database.not_implemented', __FUNCTION__);
	}

	/**
	 * Builds a NOT REGEX portion of a query.
	 *
	 * @param   string   field name
	 * @param   string   value to match with field
	 * @param   string   clause type (AND or OR)
	 * @param   integer  number of regexes
	 * @return  string
	 */
	public function notregex($field, $match, $type, $num_regexs)
	{
		throw new Kohana_Database_Exception('database.not_implemented', __FUNCTION__);
	}

	/**
	 * Builds an INSERT query.
	 *
	 * @param   string  table name
	 * @param   array   keys
	 * @param   array   values
	 * @return  string
	 */
	public function insert($table, $keys, $values)
	{
		// Escape the column names
		foreach ($keys as $key => $value)
		{
			$keys[$key] = $this->escape_column($value);
		}
		return 'INSERT INTO '.$this->escape_table($table).' ('.implode(', ', $keys).') VALUES ('.implode(', ', $values).')';
	}

	/**
	 * Builds a MERGE portion of a query.
	 *
	 * @param   string  table name
	 * @param   array   keys
	 * @param   array   values
	 * @return  string
	 */
	public function merge($table, $keys, $values)
	{
		throw new Kohana_Database_Exception('database.not_implemented', __FUNCTION__);
	}

	/**
	 * Builds a LIMIT portion of a query.
	 *
	 * @param   integer  limit
	 * @param   integer  offset
	 * @return  string
	 */
	abstract public function limit($limit, $offset = 0);

	/**
	 * Creates a prepared statement.
	 *
	 * @param   string  SQL query
	 * @return  Database_Stmt
	 */
	public function stmt_prepare($sql = '')
	{
		throw new Kohana_Database_Exception('database.not_implemented', __FUNCTION__);
	}

	/**
	 *  Compiles the SELECT statement.
	 *  Generates a query string based on which functions were used.
	 *  Should not be called directly, the get() function calls it.
	 *
	 * @param   array   select query values
	 * @return  string
	 */
	abstract public function compile_select($database);

	/**
	 * Determines if the string has an arithmetic operator in it.
	 *
	 * @param   string   string to check
	 * @return  boolean
	 */
	public function has_operator($str)
	{
		return (bool) preg_match('/[<>!=]|\sIS(?:\s+NOT\s+)?\b|BETWEEN/i', trim($str));
	}

	/**
	 * Escapes any input value.
	 *
	 * @param   mixed   value to escape
	 * @return  string
	 */
	public function escape($value)
	{
		if ( ! $this->db_config['escape'])
			return $value;

		switch (gettype($value))
		{
			case 'string':
				$value = '\''.$this->escape_str($value).'\'';
			break;
			case 'boolean':
				$value = (int) $value;
			break;
			case 'double':
				// Convert to non-locale aware float to prevent possible commas
				$value = sprintf('%F', $value);
			break;
			default:
				$value = ($value === NULL) ? 'NULL' : $value;
			break;
		}

		return (string) $value;
	}

	/**
	 * Escapes a string for a query.
	 *
	 * @param   mixed   value to escape
	 * @return  string
	 */
	abstract public function escape_str($str);

	/**
	 * Lists all tables in the database.
	 *
	 * @return  array
	 */
	abstract public function list_tables();

	/**
	 * Lists all fields in a table.
	 *
	 * @param   string  table name
	 * @return  array
	 */
	abstract function list_fields($table);

	/**
	 * Returns the last database error.
	 *
	 * @return  string
	 */
	abstract public function show_error();

	/**
	 * Returns field data about a table.
	 *
	 * @param   string  table name
	 * @return  array
	 */
	abstract public function field_data($table);

	/**
	 * Fetches SQL type information about a field, in a generic format.
	 *
	 * @param   string  field datatype
	 * @return  array
	 */
	protected function sql_type($str)
	{
		static $sql_types;

		if ($sql_types === NULL)
		{
			// Load SQL data types
			$sql_types = Kohana::config('sql_types');
		}

		$str = strtolower(trim($str));

		if (($open  = strpos($str, '(')) !== FALSE)
		{
			// Find closing bracket
			$close = strpos($str, ')', $open) - 1;

			// Find the type without the size
			$type = substr($str, 0, $open);
		}
		else
		{
			// No length
			$type = $str;
		}

		empty($sql_types[$type]) and exit
		(
			'Unknown field type: '.$type.'. '.
			'Please report this: http://trac.kohanaphp.com/newticket'
		);

		// Fetch the field definition
		$field = $sql_types[$type];

		switch ($field['type'])
		{
			case 'string':
			case 'float':
				if (isset($close))
				{
					// Add the length to the field info
					$field['length'] = substr($str, $open + 1, $close - $open);
				}
			break;
			case 'int':
				// Add unsigned value
				$field['unsigned'] = (strpos($str, 'unsigned') !== FALSE);
			break;
		}

		return $field;
	}

	/**
	 * Clears the internal query cache.
	 *
	 * @param  string  SQL query
	 */
	public function clear_cache($sql = NULL)
	{
		if (empty($sql))
		{
			$this->query_cache = array();
		}
		else
		{
			unset($this->query_cache[$this->query_hash($sql)]);
		}

		Kohana::log('debug', 'Database cache cleared: '.get_class($this));
	}

	/**
	 * Creates a hash for an SQL query string. Replaces newlines with spaces,
	 * trims, and hashes.
	 *
	 * @param   string  SQL query
	 * @return  string
	 */
	protected function query_hash($sql)
	{
		return sha1(str_replace("\n", ' ', trim($sql)));
	}

} // End Database Driver Interface

/**
 * Database_Result
 *
 */
abstract class Database_Result implements ArrayAccess, Iterator, Countable {

	// Result resource, insert id, and SQL
	protected $result;
	protected $insert_id;
	protected $sql;

	// Current and total rows
	protected $current_row = 0;
	protected $total_rows  = 0;

	// Fetch function and return type
	protected $fetch_type;
	protected $return_type;

	/**
	 * Returns the SQL used to fetch the result.
	 *
	 * @return  string
	 */
	public function sql()
	{
		return $this->sql;
	}

	/**
	 * Returns the insert id from the result.
	 *
	 * @return  mixed
	 */
	public function insert_id()
	{
		return $this->insert_id;
	}

	/**
	 * Prepares the query result.
	 *
	 * @param   boolean   return rows as objects
	 * @param   mixed     type
	 * @return  Database_Result
	 */
	abstract function result($object = TRUE, $type = FALSE);

	/**
	 * Builds an array of query results.
	 *
	 * @param   boolean   return rows as objects
	 * @param   mixed     type
	 * @return  array
	 */
	abstract function result_array($object = NULL, $type = FALSE);

	/**
	 * Gets the fields of an already run query.
	 *
	 * @return  array
	 */
	abstract public function list_fields();

	/**
	 * Seek to an offset in the results.
	 *
	 * @return  boolean
	 */
	abstract public function seek($offset);

	/**
	 * Countable: count
	 */
	public function count()
	{
		return $this->total_rows;
	}

	/**
	 * ArrayAccess: offsetExists
	 */
	public function offsetExists($offset)
	{
		if ($this->total_rows > 0)
		{
			$min = 0;
			$max = $this->total_rows - 1;

			return ! ($offset < $min OR $offset > $max);
		}

		return FALSE;
	}

	/**
	 * ArrayAccess: offsetGet
	 */
	public function offsetGet($offset)
	{
		if ( ! $this->seek($offset))
			return FALSE;

		// Return the row by calling the defined fetching callback
		return call_user_func($this->fetch_type, $this->result, $this->return_type);
	}

	/**
	 * ArrayAccess: offsetSet
	 *
	 * @throws  Kohana_Database_Exception
	 */
	final public function offsetSet($offset, $value)
	{
		throw new Kohana_Database_Exception('database.result_read_only');
	}

	/**
	 * ArrayAccess: offsetUnset
	 *
	 * @throws  Kohana_Database_Exception
	 */
	final public function offsetUnset($offset)
	{
		throw new Kohana_Database_Exception('database.result_read_only');
	}

	/**
	 * Iterator: current
	 */
	public function current()
	{
		return $this->offsetGet($this->current_row);
	}

	/**
	 * Iterator: key
	 */
	public function key()
	{
		return $this->current_row;
	}

	/**
	 * Iterator: next
	 */
	public function next()
	{
		++$this->current_row;
		return $this;
	}

	/**
	 * Iterator: prev
	 */
	public function prev()
	{
		--$this->current_row;
		return $this;
	}

	/**
	 * Iterator: rewind
	 */
	public function rewind()
	{
		$this->current_row = 0;
		return $this;
	}

	/**
	 * Iterator: valid
	 */
	public function valid()
	{
		return $this->offsetExists($this->current_row);
	}

} // End Database Result Interface
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