Location: PHPKode > projects > Shinobu > system/lib/utf8/utils/unicode.php
<?php

/**
* @version $Id: unicode.php,v 1.2 2006/02/26 13:20:44 harryf Exp $
* Tools for conversion between UTF-8 and unicode
* The Original Code is Mozilla Communicator client code.
* The Initial Developer of the Original Code is
* Netscape Communications Corporation.
* Portions created by the Initial Developer are Copyright (C) 1998
* the Initial Developer. All Rights Reserved.
* Ported to PHP by Henri Sivonen (http://hsivonen.iki.fi)
* Slight modifications to fit with phputf8 library by Harry Fuecks (hfuecks gmail com)
* @see http://lxr.mozilla.org/seamonkey/source/intl/uconv/src/nsUTF8ToUnicode.cpp
* @see http://lxr.mozilla.org/seamonkey/source/intl/uconv/src/nsUnicodeToUTF8.cpp
* @see http://hsivonen.iki.fi/php-utf8/
* @package utf8
* @subpackage unicode
*/

/**
* Takes an UTF-8 string and returns an array of ints representing the
* Unicode characters. Astral planes are supported ie. the ints in the
* output can be > 0xFFFF. Occurrances of the BOM are ignored. Surrogates
* are not allowed.
* Returns false if the input string isn't a valid UTF-8 octet sequence
* and raises a PHP error at level E_USER_WARNING
* Note: this function has been modified slightly in this library to
* trigger errors on encountering bad bytes
* @author <hide@address.com>
* @param string UTF-8 encoded string
* @return mixed array of unicode code points or FALSE if UTF-8 invalid
* @see utf8_from_unicode
* @see http://hsivonen.iki.fi/php-utf8/
* @package utf8
* @subpackage unicode
*/
function utf8_to_unicode($str)
{
	$mState = 0; // Cached expected number of octets after the current octet
	             // until the beginning of the next UTF8 character sequence
	$mUcs4  = 0; // Cached Unicode character
	$mBytes = 1; // Cached expected number of octets in the current sequence

	$out = array();
	$len = strlen($str);

	for($i = 0; $i < $len; $i++)
	{
		$in = ord($str{$i});

		if ($mState == 0)
		{
			// When mState is zero we expect either a US-ASCII character or a multi-octet sequence.
			if (0 == (0x80 & ($in)))
			{
				// US-ASCII, pass straight through.
				$out[] = $in;
				$mBytes = 1;
			}
			else if (0xC0 == (0xE0 & ($in)))
			{
				// First octet of 2 octet sequence
				$mUcs4 = ($in);
				$mUcs4 = ($mUcs4 & 0x1F) << 6;
				$mState = 1;
				$mBytes = 2;
			}
			else if (0xE0 == (0xF0 & ($in)))
			{
				// First octet of 3 octet sequence
				$mUcs4 = ($in);
				$mUcs4 = ($mUcs4 & 0x0F) << 12;
				$mState = 2;
				$mBytes = 3;
			}
			else if (0xF0 == (0xF8 & ($in)))
			{
				// First octet of 4 octet sequence
				$mUcs4 = ($in);
				$mUcs4 = ($mUcs4 & 0x07) << 18;
				$mState = 3;
				$mBytes = 4;
			}
			else if (0xF8 == (0xFC & ($in)))
			{
				/* First octet of 5 octet sequence.
				*
				* This is illegal because the encoded codepoint must be either
				* (a) not the shortest form or
				* (b) outside the Unicode range of 0-0x10FFFF.
				* Rather than trying to resynchronize, we will carry on until the end
				* of the sequence and let the later error handling code catch it.
				*/
				$mUcs4 = ($in);
				$mUcs4 = ($mUcs4 & 0x03) << 24;
				$mState = 4;
				$mBytes = 5;
			}
			else if (0xFC == (0xFE & ($in)))
			{
				// First octet of 6 octet sequence, see comments for 5 octet sequence.
				$mUcs4 = ($in);
				$mUcs4 = ($mUcs4 & 1) << 30;
				$mState = 5;
				$mBytes = 6;
			}
			else
			{
				/* Current octet is neither in the US-ASCII range nor a legal first octet of a multi-octet sequence. */
				trigger_error('utf8_to_unicode: Illegal sequence identifier in UTF-8 at byte '.$i, E_USER_WARNING);
				return false;
			}
		}
		else
		{
			// When mState is non-zero, we expect a continuation of the multi-octet sequence
			if (0x80 == (0xC0 & ($in)))
			{
				// Legal continuation.
				$shift = ($mState - 1) * 6;
				$tmp = $in;
				$tmp = ($tmp & 0x0000003F) << $shift;
				$mUcs4 |= $tmp;

				/**
				* End of the multi-octet sequence. mUcs4 now contains the final
				* Unicode codepoint to be output
				*/
				if (0 == --$mState)
				{
					/*
					* Check for illegal sequences and codepoints.
					*/
					// From Unicode 3.1, non-shortest form is illegal
					if (((2 == $mBytes) && ($mUcs4 < 0x0080)) || ((3 == $mBytes) && ($mUcs4 < 0x0800)) ||
					((4 == $mBytes) && ($mUcs4 < 0x10000)) || (4 < $mBytes) ||
					// From Unicode 3.2, surrogate characters are illegal
					(($mUcs4 & 0xFFFFF800) == 0xD800) ||
					// Codepoints outside the Unicode range are illegal
					($mUcs4 > 0x10FFFF))
					{
						trigger_error('utf8_to_unicode: Illegal sequence or codepoint in UTF-8 at byte '.$i, E_USER_WARNING);
						return false;
					}

					// BOM is legal but we don't want to output it
					if (0xFEFF != $mUcs4)
						$out[] = $mUcs4;

					// Initialize UTF8 cache
					$mState = 0;
					$mUcs4  = 0;
					$mBytes = 1;
				}

			}
			else
			{
				/* ((0xC0 & (*in) != 0x80) && (mState != 0))
				Incomplete multi-octet sequence. */
				trigger_error('utf8_to_unicode: Incomplete multi-octet sequence in UTF-8 at byte '.$i, E_USER_WARNING);
				return false;
			}
		}
	}

	return $out;
}

/**
* Takes an array of ints representing the Unicode characters and returns
* a UTF-8 string. Astral planes are supported ie. the ints in the
* input can be > 0xFFFF. Occurrances of the BOM are ignored. Surrogates
* are not allowed.
* Returns false if the input array contains ints that represent
* surrogates or are outside the Unicode range
* and raises a PHP error at level E_USER_WARNING
* Note: this function has been modified slightly in this library to use
* output buffering to concatenate the UTF-8 string (faster) as well as
* reference the array by it's keys
* @param array of unicode code points representing a string
* @return mixed UTF-8 string or FALSE if array contains invalid code points
* @author <hide@address.com>
* @see utf8_to_unicode
* @see http://hsivonen.iki.fi/php-utf8/
* @package utf8
* @subpackage unicode
*/
function utf8_from_unicode($arr)
{
	ob_start();

	foreach (array_keys($arr) as $k)
	{
		if ( ($arr[$k] >= 0) && ($arr[$k] <= 0x007f) ) // ASCII range (including control chars)
		{
			echo chr($arr[$k]);
		}
		else if ($arr[$k] <= 0x07ff) //2 byte sequence
		{
			echo chr(0xc0 | ($arr[$k] >> 6));
			echo chr(0x80 | ($arr[$k] & 0x003f));
		}
		else if($arr[$k] == 0xFEFF) // Byte order mark (skip)
		{
			// Nop -- zap the BOM
		}
		else if ($arr[$k] >= 0xD800 && $arr[$k] <= 0xDFFF) // Test for illegal surrogates
		{
			// Found a surrogate
			trigger_error('utf8_from_unicode: Illegal surrogate at index: '.$k.', value: '.$arr[$k], E_USER_WARNING);

			return false;
		}
		else if ($arr[$k] <= 0xffff) // 3 byte sequence
		{
			echo chr(0xe0 | ($arr[$k] >> 12));
			echo chr(0x80 | (($arr[$k] >> 6) & 0x003f));
			echo chr(0x80 | ($arr[$k] & 0x003f));
		}
		else if ($arr[$k] <= 0x10ffff) // 4 byte sequence
		{
			echo chr(0xf0 | ($arr[$k] >> 18));
			echo chr(0x80 | (($arr[$k] >> 12) & 0x3f));
			echo chr(0x80 | (($arr[$k] >> 6) & 0x3f));
			echo chr(0x80 | ($arr[$k] & 0x3f));
		}
		else
		{
			trigger_error('utf8_from_unicode: Codepoint out of Unicode range at index: '.$k.', value: '.$arr[$k], E_USER_WARNING);

			// Out of range
			return false;
		}
	}

	$result = ob_get_contents();
	ob_end_clean();
	return $result;
}
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