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    <td valign="top" bgcolor="#FFFFFF"><p class="parrafo">The rules to understand the way the words are written in &quot;readenglish&quot; are based in the principle of respecting as much as possible the way they are. If you hesitate in more than one way of describing the word, use the most similar to the written form in English. Remember also that accents help a lot to pronounce correctly</p> 
      <p><strong>Regularization of the consonants: </strong></p> 
      <ul> 
        <li>The letter c has two sounds:
          <ul> 
            <li>c in similar sound to k (like in cat (kat)) is let as it is. </li> 
            <li>c in similar sound to s (like in pacific (pasific)) is written with an extra s (pacsific). </li> 
          </ul> 
        </li> 
        <li>The letter g has two sounds:
          <ul> 
            <li>g in similar sound to 'y' or 'j' before e or i, is written with an extra j. (general is now gjeneral) </li> 
            <li>g in its own sound is written with an extra h. (i.e.: egg is now eghgh)</li> 
            <li>g before a, o, u, h, l or r is let as it is. </li>
          </ul> 
        </li> 
        <li>The letter r always has soft sound. But has three possibilities:
          <ul> 
            <li>r at the beginning of the word. We will add an extra h to remember is soft (road is now rhoad). </li> 
            <li>r between vowels is let as it is. </li> 
            <li>r after vowel, but not between, makes the vowel longer and does not sound. </li> 
          </ul> 
        </li> 
        <li>The letter t has three sounds similars to other phonemes:
          <ul> 
            <li>t in similar sound to s (like in imagination (imaginasion)) is written with an extra s (imaginatsion) . </li> 
            <li>th in similar sound to dz (like in those (dzose) is written with an extra z (thzose).</li> 
            <li>t in similar sound to r (like in mosquito (mosquiro)) is let as it is. </li> 
          </ul> 
        </li> 
        <li>h is not pronounced except if it is at the beginning of a word or when it is in a compound word.</li> 
        <li>x is let as it is but it can have similar sound to s. </li> 
        <li>z is let as it is but it can have similar sound to s. </li> 
      </ul> 
      <p><strong>Combination of consonants </strong></p> 
      <ul> 
        <li>The letters ch have two sounds:
          <ul> 
            <li>ch in similar sound to tx (like in charming (txarming)) is let as it is. </li> 
            <li>ch in similar sound to k (like in chemist (kemist)) is written with an extra c before (cchemist). </li> 
          </ul> 
        </li> 
        <li>ft in similar sound to f is let as it is (often (ofen)).</li> 
        <li>gua, gue, gui are pronounced as gha, ghe, ghi (guarantie, guess, guitar) but they are not modified. If they were pronounced different, we will add and extra h: ghua, ghue, ghui. </li> 
        <li>gue at the end of the word is pronounced gh and is changed to gu&middot; (prologue is now prologu&middot;). </li>
        <li>que at the end of the word is pronounced k and is changed to qu&middot; (cheque is now chequ&middot;). </li>
        <li>lk in similar sound as k is let as it is (talk (tak), walk (wak)).</li> 
        <li>ph in similar sound to f is let as it is (pharmacy (farmacy)).</li> 
        <li>st in similar sound to s is let as it is (listen (lisen)).</li>
        <li>wh in similar sound to w except in who where it has the same sound as ho, but is let as it is (where (were), who (ho)).</li> 
      </ul> 
      <p><strong>Pronunciation of consonants </strong></p> 
      <ul> 
        <li>The way in which words are modified to include clues about pronounciation may turn out many consonats toghether.</li> 
          <li>Consonants toghether have to be joined in one only sound. Do not try to pronounce all the consonants. Mix them.</li> 
        <li>The letter h after a consonant makes the consonant softer. In some cases its sounds dissapear, like happends to the r after vowel (not between). This specially occurs with the t and the g.</li> 
      </ul> 
      <p><strong>Suppression of vowels not pronounced: </strong></p> 
      <ul> 
        <li>The vowel e is replaced by '&middot;' in the places where it exists but is not pronounced (now home is written hom&middot;). </li>
      </ul> 
      <p><strong>Accents </strong></p> 
      <ul> 
        <li><strong>Diphthongs</strong>, which are two vowels together that are pronounced as only one, <strong>are treated as vowel</strong>.
          <ul>
            <li>If two vowels together are not diphthong they are separated by duplicating the vowel that better breaks or by the signs : if proceed.</li>
          </ul>
        </li> 
        <li>Words with <strong>one vowel</strong> do not have accent . </li> 
        <li>Words with <strong>two vowels</strong> only have accent if it is in the last vowel. It is indicated with one ' at the end of the word. (forget is written as forget'). </li> 
        <li>Words with <strong>three vowels</strong> have accent if it is in the last vowel, it is indicated with one ' at the end of the word. Or in the first, it is indicated with one ' at the beginning of the word (animal which has three vowel because, and has accent at the beginning 'animal). </li>
        <li>Words <strong>with more than three vowels</strong> follow the rule of the three vowels words but at the beginning we put so many ' as we have up to the vowel with the accent. (professional has accent in the second vowel, so it is written as ''professional). </li>
        <li>We never indicate accent in the vowel before the last. </li> 
        <li>Letter y is not a vowel. </li> 
        <li>Words can be modified by some suffixes that could alter the accent when it is in last or before last vowel.</li> 
      </ul> 
      <p><strong>Pronunciation of vowels </strong></p> 
      <ul> 
        <li>There are three ways of pronouncing a vowel:        </li> 
        <li><strong>Latin vowels</strong> (<em>nothing</em>): There are only five:
            <ul>
              <li>a</li>
              <li>e</li>
              <li>i</li>
              <li>o</li>
              <li>u</li>
            </ul>
        </li>
        <li><strong>Named vowel</strong> (upper case): Are pronounced as join of Latin vowel:
            <ul>
              <li>A (e-i / eh-ee), </li>
              <li>E (i / ee), </li>
              <li>I (a-i / ah-ee), </li>
              <li>O (o-u / oh-oo), </li>
              <li>U (i-u / ee-oo) </li>
              <li>and Y (a-i / ah-ee).</li>
              <li>A word that starts with uppercase will have . before to indicate that it is Latin vowel. </li>
            </ul>
        </li>
        <li><strong>Closed aous</strong> (:):
              <ul>
                <li>a can be pronounced as a &quot;closed o&quot;</li>
                <li>o can be pronounces as a &quot;closed a&quot;</li>
                <li>u can be pronounced as an &quot;closed u&quot;</li>
                <li>: is located before the vowel to indicate its way of pronouncing. </li>
              </ul>
        </li>
      </ul> 
      <p><strong>Pronunciation of the diphthongs </strong></p> 
      <p class="parrafo">They have to be like the sound we describe with Latin vowels, but making them as fast as a single vowel: </p>  
        <table width="100%"  border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td><div align="left"><strong>Diphthongs</strong></div></td> 
            <td><div align="left"><strong>&nbsp;We do not put symbol or . before if upper case</strong></div></td> 
            <td><div align="left"><strong>&nbsp;We put the upper case character </strong></div></td> 
            <td><div align="left"><strong>&nbsp;We put : before the character </strong></div></td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="texto_grande"> <li>aa</li></td> 
            <td>a <em>(break diphthong)</em></td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="texto_grande"> <li><strong>ae</strong></li></td> 
            <td><strong>i </strong>(anaemic) </td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="texto_grande"> <li><strong>ai</strong></li></td> 
            <td><strong>ei</strong> (wait)</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="texto_grande"><li><strong>ao</strong></li></td> 
            <td><strong>o</strong> (''extraordinary)</td> 
            <td><strong>eio</strong> (cchAos) </td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="linea"><li><strong class="texto_grande">au</strong></li></td> 
            <td><strong>ou</strong> (cause)</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="texto_grande"><li><strong>ea</strong></li></td> 
            <td><strong>e</strong> (wheather)</td> 
            <td><strong>i </strong> (bEan)</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="texto_grande"><li><strong>ee</strong></li></td> 
            <td><strong>i</strong> (sheep) </td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="texto_grande"><li>ei</li></td> 
            <td>ei (eight)</td> 
            <td><strong>i</strong> (bEing) </td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="texto_grande"><li><strong class="texto_grande">eo</strong></li></td> 
            <td> <strong>i</strong> (peopl&middot;)</td>
            <td><strong>io</strong> (vidEo) </td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="linea"><li><strong class="texto_grande">eu</strong></li></td> 
            <td><strong>iu</strong> (euro)</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="texto_grande"><li>ia</li></td> 
            <td>ia (familiar)</td> 
            <td><strong>aia</strong> (lIar) </td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="texto_grande"><li>ie</li></td> 
            <td>ie (friend)</td> 
            <td><strong>aie</strong> (dIet)</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="texto_grande"><li>ii</li></td> 
            <td>i <em>(break diphthong)</em></td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="texto_grande"><li>io</li></td> 
            <td>io (attention)</td> 
            <td><strong>aio</strong> (lIon)</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="linea"><li>iu</li></td> 
            <td>iu (medium)</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="texto_grande"><li><strong class="texto_grande">oa</strong></li></td> 
            <td><strong>ou</strong> (coast)</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="texto_grande"><li><strong class="texto_grande">oe</strong></li></td> 
            <td><strong>ou</strong> (toe) </td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="texto_grande"><li>oi</li></td> 
            <td>oi (toilet) </td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
            <td><strong>a</strong> ('rhEserv:oir)</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="texto_grande"><li><strong class="texto_grande">oo</strong></li></td> 
            <td><strong>u</strong> (book) </td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="linea"><li><strong class="texto_grande">ou</strong></li></td> 
            <td><strong>u</strong> (you)</td> 
            <td><strong>o</strong>(shOuld)</td> 
            <td><strong>au</strong> (h:ous&middot;)</td>
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="texto_grande"><li>ua</li></td> 
            <td>ua (quality)</td> 
            <td><strong>iua</strong> (casUal)</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="texto_grande"><li>ue</li></td> 
            <td>ue (query)</td> 
            <td><strong>iu</strong> (revenUe) </td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="texto_grande"><li>ui</li></td> 
            <td>ui (fruit)</td> 
            <td><strong>iu</strong> (pursUit)</td> 
            <td><strong>ai</strong> (g:uid&middot;)</td>
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="texto_grande"><li>uo</li></td> 
            <td>uo (quote)</td> 
            <td><strong>iuo</strong>(''continUous)</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="linea"><li>uu</li></td> 
            <td>u<em> (break diphthong)</em></td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
          <tr valign="top"> 
            <td class="texto_grande"> <li>iou</li></td> 
            <td><strong>io</strong> (delicsious) </td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
            <td>&nbsp;</td> 
          </tr> 
        </table>
      <p class="parrafo">&nbsp;</p> 
      <p><strong>Exceptions</strong></p> 
      <ul> 
        <li>There are words written so different to their sound that cannot be arranged. They will have a sign / before the word. </li> 
      </ul></td> 
  </tr> 
</table> 
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