Location: PHPKode > projects > php-opencloud > php-opencloud-master/lib/openstack.inc
<?php
/**
 * The OpenStack connection/cloud class
 *
 * @copyright 2012 Rackspace Hosting, Inc.
 * See COPYING for licensing information
 *
 * @package phpOpenCloud
 * @version 1.0
 * @author Glen Campbell <hide@address.com>
 */

namespace OpenCloud;

require_once('base.inc');
require_once('objectstore.inc');
require_once('compute.inc');
require_once('volumeservice.inc');

/**
 * The OpenStack class represents a relationship (or "connection")
 * between a user and a service.
 *
 * This is the primary entry point into an OpenStack system, and the only one
 * where the developer is required to know and provide the endpoint URL (in
 * all other cases, the endpoint is derived from the Service Catalog provided
 * by the authentication system).
 *
 * Since various providers have different mechanisms for authentication, users
 * will often use a subclass of OpenStack. For example, the Rackspace
 * class is provided for users of Rackspace's cloud services, and other cloud
 * providers are welcome to add their own subclasses as well.
 *
 * General usage example:
 * <code>
 *  $username = 'My Username';
 *  $secret = 'My Secret';
 *  $connection = new OpenCloud\OpenStack($username, $secret);
 *  // having established the connection, we can set some defaults
 *  // this sets the default name and region of the Compute service
 *  $connection->SetDefaults('Compute', 'cloudServersOpenStack', 'ORD');
 *  // access a Compute service
 *  $chicago = $connection->Compute();
 *  // if we want to access a different service, we can:
 *  $dallas = $connection->Compute('cloudServersOpenStack', 'DFW');
 * </code>
 *
 * @author Glen Campbell <hide@address.com>
 * @version 1.0
 */
class OpenStack extends \OpenCloud\Base {

	public
	    /**
	     * This holds the HTTP User-Agent: used for all requests to the
	     * services. It is public so that, if necessary, it can be entirely
	     * overridden by the developer. However, it's strongly recomended
	     * that you use the OpenStack::AppendUserAgent() method to APPEND
	     * your own User Agent identifier to the end of this string; the
	     * user agent information can be very valuable to service providers
	     * to track who is using their service.
	     */
		$useragent=RAXSDK_USER_AGENT;

	protected
		$url,
		$secret=array(),
		$token,
		$expiration=0,
		$tenant,
		$ServiceCatalog,
		/**
		 * This associative array holds default values used to identify each
		 * service (and to select it from the Service Catalog). Use the
		 * Compute::SetDefaults() method to change the default values, or
		 * define the global constants (for example, RAXSDK_COMPUTE_NAME)
		 * BEFORE loading the OpenCloud library:
		 *
		 * <code>
		 * define('RAXSDK_COMPUTE_NAME', 'cloudServersOpenStack');
		 * include('openstack.inc');
		 * </code>
		 */
		$defaults=array(
		    'Compute' => array(
		        'name' => RAXSDK_COMPUTE_NAME,
		        'region' => RAXSDK_COMPUTE_REGION,
		        'urltype' => RAXSDK_COMPUTE_URLTYPE
		    ),
		    'ObjectStore' => array(
		        'name' => RAXSDK_OBJSTORE_NAME,
		        'region' => RAXSDK_OBJSTORE_REGION,
		        'urltype' => RAXSDK_OBJSTORE_URLTYPE
		    ),
		    'DbService' => array(
		    	'name' => RAXSDK_DATABASE_NAME,
		    	'region' => RAXSDK_DATABASE_REGION,
		    	'urltype' => RAXSDK_DATABASE_URLTYPE
		    ),
		    'VolumeService' => array(
		    	'name' => RAXSDK_VOLUME_NAME,
		    	'region' => RAXSDK_VOLUME_REGION,
		    	'urltype' => RAXSDK_VOLUME_URLTYPE
		    ),
		    'LoadBalancerService' => array(
		    	'name' => RAXSDK_LBSERVICE_NAME,
		    	'region' => RAXSDK_LBSERVICE_REGION,
		    	'urltype' => RAXSDK_LBSERVICE_URLTYPE
		    )
		),
		$connect_timeout=RAXSDK_CONNECTTIMEOUT,
		$http_timeout=RAXSDK_TIMEOUT,
		$overlimit_timeout=RAXSDK_OVERLIMIT_TIMEOUT;

	private
		$template = <<<ENDAUTHTEMPLATE
{
  "auth": {
    "passwordCredentials": {
      "username":"%s",
      "password":"%s"
    }
  }
}
ENDAUTHTEMPLATE
,
		$_user_write_progress_callback_func,
		$_user_read_progress_callback_func,
		/**
		 * Tracks file descriptors used by streaming downloads
		 *
		 * This will permit multiple simultaneous streaming downloads; the
		 * key is the URL of the object, and the value is its file descriptor.
		 *
		 * To prevent memory overflows, each array element is deleted when
		 * the end of the file is reached.
		 */
		$_file_descriptors = array();

    /**
     * Creates a new OpenStack object
     *
     * The OpenStack object needs two bits of information: the URL to
     * authenticate against, and a "secret", which is an associative array
     * of name/value pairs. Usually, the secret will be a username and a
     * password, but other values may be required by different authentication
     * systems. For example, OpenStack Keystone requires a username and
     * password, but Rackspace uses a username, tenant ID, and API key.
     * (See OpenCloud\Rackspace for that.)
     *
     * @param string $url - the authentication endpoint URL
     * @param array $secret - an associative array of auth information:
     * * username
     * * password
     */
	public function __construct($url, $secret) {
		$this->debug(_('initializing'));
		$this->url = $url;
		$this->secret = $secret;
	}

	/**
	 * Returns the URL of this object
	 *
	 * @api
	 * @return string
	 */
	public function Url() {
		return noslash($this->url) . '/tokens';
	}

    /**
     * Returns the stored secret
     *
     * @return array
     */
	public function Secret() {
		return $this->secret;
	}

    /**
     * Returns the cached token; if it has expired, then it re-authenticates
     *
     * @api
     * @return string
     */
	public function Token() {
		if (time() > ($this->expiration-RAXSDK_FUDGE))
			$this->Authenticate();
		return $this->token;
	}

    /**
     * Returns the tenant ID, re-authenticating if necessary
     *
     * @api
     * @return string
     */
	public function Tenant() {
		if (time() > ($this->expiration-RAXSDK_FUDGE))
			$this->Authenticate();
		return $this->tenant;
	}

    /**
     * Returns the service catalog object from the auth service
     *
     * @return \stdClass
     */
	public function ServiceCatalog() {
		if (time() > ($this->expiration-RAXSDK_FUDGE))
			$this->Authenticate();
		return $this->ServiceCatalog;
	}

	/**
	 * Returns a Collection of objects with information on services
	 *
	 * Note that these are informational (read-only) and are not actually
	 * 'Service'-class objects.
	 */
	public function ServiceList() {
		return new Collection(
			$this, 'ServiceCatalogItem', $this->ServiceCatalog());
	}

    /**
     * Creates and returns the formatted credentials to POST to the auth
     * service.
     *
     * @return string
     */
	public function Credentials() {
		if (isset($this->secret['username']) &&
            isset($this->secret['password']))
			return sprintf(
				$this->template,
				$this->secret['username'],
				$this->secret['password']);
		else
			throw new CredentialError(
				_('Unrecognized credential secret'));
	}

	/**
	 * Authenticates using the supplied credentials
	 *
	 * @api
	 * @return void
	 * @throws AuthenticationError
	 */
	public function Authenticate() {
		// try to auth
		$response = $this->Request(
			$this->Url(),
			'POST',
			array('Content-Type'=>'application/json'),
			$this->Credentials()
		);
		$json = $response->HttpBody();

		// check for errors
		if ($response->HttpStatus() >= 400) {
			throw new AuthenticationError(
				sprintf(_('Authentication failure, status [%d], response [%s]'),
					$response->HttpStatus(), $json));
		}

		// save the token information as well as the ServiceCatalog
		$resp = json_decode($json);
		if ($this->CheckJsonError())
			return FALSE;
        $this->token = $resp->access->token->id;
        $this->expiration = strtotime($resp->access->token->expires);
        $this->tenant = $resp->access->token->tenant->id;
        /**
         * Note the different capitalization; I'm trying to use CamelCase
         * consistently in these bindings, but the actual serviceCatalog is
         * how OpenStack returns it.
         */
        $this->ServiceCatalog = $resp->access->serviceCatalog;
	}

    /**
     * Performs a single HTTP request
     *
     * The request() method is one of the most frequently-used in the entire
     * library. It performs an HTTP request using the specified URL, method,
     * and with the supplied headers and body. It handles error and
     * exceptions for the request.
     *
     * @api
     * @param string url - the URL of the request
     * @param string method - the HTTP method (defaults to GET)
     * @param array headers - an associative array of headers
     * @param string data - either a string or a resource (file pointer) to
     *		use as the
     *		request body (for PUT or POST)
     * @return HttpResponse object
     * @throws HttpOverLimitError, HttpUnauthorizedError, HttpForbiddenError
     */
    public function Request($url,$method='GET',$headers=array(),$data=NULL) {
    	$this->debug(_('Resource [%s] method [%s] body [%s]'),
    	    $url, $method, $data);

        // get the request object
	    $http = $this->GetHttpRequestObject($url, $method);

        // set various options
        $this->debug(_('Headers: [%s]'), print_r($headers,TRUE));
        $http->setheaders($headers);
        $http->SetHttpTimeout($this->http_timeout);
        $http->SetConnectTimeout($this->connect_timeout);
        $http->SetOption(CURLOPT_USERAGENT, $this->useragent);

        // data can be either a resource or a string
        if (is_resource($data)) { 	// loading from or writing to a file
        	// set the appropriate callback functions
        	switch($method) {
        	case 'GET':
        		// need to save the file descriptor
        		$this->_file_descriptors[$url] = $data;
        		// set the CURL options
        		$http->SetOption(CURLOPT_FILE, $data);
        		$http->SetOption(CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION,
        		    array($this, '_write_cb'));
        		break;
        	case 'PUT':
        	case 'POST':
        		// need to save the file descriptor
        		$this->_file_descriptors[$url] = $data;
				if (!isset($headers['Content-Length']))
					throw new HttpError(
						_('The Content-Length: header must be specified '.
						  'for file uploads'));
				$http->SetOption(CURLOPT_UPLOAD, TRUE);
				$http->SetOption(CURLOPT_INFILE, $data);
				$http->SetOption(CURLOPT_INFILESIZE,
				    $headers['Content-Length']);
        		$http->SetOption(CURLOPT_READFUNCTION,
        		    array($this, '_read_cb'));
        		break;
        	default:
        		// do nothing
        	}
        }
        elseif (is_string($data))
            $http->SetOption(CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $data);
        elseif (isset($data))
        	throw new HttpError(
        		_('Unrecognized data type for PUT/POST body, '.
        		  'must be string or resource'));

        // perform the HTTP request; returns an HttpResult object
        $response = $http->Execute();

        // handle and retry on overlimit errors
        if ($response->HttpStatus() == 413) {
            $obj = json_decode($response->HttpBody());
            if (!$this->CheckJsonError()) {
                if (isset($obj->overLimit)) {
                	/**
                	 * @TODO(glen) - The documentation says "retryAt", but
                	 * the field returned is "retryAfter". If the doc changes,
                	 * then there's no problem, but we'll need to fix this if
                	 * they change the code to match the docs.
                	 */
                    $retry_s = $obj->overLimit->retryAfter;
                    $retry_t = strtotime($retry_s);
                    $sleep_interval = $retry_t - time();
                    if ($sleep_interval <= $this->overlimit_timeout) {
                        sleep($sleep_interval);
                        $response = $http->Execute();
                    }
                    else {
                        throw new HttpOverlimitError(
                            sprintf(_('Over limit; next available request '.
                                '[%s][%s] is not '.
                                'for [%d] seconds at [%s]'),
                                $method,
                                $url,
                                $sleep_interval,
                                $retry_s));
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        // do some common error checking
        switch($response->HttpStatus()) {
        case 401:
        	throw new HttpUnauthorizedError(
        		sprintf(_('401 Unauthorized for [%s] [%s]'),
        			$url, $response->HttpBody()));
        	break;
        case 403:
        	throw new HttpForbiddenError(
        		sprintf(_('403 Forbidden for [%s] [%s]'),
        			$url, $response->HttpBody()));
        	break;
        case 413:   // limit
            throw new HttpOverlimitError(
                sprintf(_('413 Over limit for [%s] [%s]'),
                    $url, $response->HttpBody()));
            break;
        default:
            // everything is fine here, we're fine, how are you?
        }

        // free the handle
        $http->close();

        // return the HttpResponse object
		$this->debug(_('HTTP STATUS [%s]'), $response->HttpStatus());
		return $response;
    }

    /**
     * Allows the user to append a user agent string
     *
     * Programs that are using these bindings are encouraged to add their
     * user agent to the one supplied by this SDK. This will permit cloud
     * providers to track users so that they can provide better service.
     *
     * @api
     * @param string $agent an arbitrary user-agent string; e.g. "My Cloud App"
     * @return void
     */
    public function AppendUserAgent($agent) {
    	$this->useragent .= ';'.$agent;
    }

    /**
     * Sets default values for name, region, URL type for a service
     *
     * Once these are set (and they can also be set by defining global
     * constants), then you do not need to specify these values when
     * creating new service objects.
     *
     * @api
     * @param string $service the name of a supported service; e.g. 'Compute'
     * @param string $name the service name; e.g., 'cloudServersOpenStack'
     * @param string $region the region name; e.g., 'LON'
     * @param string $urltype the type of URL to use; e.g., 'internalURL'
     * @return void
     * @throws UnrecognizedServiceError
     */
    public function SetDefaults($service,
        $name=NULL, $region=NULL, $urltype=NULL) {

        if (!isset($this->defaults[$service]))
            throw new UnrecognizedServiceError(sprintf(
                _('Service [%s] is not recognized'), $service));

        if (isset($name))
            $this->defaults[$service]['name'] = $name;
        if (isset($region))
            $this->defaults[$service]['region'] = $region;
        if (isset($urltype))
            $this->defaults[$service]['urltype'] = $urltype;
    }

    /**
     * Sets the timeouts for the current connection
     *
     * @api
     * @param integer $t_http the HTTP timeout value (the max period that
     *      the OpenStack object will wait for any HTTP request to complete).
     *      Value is in seconds.
     * @param integer $t_conn the Connect timeout value (the max period
     *      that the OpenStack object will wait to establish an HTTP
     *      connection). Value is in seconds.
     * @param integer $t_overlimit the overlimit timeout value (the max period
     *      that the OpenStack object will wait to retry on an overlimit
     *      condition). Value is in seconds.
     * @return void
     */
    public function SetTimeouts($t_http, $t_conn=NULL, $t_overlimit=NULL) {
        $this->http_timeout = $t_http;
        if (isset($t_conn))
            $this->connect_timeout = $t_conn;
        if (isset($t_overlimit))
            $this->overlimit_timeout = $t_overlimit;
    }

    /**
     * Allows the user to define a function for tracking uploads
     *
     * This can be used to implement a progress bar or similar function. The
     * callback function is called with a single parameter, the length of the
     * data that is being uploaded on this call.
     *
     * @param callable $callback the name of a global callback function, or an
     *		array($object, $functionname)
     * @return void
     */
    public function SetUploadProgressCallback($callback) {
    	$this->_user_write_progress_callback_func = $callback;
    }

    /**
     * Allows the user to define a function for tracking downloads
     *
     * This can be used to implement a progress bar or similar function. The
     * callback function is called with a single parameter, the length of the
     * data that is being downloaded on this call.
     *
     * @param callable $callback the name of a global callback function, or an
     *		array($object, $functionname)
     * @return void
     */
    public function SetDownloadProgressCallback($callback) {
    	$this->_user_read_progress_callback_func = $callback;
    }

	/**
	 * Callback function to handle reads for file uploads
	 *
	 * Internal function for handling file uploads. Note that, although this
	 * function's visibility is public, this is only because it must be called
	 * from the HttpRequest interface. This should NOT be called by users
	 * directly.
	 *
	 * @param resource $ch a CURL handle
	 * @param resource $fd a file descriptor
	 * @param integer $length the amount of data to read
	 * @return string the data read
	 */
    public function _read_cb($ch, $fd, $length)
    {
        $data = fread($fd, $length);
        $len = strlen($data);
        if (isset($this->_user_write_progress_callback_func)) {
            call_user_func($this->_user_write_progress_callback_func, $len);
        }
        return $data;
    }

	/**
	 * Callback function to handle writes for file downloads
	 *
	 * Internal function for handling file downloads. Note that, although this
	 * function's visibility is public, this is only because it must be called
	 * via the HttpRequest interface. This should NOT be called by users
	 * directly.
	 *
	 * @param resource $ch a CURL handle
	 * @param string $data the data to be written to a file
	 * @return integer the number of bytes written
	 */
    public function _write_cb($ch, $data)
    {
    	$url = curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_EFFECTIVE_URL);
    	if (!isset($this->_file_descriptors[$url]))
    		throw new HttpUrlError(sprintf(
    			_('Cannot find file descriptor for URL [%s]'), $url));
    	$fp = $this->_file_descriptors[$url];
        $dlen = strlen($data);
        fwrite($fp, $data, $dlen);

		// call used callback function
        if (isset($this->_user_read_progress_callback_func)) {
            call_user_func($this->_user_read_progress_callback_func, $dlen);
        }

        // MUST return the length to CURL
        return $dlen;
    }

    /********** FACTORY METHODS **********/

    /**
     * These methods are provided to permit easy creation of services
     * (for example, Nova or Swift) from a connection object. As new
     * services are supported, factory methods should be provided here.
     */

    /**
     * Creates a new ObjectStore object (Swift/Cloud Files)
     *
     * @api
     * @param string $name the name of the Object Storage service to attach to
     * @param string $region the name of the region to use
     * @param string $urltype the URL type (normally "publicURL")
     * @return ObjectStore
     */
    public function ObjectStore($name=NULL, $region=NULL, $urltype=NULL) {
        return $this->Service('ObjectStore', $name, $region, $urltype);
    }

    /**
     * Creates a new Compute object (Nova/Cloud Servers)
     *
     * @api
     * @param string $name the name of the Compute service to attach to
     * @param string $region the name of the region to use
     * @param string $urltype the URL type (normally "publicURL")
     * @return ObjectStore
     */
    public function Compute($name=NULL, $region=NULL, $urltype=NULL) {
        return $this->Service('Compute', $name, $region, $urltype);
    }

    /**
     * Creates a new VolumeService (cinder) service object
     *
     * This is a factory method that is Rackspace-only (NOT part of OpenStack).
     *
     * @param string $name the name of the service (e.g., 'cloudBlockStorage')
     * @param string $region the region (e.g., 'DFW')
     * @param string $urltype the type of URL (e.g., 'publicURL');
     */
    public function VolumeService($name=NULL, $region=NULL, $urltype=NULL) {
        return $this->Service('VolumeService', $name, $region, $urltype);
    }

	/********** PROTECTED METHODS **********/

	/**
	 * Generic Service factory method
	 *
	 * Contains code reused by the other service factory methods.
	 *
	 * @param string $class the name of the Service class to produce
     * @param string $name the name of the Compute service to attach to
     * @param string $region the name of the region to use
     * @param string $urltype the URL type (normally "publicURL")
     * @return Service (or subclass such as Compute, ObjectStore)
     * @throws ServiceValueError
     */
    protected function Service($class,
            $name=NULL, $region=NULL, $urltype=NULL) {
        // debug message
        $this->debug('Factory for class [%s] [%s/%s/%s]',
            $class, $name, $region, $urltype);

        // check for defaults
        if (!isset($name))
            $name = $this->defaults[$class]['name'];
        if (!isset($region))
            $region = $this->defaults[$class]['region'];
        if (!isset($urltype))
            $urltype = $this->defaults[$class]['urltype'];

        // report errors
        if (!$name)
            throw new ServiceValueError(_('No value for '.$class.' name'));
        if (!$region)
            throw new ServiceValueError(_('No value for '.$class.' region'));
        if (!$urltype)
            throw new ServiceValueError(_('No value for '.$class.' URL type'));

        // return the object
        $fullclass = 'OpenCloud\\'.$class;
        return new $fullclass(
            $this,
            $name,
            $region,
            $urltype
        );
    }

    /**
     * returns a service catalog item
     *
     * This is a helper function used to list service catalog items easily
     */
    public function ServiceCatalogItem($info=array()) {
    	return new ServiceCatalogItem($info);
    }

} // class OpenStack

/**
 * Holds information on a single service from the Service Catalog
 */
class ServiceCatalogItem {
	public function __construct($info=array()) {
		foreach($info as $key => $value)
			$this->$key = $value;
	}
}
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