Location: PHPKode > projects > My little forum > forum/includes/functions.inc.php
<?php
if(!defined('IN_INDEX'))
 {
  header('Location: ../index.php');
  exit;
 }

/**
 * connects to the MySQL database
 *
 * @param string $host
 * @param string $user
 * @param string $pw
 * @param string $db
 * @return resource
 */
function connect_db($host,$user,$pw,$db)
 {
  $connid = @mysql_connect($host, $user, $pw) or raise_error('mysql_connect',mysql_error());
  @mysql_select_db($db, $connid) or raise_error('mysql_select_db',mysql_error());
  @mysql_query('SET NAMES utf8', $connid);
  //@mysql_query("SET time_zone='+00:00'", $connid);
  return $connid;
 }

/**
 * logs a user out, saves log out time and removes user from user online table
 *
 * @param int $user_id
 * @param string $mode
 */
function log_out($user_id,$mode='')
 {
  global $connid, $settings, $db_settings;
  if(isset($_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'usersettings']['newtime'])) setcookie($settings['session_prefix'].'last_visit',$_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'usersettings']['newtime'].'.'.$_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'usersettings']['newtime'],$_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'usersettings']['newtime']+(3600*24*$settings['cookie_validity_days']));
  session_destroy();
  $update_result = @mysql_query("UPDATE ".$db_settings['userdata_table']." SET last_login=last_login, last_logout=NOW(), registered=registered WHERE user_id=".intval($user_id), $connid); // auto_login_code=''
  setcookie($settings['session_prefix'].'auto_login','',0);
  if($db_settings['useronline_table'] != '') @mysql_query("DELETE FROM ".$db_settings['useronline_table']." WHERE ip = 'uid_".intval($user_id)."'", $connid);
  if($mode!='') header('Location: index.php?mode='.$mode);
  else header('Location: index.php');
  exit;
 }

/**
 * counts failed logins in order to prevent brute-force attacs
 */
function count_failed_logins()
 {
  global $db_settings, $connid;
  $result = @mysql_query("SELECT logins FROM ".$db_settings['login_control_table']." WHERE ip='".mysql_real_escape_string($_SERVER["REMOTE_ADDR"])."'", $connid);
  if(mysql_num_rows($result)==1)
   {
    @mysql_query("UPDATE ".$db_settings['login_control_table']." SET logins=logins+1 WHERE ip='".mysql_real_escape_string($_SERVER["REMOTE_ADDR"])."'", $connid);
   }
  else
   {
    @mysql_query("INSERT INTO ".$db_settings['login_control_table']." (time,ip,logins) VALUES (NOW(),'".mysql_real_escape_string($_SERVER["REMOTE_ADDR"])."',1)", $connid);
   }
  mysql_free_result($result);
 }

/**
 * fetches settings from database
 */
function get_settings()
 {
  global $connid, $db_settings;
  $result = mysql_query("SELECT name, value FROM ".$db_settings['settings_table'], $connid) or raise_error('database_error',mysql_error());
  while($line = mysql_fetch_array($result))
   {
    $settings[$line['name']] = $line['value'];
   }
  mysql_free_result($result);
  return $settings;
 }

/**
 * performs daily actions (clearing up database etc.)
 *
 * @param int $current_time
 */
function daily_actions($current_time=0)
 {
  global $settings, $db_settings, $connid;
  if($current_time==0) $current_time = TIMESTAMP;
  if($current_time > $settings['next_daily_actions'])
   {
    // clear up expired auto_login_codes:
    if($settings['autologin']==1)
     {
      @mysql_query("UPDATE ".$db_settings['userdata_table']." SET auto_login_code='' WHERE auto_login_code != '' AND last_login < (NOW() - INTERVAL ".$settings['cookie_validity_days']." DAY)", $connid);
     }
    // lock old threads:
    if($settings['auto_lock_old_threads']>0)
     {
      @mysql_query("UPDATE ".$db_settings['forum_table']." SET locked=1 WHERE locked=0 AND last_reply < (NOW() - INTERVAL ".intval($settings['auto_lock_old_threads'])." DAY)", $connid);
     }
    // delete IPs in old entries and user accounts:
    if($settings['delete_ips']>0)
     {
      @mysql_query("UPDATE ".$db_settings['forum_table']." SET ip='' WHERE ip!='' AND time < (NOW() - INTERVAL ".intval($settings['delete_ips'])." HOUR)", $connid);
      @mysql_query("UPDATE ".$db_settings['userdata_table']." SET user_ip='' WHERE user_ip!='' AND last_login < (NOW() - INTERVAL ".intval($settings['delete_ips'])." HOUR)", $connid);
     }    
    
    // set time of next daily actions:
    if($today_beginning = mktime(0,0,0, date("n"), date("j"), date("Y")))
     {
      $time_parts = explode(':',$settings['daily_actions_time']);
      $hours = intval($time_parts[0]);
      if(isset($time_parts[1])) $minutes = intval($time_parts[1]);
      else $minutes = 0;
      $delay = $hours * 3600 + $minutes * 60;
      $next_daily_actions = $today_beginning + $delay + 86400;
     }
    else
     {
      $next_daily_actions = $current_time + 86400;
     }
    @mysql_query("UPDATE ".$db_settings['settings_table']." SET value='".intval($next_daily_actions)."' WHERE name='next_daily_actions'", $connid);
   }
 }

/**
 * returns all available categories
 *
 * @return array
 */
function get_categories()
 {
  global $settings, $connid, $db_settings;
  $count_result = mysql_query("SELECT COUNT(*) FROM ".$db_settings['category_table'], $connid);
  list($category_count) = mysql_fetch_row($count_result);
  mysql_free_result($count_result);

  if($category_count > 0)
   {
    if (empty($_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'user_id']))
     {
      $result = mysql_query("SELECT id, category FROM ".$db_settings['category_table']." WHERE accession = 0 ORDER BY order_id ASC", $connid);
     }
    elseif (isset($_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'user_id']) && isset($_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'user_type']) && $_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'user_type'] == 0)
     {
      $result = mysql_query("SELECT id, category FROM ".$db_settings['category_table']." WHERE accession = 0 OR accession = 1 ORDER BY order_id ASC", $connid);
     }
    elseif (isset($_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'user_id']) && isset($_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'user_type']) && ($_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'user_type'] == 1 || $_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'user_type'] == 2))
     {
      $result = mysql_query("SELECT id, category FROM ".$db_settings['category_table']." WHERE accession = 0 OR accession = 1 OR accession = 2 ORDER BY order_id ASC", $connid);
     }
    if(!$result) raise_error('database_error',mysql_error());
    $categories[0]='';
    while ($line = mysql_fetch_array($result))
     {
      $categories[$line['id']] = htmlspecialchars($line['category']);
     }
    mysql_free_result($result);
    return $categories;
   }
  else return false;
 }

/**
 * returns all available catgory ids
 *
 * @return array
 */
function get_category_ids($categories)
 {
  if($categories!=false)
   {
    while(list($key) = each($categories))
     {
      $category_ids[] = $key;
     }
    return $category_ids;
   }
  else return false;
 }

/**
 * filters not accessible category ids from category selection
 *
 * @return array
 */
function filter_category_selection($categories, $allowed_categories)
 {
  if(!is_array($allowed_categories)) return array();
  $filtered_categories = array();
  foreach($categories as $category)
   {
    if(in_array($category,$allowed_categories))
     {
      $filtered_categories[] = $category;
     }
   }
  return $filtered_categories;
 }

/**
 * returns an array of read postigs
 *
 * @return array
 */
function get_read()
 {
  global $settings;
  if(isset($_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'usersettings']['read']))
   {
    return $_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'usersettings']['read'];
   }
  elseif(isset($_COOKIE[$settings['session_prefix'].'read']))
   {
    $read_cookie = explode('.',$_COOKIE[$settings['session_prefix'].'read']);
    foreach($read_cookie as $item)
     {
      if(intval($item)>0) $read[] = intval($item);
     }
    if(isset($read)) return $read;
    else return array();
   }
  return array();
 }

function set_read($ids)
 {
  global $settings, $read;
  if(is_array($ids))
   {
    foreach($ids as $id)
     {
      $read[] = $id;
     }
   }
  else
   {
    $read[] = $ids;
   }
  $read = array_reverse($read);
  $read = array_unique($read);
  $read = array_reverse($read);
  $read_items = count($read);
  if($read_items > $settings['max_read_items'])
   {
    $too_much_items = $read_items - $settings['max_read_items'];
    for($i=0;$i<$too_much_items;$i++)
     {
      unset($read[$i]);
     }
   }
  return $read;
 }

function save_read($save_db=true)
 {
  global $settings, $read, $db_settings, $connid;
  setcookie($settings['session_prefix'].'read',implode('.',$read),TIMESTAMP+(3600*24*30));
  if(isset($_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'user_id']))
   {
    $_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'usersettings']['read'] = $read;
    if($save_db) @mysql_query("UPDATE ".$db_settings['userdata_table']." SET entries_read = '".mysql_real_escape_string(implode(',',$read))."' WHERE user_id=".intval($_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'user_id']), $connid);
   }
 }

/**
 * generates an array of thread items for the navigation within a thread
 *
 * @param array $child_array
 * @param int $id
 * @param int $current
 */
function get_thread_items($child_array, $id, $current)
 {
  global $thread_items;
  $thread_items[] = $id;  
  if(isset($child_array[$id]) && is_array($child_array[$id]))
   {
    foreach($child_array[$id] as $child)
     {
      get_thread_items($child_array, $child, $current);
     }
   }
 }

/**
 * returns an array for the page navigation
 *
 * @param int $page_count : number of pages
 * @param int $page : current page
 * @param int $browse_range
 * @param int $page
 * @param int $show_last
 * @return array
 */
function pagination($page_count,$page,$browse_range=3,$show_last=1)
 {
  if($page_count>1)
   {
    $xpagination['current'] = $page;
    if($page_count > $page)
     {
      $xpagination['next'] = $page+1;
     }
    else
     {
      $xpagination['next'] = 0;
     }
    if($page > 1)
     {
      $xpagination['previous'] = $page-1;
     }
    else
     {
      $xpagination['previous'] = 0;
     }
    $xpagination['items'][] = 1;
    if ($page > $browse_range+1) $xpagination['items'][] = 0;
    $n_range = $page-($browse_range-1);
    $p_range = $page+$browse_range;
    for($page_browse=$n_range; $page_browse<$p_range; $page_browse++)
     {
      if($page_browse > 1 && $page_browse <= $page_count) $xpagination['items'][] = $page_browse;
     }
    if($show_last)
     {
      if($page < $page_count-($browse_range)) $xpagination['items'][] = 0;
      if(!in_array($page_count,$xpagination['items'])) $xpagination['items'][] = $page_count;
     }
    return $xpagination;
   }
  return false;
 }

/**
 * replaces urls with links
 *
 * @param string $string
 * @return string
 */
function make_link($string)
 {
  $string = ' ' . $string;
  $string = preg_replace_callback("#(^|[\n ])([\w]+?://.*?[^ \"\n\r\t<]*)#is", "shorten_link", $string);
  $string = preg_replace("#(^|[\n ])((www|ftp)\.[\w\-]+\.[\w\-.\~]+(?:/[^ \"\t\n\r<]*)?)#is", "$1<a href=\"http://$2\">$2</a>", $string);
  #$string = preg_replace("#(^|[\n ])([a-z0-9&\-_.]+?)@([\w\-]+\.([\w\-\.]+\.)*[\w]+)#i", "\\1<a href=\"mailto:\\2@\\3\">\\2@\\3</a>", $string);
  $string = my_substr($string, 1, my_strlen($string, CHARSET), CHARSET);
  return $string;
 }

/**
 * unifies line breaks
 *
 * @param string $string
 * @return string
 */
function convertlinebreaks($string)
 {
  return preg_replace ("/\015\012|\015|\012/", "\n", $string);
 }

/**
 * strips everything except new line symbol
 *
 * @param string $string
 * @return string
 */
function bbcode_stripcontents($string)
 {
  return preg_replace ("/[^\n]/", '', $string);
 }

/**
 * makes inlinecode replacements
 */
function parse_inlinecode($string)
 {
  $string = nl2br(htmlspecialchars($string));
  $string = str_replace("  ", "&nbsp; ", $string);
  $string = str_replace("  ", " &nbsp;", $string);
  return $string;
 }

/**
 * makes inlinecode replacements
 */
function parse_monospace($string)
 {
  $string = nl2br(htmlspecialchars($string));
  $string = str_replace("  ", "&nbsp; ", $string);
  $string = str_replace("  ", " &nbsp;", $string);
  return $string;
 }

/**
 * checks if a url is valid
 *
 * @param string $url
 * @return bool
 */
function is_valid_url($url)
 {
  #if((substr($url,0,7) == 'http://' || substr($url,0,8) == 'https://' || substr($url,0,6) == 'ftp://' || substr($url,0,9) == 'gopher://' || substr($url,0,7) == 'news://' ||  substr($url,0,7) == 'mailto:') && strpos($url, '.')) return true;
  #else return false;
  if(!preg_match("/^.+\..+$/", $url))
   {
    return false;
   }
  if(contains_invalid_string($url))
   {
    return false;
   }
  return true;
 }

/**
 * checks if a email address is valid
 *
 * @param string $email
 * @return bool
 */
function is_valid_email($email)
 {
  if(!preg_match("/^([\w-\.]+)@((\[[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.)|(([\w-]+\.)+))([a-zA-Z]{2,4}|[0-9]{1,3})(\]?)$/", $email))
   {
    return false;
   }
  if(contains_invalid_string($email))
   {
    return false;
   }
  return true;
 }

/**
 * help function for is_valid_url() and is_valid_email()
 *
 * @param string $string
 * @return bool
 */
function contains_invalid_string($string)
 {
  $invalid_strings = array('<','>','\'','"','data:','file:','javascript:','jar:','expression(');
  foreach($invalid_strings as $invalid_string)
   {
    if(strpos(strtolower($string), $invalid_string)!==false)
     {
      return true;
     }
   }
  #if(substr($string, 0, 5) == 'data:' || substr ($string, 0, 5) == 'file:' || substr ($string, 0, 11) == 'javascript:' || substr ($string, 0, 4) == 'jar:')
  # {
  #  return false;
  # }
  return false;
 }

/**
 * processes BBCode links
 */
function do_bbcode_url ($action, $attributes, $content, $params, $node_object)
 {
  // 1) the code is validated
  if ($action == 'validate')
   {
    // the code has been eneterd like this: [url]http://.../[/url]
    if (!isset($attributes['default']))
     {
      // is it a valid url?
      return is_valid_url ($content);
     }
    // the code has been eneterd like this: [url=http://.../]Text[/url]
    // is it a valid url?
    return is_valid_url ($attributes['default']);
   }
  // 2) the code is outputed
  else
   {
    // the code has been eneterd like this: [url]http://.../[/url]
    if(!isset ($attributes['default'])) return '<a href="'.htmlspecialchars($content).'">'.htmlspecialchars(shorten_url($content)).'</a>';
    // the code has been eneterd like this: [url=http://.../]Text[/url]
    return '<a href="'.htmlspecialchars ($attributes['default']).'">'.$content.'</a>';
   }
 }

/**
 * processes BBCode message links
 */
function do_bbcode_msg($action, $attributes, $content, $params, $node_object)
 {
  if ($action == 'validate')
   {
    if(!isset($attributes['default']))
     {
      if(intval($content)>0) return true;
     }
    if(intval($attributes['default'])>0) return true;
   }
  else
   {
    if(!isset ($attributes['default'])) return '<a href="index.php?id='.intval($content).'" class="internal">'.intval($content).'</a>';
    return '<a href="index.php?id='.intval($attributes['default']).'" class="internal">'.$content.'</a>';
   }
 }

/**
 * processes BBCode img
 */
function do_bbcode_img($action, $attributes, $content, $params, $node_object)
 {
  if($action == 'validate')
   {
    if(!is_valid_url($content))
     {
      return false;
     }
    else
     {
      // [img]image[/img]
      if(!isset($attributes['default'])) return true;
      // [img=xxx]image[/img]
      elseif(isset($attributes['default']) && ($attributes['default']=='left' || $attributes['default']=='right' || $attributes['default']=='thumbnail' || $attributes['default']=='thumbnail-left' || $attributes['default']=='thumbnail-right')) return true;
      else return false;
     }
   }
  else
   {
    // [img=xxx]image[/img]
    if(isset($attributes['default']) && $attributes['default']=='left') return '<img src="'.htmlspecialchars($content).'" class="left" alt="[image]" />';
    if(isset($attributes['default']) && $attributes['default']=='right') return '<img src="'.htmlspecialchars($content).'" class="right" alt="[image]" />';
    if(isset($attributes['default']) && $attributes['default']=='thumbnail') return '<a rel="thumbnail" href="'.htmlspecialchars($content).'"><img src="'.htmlspecialchars($content).'" class="thumbnail" alt="[image]" /></a>';
    if(isset($attributes['default']) && $attributes['default']=='thumbnail-left') return '<a rel="thumbnail" href="'.htmlspecialchars($content).'"><img src="'.htmlspecialchars($content).'" class="thumbnail left" alt="[image]" /></a>';
    if(isset($attributes['default']) && $attributes['default']=='thumbnail-right') return '<a rel="thumbnail" href="'.htmlspecialchars($content).'"><img src="'.htmlspecialchars($content).'" class="thumbnail right" alt="[image]" /></a>';
    // [img]image[/img]
    return '<img src="'.htmlspecialchars($content).'" alt="[image]" />';
   }
 }

/**
 * processes BBCode tex
 */
function do_bbcode_tex($action, $attributes, $content, $params, $node_object)
 {
  global $settings;
  if ($action == 'validate')
   {
    #if(preg_match("/(\015\012|\015|\012)/", $content)) return false;
    return true;
   }
  else
   {
    return '<img src="'.str_replace('&','&amp;',$settings['bbcode_tex']).urlencode($content).'" alt="'.htmlspecialchars($content).'" />';
   }
 }

/**
 * processes BBCode flash
 */
function do_bbcode_flash($action, $attributes, $content, $params, $node_object)
 {
  global $settings;
  if($action == 'validate')
   {
    if(!is_valid_url($content))
     {
      return false;
     }
    else
     {
      // [flash]url[/flash]
      if(!isset($attributes['width']) && !isset($attributes['height'])) return true;
      // [flash width=x height=y]url[/flash]
      elseif(isset($attributes['width']) && intval($attributes['width'])>0 && intval($attributes['width'])<=1024 && isset($attributes['height']) && intval($attributes['height'])>0 && intval($attributes['height'])<=768) return true;
      else return false;
     }
   }
  else
   {
    #$html = '<p><object classid="CLSID:D27CDB6E-AE6D-11cf-96B8-444553540000" width="[width]" height="[height]"><param name="movie" value="'.htmlspecialchars($content).'" /><embed src="'.htmlspecialchars($content).'" width="[width]" height="[height]" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" pluginspage="http://www.macromedia.com/shockwave/download/download.cgi?P1_Prod_Version=ShockwaveFlash" /></object></p>';
    $html = '<!--[if IE]>
    <object type="application/x-shockwave-flash" data="'.htmlspecialchars($content).'" width="[width]" height="[height]">
    <param name="movie" value="'.htmlspecialchars($content).'" />
    </object>
    <![endif]-->
    <!--[if !IE]>-->
    <object type="application/x-shockwave-flash" data="'.htmlspecialchars($content).'" width="[width]" height="[height]"><param name="movie" value="'.htmlspecialchars($content).'" />
    </object>
    <!--<![endif]-->';

    // [flash]url[/flash]
    if(!isset($attributes['width']) || !isset($attributes['height']))
     {
      $html = str_replace('[width]', $settings['flash_default_width'], $html);
      $html = str_replace('[height]', $settings['flash_default_width'], $html);
     }
    // [flash width=x height=y]url[/flash]
    else
     {
      $html = str_replace('[width]', intval($attributes['width']), $html);
      $html = str_replace('[height]' ,intval($attributes['height']), $html);
     }
    return $html;
   }
 }

// processes BBCode links for e-mail notifications (plain text)
function do_bbcode_flash_email($action, $attributes, $content, $params, $node_object)
 {
  if($action == 'validate')
   {
    if(!is_valid_url($content))
     {
      return false;
     }
    else
     {
      // [flash]url[/flash]
      if(!isset($attributes['width']) && !isset($attributes['height'])) return true;
      // [flash width=x height=y]url[/flash]
      elseif(isset($attributes['width']) && intval($attributes['width']>0) && isset($attributes['height']) && intval($attributes['height']>0)) return true;
      else return false;
     }
   }
  else
   {
    return $content;
   }
 }

/**
 * processes BBCode color
 */
function do_bbcode_color($action, $attributes, $content, $params, $node_object)
 {
  if($action == 'validate')
   {
    $valid_colors = array('#fff','#ccc','#999','#666','#333','#000',
                          '#fcc','#f66','#f00','#c00','#900','#600','#300',
                          '#fc9','#f96','#f90','#f60','#c60','#930','#630',
                          '#ff9','#ff6','#fc6','#fc3','#c93','#963','#633',
                          '#ffc','#ff3','#ff0','#fc0','#990','#660','#330',
                          '#9f9','#6f9','#3f3','#3c0','#090','#060','#030',
                          '#9ff','#3ff','#6cc','#0cc','#399','#366','#033',
                          '#cff','#6ff','#3cf','#36f','#33f','#009','#006',
                          '#ccf','#99f','#66c','#63f','#60c','#339','#309',
                          '#fcf','#f9f','#c6c','#c3c','#939','#636','#303',
                          'aqua','#00ffff','gray','grey','#808080','navy','#000080',
                          'silver','#c0c0c0','black','#000000','green','#008000',
                          'olive','#808000','teal','#008080','blue','#0000ff',
                          'lime','#00ff00','purple','#800080','white','#ffffff',
                          'fuchsia','#ff00ff','maroon','#800000','red','#ff0000',
                          'yellow','#ffff00');
    if(in_array(strtolower($attributes['default']),$valid_colors))
     {
      return true;
     }
    else
     {
      return false;
     }
   }
  return '<span style="color:'.htmlspecialchars($attributes['default']).';">'.$content.'</span>';
 }

/**
 * processes BBCode size
 */
function do_bbcode_size($action, $attributes, $content, $params, $node_object)
 {
  // font size definitions:
  #$size['tiny'] = 'x-small';
  $size['small'] = 'smaller';
  $size['large'] = 'large';
  #$size['huge'] = 'x-large';
  // end font size definitions

  if($action == 'validate')
   {
    if(isset($size[$attributes['default']])) return true;
    else return false;
   }
  return '<span style="font-size:'.$size[$attributes['default']].';">'.$content.'</span>';
 }

// processes BBCode links for e-mail notifications (plain text)
function do_bbcode_url_email($action, $attributes, $content, $params, $node_object)
 {
  if ($action == 'validate')
   {
    if(!isset ($attributes['default'])) return is_valid_url ($content);
    return is_valid_url ($attributes['default']);
   }
  else
   {
    if(!isset ($attributes['default'])) return $content;
    return $content.' --> '.$attributes['default'];
   }
 }

// processes BBCode msg code for e-mail notifications (plain text)
function do_bbcode_msg_email($action, $attributes, $content, $params, $node_object)
 {
  global $settings;
  if($action == 'validate')
   {
    if(!isset($attributes['default']))
     {
      if(intval($content)>0) return true;
     }
    if(intval($attributes['default'])>0) return true;
   }
  else
   {
    if(!isset ($attributes['default'])) return $settings['forum_address'].'index.php?id='.$content;
    return $content.' --> '.$settings['forum_address'].'index.php?id='.$attributes['default'];
   }
 }

/**
 * processes BBCode img for e-mail notifications (plain text)
 */
function do_bbcode_img_email ($action, $attributes, $content, $params, $node_object)
 {
  if($action == 'validate')
   {
    if(!is_valid_url($content))
     {
      return false;
     }
    else
     {
      // [img]image[/img]
      if(!isset($attributes['default'])) return true;
      // [img=xxx]image[/img]
      elseif(isset($attributes['default']) && ($attributes['default']=='left' || $attributes['default']=='right' || $attributes['default']=='thumbnail' || $attributes['default']=='thumbnail-left' || $attributes['default']=='thumbnail-right')) return true;
      else return false;
     }
   }
  else
   {
    return '['.$content.']';
   }
 }

/**
 * processes BBCode tex for e-mail notifications (plain text)
 */
function do_bbcode_tex_email($action, $attributes, $content, $params, $node_object)
 {
  global $settings;
  if ($action == 'validate')
   {
    #if(preg_match("/(\015\012|\015|\012)/", $content)) return false;
    return true;
   }
  else
   {
    #return '['.$settings['bbcode_tex'].urlencode($content).']';
    return $content;
   }
 }

/**
 * processes BBCode colors for e-mail notifications (plain text)
 */
function do_bbcode_color_email($action, $attributes, $content, $params, $node_object)
 {
  if($action == 'validate') return true;
  return $content;
 }

/**
 * processes BBCode sizes for e-mail notifications (plain text)
 */
function do_bbcode_size_email($action, $attributes, $content, $params, $node_object)
 {
  if($action == 'validate') return true;
  return $content;
 }

/**
 * processes bbcode code
 */
function do_bbcode_code($action, $attributes, $content, $params, $node_object)
 {
  global $settings;
  if ($action == 'validate')
   {
    // [code]...[/code]
    #if(!isset($attributes['default'])) return true;
    // [code=lang]image[/code]
    #if(in_array(strtolower($attributes['default']),explode(',',$settings['syntax_highlighter_languages']))) return true;
    return true;
   }
  else
   {
    // [code]...[/code]
    if(!isset($attributes['default'])) return '<pre><code>'.htmlspecialchars($content).'</code></pre>';
    // [code=lang]...[/code]
    if($settings['syntax_highlighter']==1)
     {
      include_once('modules/geshi/geshi.php');
      $geshi = new GeSHi($content, $attributes['default']);
      #$geshi->set_header_type(GESHI_HEADER_NONE);
      #$geshi->enable_line_numbers(GESHI_FANCY_LINE_NUMBERS, 1);
      #$geshi->set_line_style('background:#f5f5f5;', 'background:#f9f9f9;');
      $geshi->enable_keyword_links(false);
      $geshi->set_overall_class(false);
      return $geshi->parse_code();
     }
    else
     {
      return '<pre><code>'.htmlspecialchars($content).'</code></pre>';
     }
   }
 }

/**
 * removes [code] and [/code] in email texts
 */
function do_bbcode_code_email($action, $attributes, $content, $params, $node_object)
 {
  if ($action == 'validate')
   {
    return true;
   }
  else
   {
    // [code]...[/code]
    if(!isset($attributes['default'])) return $content;
    // [code=lang]...[/code]
    return $content;
   }
 }

/**
 * replaces
 *   "> hi,
 *    > how are you?
 *    I'm fine, thank you!"
 * by
 *   "[quote]hi,
 *    how are you?[/quote]
 *    I'm fine, thank you!"
  * also nested:
 *   "> > text
 *    > > text
 * is replaces by
 *   "[quote][quote]text
 *    text[/quote][/quote]"
 *
 * @param string $string
 * @return string
 */
function quote($string)
 {
  global $settings;
  $string = preg_replace ("/\015\012|\015|\012/", "\n", $string);
  $string_array = explode("\n", $string);

  // check which lines begin with how many quote symbols:
  $line_nr=0;
  foreach($string_array as $line)
   {
    $q=0; // quote symbol counter
    // if line begins with a quote symbol...
    if(my_substr($line, 0, 1, CHARSET) == $settings['quote_symbol'])
     {
      $len=strlen($line);
      for($i=0;$i<$len;$i++)
       {
        // strip quote symbols and spaces and increment quote symbol counter
        if(my_substr($line, 0, 1, CHARSET) == $settings['quote_symbol'] || my_substr($line, 0, 1, CHARSET)==' ')
         {
          if(my_substr($line, 0, 1, CHARSET) == $settings['quote_symbol']) $q++;
          $line = my_substr($line, 1, my_strlen($line, CHARSET), CHARSET);
         }
        else break; // leave the loop if reached other character than quote symbol or space
       }

     }
    // create array without quote symbols:
    $stripped_string_array[] = $line;
    // maximum 10 nested quotes:
    if($q>10) $q = 10;
    // save number of quote symbols per line:
    $quotes_array[$line_nr] = $q;
    $line_nr++;
   }

  // if you want to keep the quote symbols delete or comment the following line:
  $string_array = $stripped_string_array;

  // add [quote]...[/quote] around quotes:
  $l=0;
  foreach($quotes_array as $quotes)
   {
    if($quotes > 0)
     {
      $start_tag = '';
      $end_tag = '';
      // nest tags:
      for($q_nr=0;$q_nr<$quotes;$q_nr++)
       {
        $start_tag .= '[quote]';
        $end_tag .= '[/quote]';
       }
      // add start and end tags to quotes belonging together:
      if(empty($quotes_array[$l-1]) || $quotes!=$quotes_array[$l-1]) $string_array[$l] = $start_tag.$string_array[$l];
      if(empty($quotes_array[$l+1]) || $quotes!=$quotes_array[$l+1]) $string_array[$l] = $string_array[$l].$end_tag;
     }
    $l++;
   }

  $string = implode("\n",$string_array);

  return $string;
 }

/**
 * filters control characters
 *
 * @param string $string
 * @return string
 */
function filter_control_characters($string)
 {
  $char = array(array(), array());
  $char['char'][0] = chr(0);
  $char['repl'][0] = '';
  $char['char'][1] = chr(1);
  $char['repl'][1] = '';
  $char['char'][2] = chr(2);
  $char['repl'][2] = '';
  $char['char'][3] = chr(3);
  $char['repl'][3] = '';
  $char['char'][4] = chr(4);
  $char['repl'][4] = '';
  $char['char'][5] = chr(5);
  $char['repl'][5] = '';
  $char['char'][6] = chr(6);
  $char['repl'][6] = '';
  $char['char'][7] = chr(7);
  $char['repl'][7] = '';
  $char['char'][8] = chr(8);
  $char['repl'][8] = '';
  $char['char'][9] = chr(9);
  $char['repl'][9] = ' ';
  $char['char'][10] = chr(10);
  $char['repl'][10] = chr(10);
  $char['char'][11] = chr(11);
  $char['repl'][11] = '';
  $char['char'][12] = chr(12);
  $char['repl'][12] = '';
  $char['char'][13] = chr(13);
  $char['repl'][13] = chr(13);
  $char['char'][14] = chr(14);
  $char['repl'][14] = '';
  $char['char'][15] = chr(15);
  $char['repl'][15] = '';
  $char['char'][16] = chr(16);
  $char['repl'][16] = '';
  $char['char'][17] = chr(17);
  $char['repl'][17] = '';
  $char['char'][18] = chr(18);
  $char['repl'][18] = '';
  $char['char'][19] = chr(19);
  $char['repl'][19] = '';
  $char['char'][20] = chr(20);
  $char['repl'][20] = '';
  $char['char'][21] = chr(21);
  $char['repl'][21] = '';
  $char['char'][22] = chr(22);
  $char['repl'][22] = '';
  $char['char'][23] = chr(23);
  $char['repl'][23] = '';
  $char['char'][24] = chr(24);
  $char['repl'][24] = '';
  $char['char'][25] = chr(25);
  $char['repl'][25] = '';
  $char['char'][26] = chr(26);
  $char['repl'][26] = '';
  $char['char'][27] = chr(27);
  $char['repl'][27] = '';
  $char['char'][28] = chr(28);
  $char['repl'][28] = '';
  $char['char'][29] = chr(29);
  $char['repl'][29] = '';
  $char['char'][30] = chr(30);
  $char['repl'][30] = '';
  $char['char'][31] = chr(31);
  $char['repl'][31] = '';
  $string = str_replace($char['char'], $char['repl'], $string);
  return $string;
}

/**
 * formats posting texts into HTML using the stringparser bbcode class
 * http://www.christian-seiler.de/projekte/php/bbcode/
 *
 * @param string $string
 * @return string
 */
function html_format($string)
 {
  global $settings;
  require_once('modules/stringparser_bbcode/stringparser_bbcode.class.php');
  $string = filter_control_characters($string);
  $bbcode = new StringParser_BBCode();
  $bbcode->addFilter (STRINGPARSER_FILTER_PRE, 'convertlinebreaks');
  $bbcode->addFilter (STRINGPARSER_FILTER_PRE, 'quote');
  $bbcode->addParser (array ('block', 'inline', 'link', 'listitem', 'quote', 'pre'), 'htmlspecialchars');
  $bbcode->addParser (array ('block', 'inline', 'link', 'listitem', 'quote'), 'nl2br');
  if($settings['smilies'] == 1) $bbcode->addParser (array ('block', 'inline', 'listitem', 'quote'), 'smilies');
  if($settings['autolink'] == 1) $bbcode->addParser (array ('block', 'inline', 'listitem', 'quote'), 'make_link');

  $bbcode->addCode ('quote', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '<blockquote>', 'end_tag' => '</blockquote>'), 'quote', array ('block','quote'), array ());
  $bbcode->setCodeFlag ('quote', 'paragraphs', true);
  $bbcode->setCodeFlag ('quote', 'paragraph_type', BBCODE_PARAGRAPH_BLOCK_ELEMENT);
  $bbcode->setCodeFlag ('quote', 'closetag.after.newline', BBCODE_NEWLINE_IGNORE);
  $bbcode->setCodeFlag ('quote', 'opentag.before.newline', BBCODE_NEWLINE_DROP);
  $bbcode->setCodeFlag ('quote', 'closetag.before.newline', BBCODE_NEWLINE_DROP);
  #$bbcode->setCodeFlag ('quote', 'closetag', BBCODE_CLOSETAG_OPTIONAL);

  if($settings['bbcode'] == 1)
   {
    $bbcode->setGlobalCaseSensitive(false);

    $bbcode->addCode ('b', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '<strong>', 'end_tag' => '</strong>'), 'inline', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote', 'pre', 'monospace'), array ());
    $bbcode->addCode ('i', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '<em>', 'end_tag' => '</em>'), 'inline', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote', 'pre', 'monospace'), array ());
    $bbcode->addCode ('u', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '<span class="underline">', 'end_tag' => '</span>'), 'inline', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote', 'pre', 'monospace'), array ());
    $bbcode->addCode ('url', 'usecontent?', 'do_bbcode_url', array ('usecontent_param' => 'default'), 'link', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'quote', 'pre', 'monospace'), array ('link'));
    $bbcode->addCode ('link', 'usecontent?', 'do_bbcode_url', array ('usecontent_param' => 'default'), 'link', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'quote', 'pre', 'monospace'), array ('link'));
    $bbcode->addCode ('msg', 'usecontent?', 'do_bbcode_msg', array ('usecontent_param' => 'default'), 'link', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'quote', 'pre', 'monospace'), array ('link'));
    #$bbcode->setOccurrenceType ('img', 'image');
    #$bbcode->setMaxOccurrences ('image', 2);
    #$bbcode->addCode ('code', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '<pre><code>', 'end_tag' => '</code></pre>'), 'code', array ('block','quote'), array ());

    $bbcode->addParser ('list', 'bbcode_stripcontents');
    $bbcode->addCode ('list', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '<ul>', 'end_tag' => '</ul>'), 'list', array ('block', 'listitem', 'quote'), array ());
    $bbcode->setCodeFlag ('list', 'paragraph_type', BBCODE_PARAGRAPH_BLOCK_ELEMENT);
    $bbcode->setCodeFlag ('list', 'closetag.after.newline', BBCODE_NEWLINE_IGNORE);
    $bbcode->setCodeFlag ('list', 'opentag.before.newline', BBCODE_NEWLINE_DROP);
    $bbcode->setCodeFlag ('list', 'closetag.before.newline', BBCODE_NEWLINE_DROP);
    $bbcode->addCode ('*', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '<li>', 'end_tag' => '</li>'), 'listitem', array ('list'), array ());
    $bbcode->setCodeFlag ('*', 'closetag', BBCODE_CLOSETAG_OPTIONAL);
    #$bbcode->setCodeFlag ('*', 'paragraphs', true);

    if($settings['bbcode_code']==1)
     {
      $bbcode->addCode ('code', 'usecontent', 'do_bbcode_code', array (), 'code', array ('block','quote'), array ());
      $bbcode->setCodeFlag ('code', 'paragraph_type', BBCODE_PARAGRAPH_BLOCK_ELEMENT);
      $bbcode->addParser ('inlinecode', 'parse_inlinecode');
      $bbcode->addParser ('monospace', 'parse_monospace');
      $bbcode->addCode('inlinecode', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '<code>', 'end_tag' => '</code>'), 'inlinecode', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote'), array ());
      $bbcode->addCode('monospace', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '<code class="monospace">', 'end_tag' => '</code>'), 'monospace', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote'), array ());
      $bbcode->addCode('pre', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '<pre>', 'end_tag' => '</pre>'), 'pre', array ('block','quote'), array ());
      $bbcode->setCodeFlag('pre', 'paragraph_type', BBCODE_PARAGRAPH_BLOCK_ELEMENT);
      #$bbcode->addCode('inlinepre', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '<pre class="inline">', 'end_tag' => '</pre>'), 'inlinepre', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote'), array ());
     }
    if($settings['bbcode_img']==1)
     {
      $bbcode->addCode ('img', 'usecontent', 'do_bbcode_img', array (), 'image', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote'), array ());
     }
    if($settings['bbcode_color']==1)
     {
      $bbcode->addCode ('color', 'callback_replace', 'do_bbcode_color', array ('usecontent_param' => 'default'), 'inline', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote', 'pre', 'monospace'), array ());
     }
    if($settings['bbcode_size']==1)
     {
      $bbcode->addCode ('size', 'callback_replace', 'do_bbcode_size', array ('usecontent_param' => 'default'), 'inline', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote'), array ());
     }
    if($settings['bbcode_flash']==1)
     {
      $bbcode->addCode ('flash', 'usecontent', 'do_bbcode_flash', array (), 'flash', array ('block', 'quote'), array ());
      #$bbcode->setCodeFlag ('flash', 'paragraph_type', BBCODE_PARAGRAPH_BLOCK_ELEMENT);
     }
    if($settings['bbcode_tex'])
     {
      $bbcode->addCode ('tex', 'usecontent', 'do_bbcode_tex', array (), 'tex', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote'), array ());
     }
   }

  $bbcode->setRootParagraphHandling(true);
  $string = $bbcode->parse($string);
  return $string;
 }

/**
 * formats signatures into HTML using the stringparser bbcode class
 * http://www.christian-seiler.de/projekte/php/bbcode/
 *
 * @param string $string
 * @return string
 */
function signature_format($string)
 {
  global $settings;
  // stringparser bbcode class, documentation: http://www.christian-seiler.de/projekte/php/bbcode/
  require_once('modules/stringparser_bbcode/stringparser_bbcode.class.php');
  $string = filter_control_characters($string);
  $bbcode = new StringParser_BBCode();
  $bbcode->addFilter (STRINGPARSER_FILTER_PRE, 'convertlinebreaks');
  $bbcode->addParser (array ('block', 'inline', 'link', 'listitem', 'code', 'quote'), 'htmlspecialchars');
  $bbcode->addParser (array ('block', 'inline', 'link', 'listitem', 'quote'), 'nl2br');
  if($settings['smilies'] == 1) $bbcode->addParser (array ('block', 'inline', 'listitem', 'quote'), 'smilies');
  if($settings['autolink'] == 1) $bbcode->addParser (array ('block', 'inline', 'listitem', 'quote'), 'make_link');
  if($settings['bbcode'] == 1)
   {
    $bbcode->setGlobalCaseSensitive(false);
    $bbcode->addCode ('b', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '<strong>', 'end_tag' => '</strong>'), 'inline', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote'), array ());
    $bbcode->addCode ('i', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '<em>', 'end_tag' => '</em>'), 'inline', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote'), array ());
    $bbcode->addCode ('u', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '<span class="underline">', 'end_tag' => '</span>'), 'inline', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote'), array ());
    $bbcode->addCode ('url', 'usecontent?', 'do_bbcode_url', array ('usecontent_param' => 'default'), 'link', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'quote'), array ('link'));
    $bbcode->addCode ('link', 'usecontent?', 'do_bbcode_url', array ('usecontent_param' => 'default'), 'link', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'quote'), array ('link'));
    $bbcode->addCode ('color', 'callback_replace', 'do_bbcode_color', array ('usecontent_param' => 'default'), 'inline', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote'), array ());
    #$bbcode->setOccurrenceType ('img', 'image');
    #$bbcode->setMaxOccurrences ('image', 2);
    if($settings['bbcode_img'] == 1) $bbcode->addCode ('img', 'usecontent', 'do_bbcode_img', array (), 'image', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote'), array ());
   }
  #$bbcode->setRootParagraphHandling(true);
  $string = $bbcode->parse($string);
  return $string;
 }

/**
 * formats posting texts into plain text for e-mail notifications using the stringparser bbcode class
 * http://www.christian-seiler.de/projekte/php/bbcode/
 *
 * @param string $string
 * @return string
 */
function email_format($string)
 {
  global $settings;
  require_once('modules/stringparser_bbcode/stringparser_bbcode.class.php');
  $bbcode = new StringParser_BBCode();
  $bbcode->setGlobalCaseSensitive(false);
  $bbcode->addCode ('quote', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '', 'end_tag' => ''), 'inline', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote'), array ());
  if($settings['bbcode'] == 1)
   {
    $bbcode->addParser ('list', 'bbcode_stripcontents');
    $bbcode->addCode ('b', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '*', 'end_tag' => '*'), 'inline', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote', 'pre', 'monospace'), array ());
    $bbcode->addCode ('i', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '', 'end_tag' => ''), 'inline', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote', 'pre', 'monospace'), array ());
    $bbcode->addCode ('u', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '', 'end_tag' => ''), 'inline', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote', 'pre', 'monospace'), array ());
    $bbcode->addCode ('url', 'usecontent?', 'do_bbcode_url_email', array ('usecontent_param' => 'default'), 'link', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'quote', 'pre', 'monospace'), array ('link'));
    $bbcode->addCode ('link', 'usecontent?', 'do_bbcode_url_email', array ('usecontent_param' => 'default'), 'link', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'quote', 'pre', 'monospace'), array ('link'));
    $bbcode->addCode ('msg', 'usecontent?', 'do_bbcode_msg_email', array ('usecontent_param' => 'default'), 'link', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'quote', 'pre', 'monospace'), array ('link'));
    if($settings['bbcode_img'] == 1)
     {
      $bbcode->addCode ('img', 'usecontent', 'do_bbcode_img_email', array (), 'image', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote'), array ());
     }
    $bbcode->addCode ('color', 'callback_replace', 'do_bbcode_color_email', array ('start_tag' => '', 'end_tag' => ''), 'inline', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote', 'pre', 'monospace'), array ());
    $bbcode->addCode ('size', 'callback_replace', 'do_bbcode_size_email', array ('start_tag' => '', 'end_tag' => ''), 'inline', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote'), array ());
    $bbcode->addCode ('list', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '', 'end_tag' => ''), 'list', array ('block', 'listitem'), array ());
    $bbcode->addCode ('*', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '* ', 'end_tag' => ''), 'listitem', array ('list'), array ());
    $bbcode->setCodeFlag ('*', 'closetag', BBCODE_CLOSETAG_OPTIONAL);
    #$bbcode->addCode ('code', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '', 'end_tag' => ''), 'code', array ('block', 'inline'), array ());
    if($settings['bbcode_flash']==1)
     {
      $bbcode->addCode('flash', 'usecontent', 'do_bbcode_flash_email', array (), 'flash', array ('block', 'quote'), array ());
     }
    if($settings['bbcode_code']==1)
     {
      $bbcode->addCode('code', 'usecontent', 'do_bbcode_code_email', array (), 'code', array ('block','quote'), array ());
      $bbcode->addCode ('pre', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '', 'end_tag' => ''), 'pre', array ('block', 'quote'), array ());
      $bbcode->addCode ('inlinecode', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '', 'end_tag' => ''), 'inline', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote'), array ());
      $bbcode->addCode ('monospace', 'simple_replace', null, array ('start_tag' => '', 'end_tag' => ''), 'inline', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote'), array ());
     }
    if($settings['bbcode_tex'])
     {
      $bbcode->addCode ('tex', 'usecontent', 'do_bbcode_tex_email', array (), 'tex', array ('listitem', 'block', 'inline', 'link', 'quote'), array ());
     }
   }
  $string = $bbcode->parse($string);
  return $string;
 }

/**
 * adds the quote symbol (">") before each line for textareas in replies
 *
 * @param string $string
 * @return string
 */
function quote_reply($string)
 {
  global $settings;
  if(!empty($string)) return preg_replace("/^/m", $settings['quote_symbol']." ", $string);
  else return '';
 }

/**
 * shortens links
 *
 * @param string $string
 * @return string
 */
function shorten_link($string)
 {
  global $settings;
  if(is_array($string))
   {
    if(count($string) == 2) { $pre = ""; $url = $string[1]; }
    else { $pre = $string[1]; $url = $string[2]; }
    $shortened_url = $url;
    if (strlen($url) > $settings['text_word_maxlength']) $shortened_url = my_substr($url, 0, $settings['text_word_maxlength']-3, CHARSET) . '...';
    return $pre.'<a href="'.$url.'">'.$shortened_url.'</a>';
   }
 }

/**
 * shortens urls
 *
 * @param string $url
 * @return string
 */
function shorten_url($url)
 {
  global $settings;
  if(strlen($url) > $settings['text_word_maxlength']) $url_short = my_substr($url, 0, $settings['text_word_maxlength']-3, CHARSET) . '...';
  else $url_short = $url;
  return $url_short;
 }

/**
 * replaces text smilies by images
 *
 * @param string $string
 * @return string
 */
function smilies($string)
 {
  global $connid, $db_settings;
  $result = mysql_query("SELECT file, code_1, code_2, code_3, code_4, code_5, title FROM ".$db_settings['smilies_table'], $connid);
  while($data = mysql_fetch_array($result))
   {
    if($data['title']!='') $title = ' title="'.$data['title'].'"'; else $title='';
    if($data['code_1']!='') $string = str_replace($data['code_1'], "<img src=\"images/smilies/".$data['file']."\" alt=\"".$data['code_1']."\"".$title." />", $string);
    if($data['code_2']!='') $string = str_replace($data['code_2'], "<img src=\"images/smilies/".$data['file']."\" alt=\"".$data['code_2']."\"".$title." />", $string);
    if($data['code_3']!='') $string = str_replace($data['code_3'], "<img src=\"images/smilies/".$data['file']."\" alt=\"".$data['code_3']."\"".$title." />", $string);
    if($data['code_4']!='') $string = str_replace($data['code_4'], "<img src=\"images/smilies/".$data['file']."\" alt=\"".$data['code_4']."\"".$title." />", $string);
    if($data['code_5']!='') $string = str_replace($data['code_5'], "<img src=\"images/smilies/".$data['file']."\" alt=\"".$data['code_5']."\"".$title." />", $string);
   }
  mysql_free_result($result);
  return($string);
 }

/**
 * counts the users that are online
 */
function user_online($user_online_period=10)
 {
  global $connid, $db_settings, $settings;
  if (isset($_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'user_id'])) $user_id = $_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'user_id']; else $user_id = 0;
  $diff = TIMESTAMP-($user_online_period*60);
  if (isset($_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'user_id'])) $ip = "uid_".$_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'user_id'];
  else $ip = $_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'];
  @mysql_query("DELETE FROM ".$db_settings['useronline_table']." WHERE time < ".$diff, $connid);
  list($is_online) = @mysql_fetch_row(@mysql_query("SELECT COUNT(*) FROM ".$db_settings['useronline_table']." WHERE ip= '".$ip."'", $connid));
  if ($is_online > 0) @mysql_query("UPDATE ".$db_settings['useronline_table']." SET time='".TIMESTAMP."', user_id='".$user_id."' WHERE ip='".$ip."'", $connid);
  else @mysql_query("INSERT INTO ".$db_settings['useronline_table']." SET time='".TIMESTAMP."', ip='".$ip."', user_id='".$user_id."'", $connid);
  #list($user_online) = @mysql_fetch_row(@mysql_query("SELECT COUNT(*) FROM ".$db_settings['useronline_table'], $connid));
  #return $user_online;
 }

/**
 * checks strings for too long words
 */
function too_long_word($text,$word_maxlength)
 {
  $text = preg_replace("/\015\012|\015|\012/", "\n", $text);
  $text = str_replace("\n", ' ', $text);
  $words = explode(' ',$text);
  foreach($words as $word)
   {
    $length = my_strlen(trim($word), CHARSET);
    if($length > $word_maxlength)
     {
      $too_long_word = htmlspecialchars(my_substr($word,0,$word_maxlength, CHARSET))."...";
      break;
     }
   }
  if(isset($too_long_word)) return $too_long_word;
  else return false;
 }

/**
 * deletes a posting and all its replies
 *
 * @param int $id : the id of the posting
 */
function delete_posting_recursive($id)
 {
  global $db_settings, $connid;
  $id = intval($id);
  $result=mysql_query("SELECT pid, tid FROM ".$db_settings['forum_table']." WHERE id = ".$id, $connid) or raise_error('database_error',mysql_error());
  $field = mysql_fetch_array($result);
  $tid = $field['tid'];
  mysql_free_result($result);
  if($field["pid"] == 0)
   {
    // it's a thread starting posting - delete whole thread:
        // clear cache:
        $ids_result=mysql_query("SELECT id FROM ".$db_settings['forum_table']." WHERE tid = ".intval($id), $connid);
        while($ids_data = mysql_fetch_array($ids_result))
         {
          @mysql_query("DELETE FROM ".$db_settings['entry_cache_table']." WHERE cache_id=".intval($ids_data['id']), $connid);
         }
        mysql_free_result($ids_result);
        // end clear cache
    @mysql_query("DELETE FROM ".$db_settings['forum_table']." WHERE tid = ".intval($id), $connid);
   }
  else
   {
    // it's a posting within the thread - delete posting and child postings:
    $child_ids = get_child_ids($id);
    @mysql_query("DELETE FROM ".$db_settings['forum_table']." WHERE id = ".intval($id), $connid);
    @mysql_query("DELETE FROM ".$db_settings['entry_cache_table']." WHERE cache_id=".intval($id), $connid);
    if(isset($child_ids) && is_array($child_ids))
     {
      foreach($child_ids as $child_id)
       {
        @mysql_query("DELETE FROM ".$db_settings['forum_table']." WHERE id = ".intval($child_id), $connid);
        @mysql_query("DELETE FROM ".$db_settings['entry_cache_table']." WHERE cache_id=".intval($child_id), $connid);
       }
     }
    // set last reply time:
    $result = @mysql_query("SELECT time FROM ".$db_settings['forum_table']." WHERE tid = ".intval($tid)." ORDER BY time DESC LIMIT 1", $connid) or raise_error('database_error',mysql_error());
    $field = mysql_fetch_array($result);
    mysql_free_result($result);
    @mysql_query("UPDATE ".$db_settings['forum_table']." SET time=time, last_reply='".$field['time']."' WHERE tid=".intval($tid), $connid);
   }
 }

/**
 * returns child ids of a posting
 * required by the function delete_posting_recursive
 */
function get_child_ids($id)
 {
  global $db_settings, $connid, $child_ids;
  $result = @mysql_query("SELECT tid FROM ".$db_settings['forum_table']." WHERE id = ".intval($id)." LIMIT 1", $connid) or raise_error('database_error',mysql_error());
  $data = mysql_fetch_array($result);
  mysql_free_result($result);
  $tid = $data['tid'];
  $result = @mysql_query("SELECT id, pid FROM ".$db_settings['forum_table']." WHERE tid = ".intval($tid), $connid) or raise_error('database_error',mysql_error());
  while($tmp = mysql_fetch_array($result))
   {
    $child_array[$tmp["pid"]][] = $tmp["id"];
   }
  mysql_free_result($result);
  child_ids_recursive($id, $child_array);
  if(isset($child_ids) && is_array($child_ids)) return($child_ids);
  else return false;
 }

/**
 * help function for get_child_ids
 */
function child_ids_recursive($id, $child_array)
 {
  global $child_ids;
  if(isset($child_array[$id]) && is_array($child_array[$id]))
   {
    foreach($child_array[$id] as $child)
     {
      $child_ids[] = $child;
      child_ids_recursive($child, $child_array);
     }
   }
 }

/**
 * checks if birthday is formed like DD.MM.YYYY and age is betwenn 0 and 150 years
 */
function is_valid_birthday($birthday)
 {
  if(strlen($birthday) != 10 || my_substr($birthday,4,1,CHARSET)!='-' || my_substr($birthday,7,1, CHARSET)!='-') $date_invalid=true;
  if(empty($date_invalid))
   {
    $year = intval(my_substr($birthday, 0, 4, CHARSET));
    $month = intval(my_substr($birthday, 5, 2, CHARSET));
    $day = intval(my_substr($birthday, 8, 2, CHARSET));
    if(!checkdate($month,$day,$year)) $date_invalid=true;
   }
  if(empty($date_invalid))
   {
    if($month >= 1 && $month <= 9) $monthstr = '0'.$month; else $monthstr = $month;
    if($day >= 1 && $day <= 9) $daystr = '0'.$day; else $daystr = $day;
    $years = intval(strrev(my_substr(strrev(intval(strftime("%Y%m%d"))-intval($year.$monthstr.$daystr)),4, CHARSET)));
    if($years<0 || $years>150) $date_invalid=true;
   }
  if(empty($date_invalid)) return true;
  else return false;
 }

/**
 * sends an e-mail notification to the parent posting author if a reply was
 * posted and a notification was requested
 *
 * @param int $id : the id of the reply
 * @param bool $delayed : true adds a delayed message (when postibg was activated manually)
 */
function emailNotification2ParentAuthor($id, $delayed=false)
 {
  global $settings, $db_settings, $lang, $connid;
  $id=intval($id);
  // data of posting:
  $result = @mysql_query("SELECT pid, tid, name, user_name, ".$db_settings['forum_table'].".user_id, subject, text
                          FROM ".$db_settings['forum_table']."
                          LEFT JOIN ".$db_settings['userdata_table']." ON ".$db_settings['userdata_table'].".user_id=".$db_settings['forum_table'].".user_id
                          WHERE id = ".intval($id)." LIMIT 1", $connid);
  $data = mysql_fetch_array($result);
  mysql_free_result($result);
  // overwrite $data['name'] with $data['user_name'] if registered user:
  if($data['user_id']>0)
   {
    if(!$data['user_name']) $data['name'] = $lang['unknown_user'];
    else $data['name'] = $data['user_name'];
   }
  // if it's a reply (pid!=0) check if notification was desired by parent posting author:
  if($data['pid']!=0)
   {
    $parent_result = mysql_query("SELECT pid, user_id, name, email, subject, text, email_notification FROM ".$db_settings['forum_table']." WHERE id = ".intval($data['pid'])." LIMIT 1", $connid);
    $parent_data = mysql_fetch_array($parent_result);
    mysql_free_result($parent_result);
    if($parent_data['email_notification'] == 1 && ($parent_data['user_id']>0 || $settings['email_notification_unregistered']))
     {
      // if message is by a registered user, fetch e-mail address from userdata:
      if($parent_data['user_id'] > 0)
       {
        $email_result = mysql_query("SELECT user_name, user_email FROM ".$db_settings['userdata_table']." WHERE user_id = ".intval($parent_data['user_id'])." LIMIT 1", $connid) or raise_error('database_error',mysql_error());
        $field = mysql_fetch_array($email_result);
        mysql_free_result($email_result);
        $parent_data['name'] = $field['user_name'];
        $parent_data['email'] = $field['user_email'];
       }
      $name = $data['name'];
      $subject = $data['subject'];
      $text = email_format($data['text']);
      $parent_text = email_format($parent_data["text"]);
      $emailbody = str_replace("[recipient]", $parent_data['name'], $lang['email_text']);
      $emailbody = str_replace("[name]", $name, $emailbody);
      $emailbody = str_replace("[subject]", $subject, $emailbody);
      $emailbody = str_replace("[text]", $text, $emailbody);
      $emailbody = str_replace("[posting_address]", $settings['forum_address']."index.php?id=".$id, $emailbody);
      $emailbody = str_replace("[original_subject]", $parent_data['subject'], $emailbody);
      $emailbody = str_replace("[original_text]", $parent_text, $emailbody);
      $emailbody = str_replace("[forum_address]", $settings['forum_address'], $emailbody);
      if($delayed==true) $emailbody = $emailbody . "\n\n" . $lang['email_text_delayed_addition'];
      #$recipient = encode_mail_name($parent_data['name']).' <'.$parent_data['email'].'>';
      $recipient = $parent_data['email'];
      $subject = str_replace("[original_subject]",  $parent_data['subject'], $lang['email_subject']);
      my_mail($recipient, $subject, $emailbody);
     }
    if($parent_data['pid']!=0)
     {
      // parent posting wasn't thread start so check if thread starter autor wants to be notified:
      $ts_result = mysql_query("SELECT pid, user_id, name, email, subject, text, email_notification FROM ".$db_settings['forum_table']." WHERE id = ".intval($data['tid'])." LIMIT 1", $connid);
      $ts_data = mysql_fetch_array($ts_result);
      mysql_free_result($ts_result);
      if($ts_data['email_notification'] == 1 && ($ts_data['user_id']>0 || $settings['email_notification_unregistered']))
       {
        // if message is by a registered user, fetch e-mail address from userdata:
        if($ts_data['user_id'] > 0)
         {
          $email_result = mysql_query("SELECT user_name, user_email FROM ".$db_settings['userdata_table']." WHERE user_id = ".intval($ts_data['user_id'])." LIMIT 1", $connid) or raise_error('database_error',mysql_error());
          $field = mysql_fetch_array($email_result);
          mysql_free_result($email_result);
          $ts_data['name'] = $field['user_name'];
          $ts_data['email'] = $field['user_email'];
         }
        $name = $data['name'];
        $subject = $data['subject'];
        $text = email_format($data['text']);
        $starter_text = email_format($ts_data["text"]);
        $emailbody = str_replace("[recipient]", $ts_data['name'], $lang['email_text']);
        $emailbody = str_replace("[name]", $name, $emailbody);
        $emailbody = str_replace("[subject]", $subject, $emailbody);
        $emailbody = str_replace("[text]", $text, $emailbody);
        $emailbody = str_replace("[posting_address]", $settings['forum_address']."index.php?id=".$id, $emailbody);
        $emailbody = str_replace("[original_subject]", $ts_data['subject'], $emailbody);
        $emailbody = str_replace("[original_text]", $starter_text, $emailbody);
        $emailbody = str_replace("[forum_address]", $settings['forum_address'], $emailbody);
        if($delayed==true) $emailbody = $emailbody . "\n\n" . $lang['email_text_delayed_addition'];
        #$recipient = encode_mail_name($ts_data['name']).' <'.$ts_data['email'].'>';
        $recipient = $ts_data['email'];
        $subject = str_replace("[original_subject]",  $ts_data['subject'], $lang['email_subject']);
        my_mail($recipient, $subject, $emailbody);
       }
     }
   }
 }

/**
 * sends an e-mail notification to all admins and mods who have activated
 * e-mail notification
 *
 * @param int $id : the id of the posting
 * @param bool $delayed : true adds a delayed message (when postibg was activated manually)
 */
function emailNotification2ModsAndAdmins($id, $delayed=false)
 {
  global $settings, $db_settings, $lang, $connid;
  $id=intval($id);
  // data of posting:
  $result = @mysql_query("SELECT pid, name, user_name, ".$db_settings['forum_table'].".user_id, subject, text
                         FROM ".$db_settings['forum_table']."
                         LEFT JOIN ".$db_settings['userdata_table']." ON ".$db_settings['userdata_table'].".user_id=".$db_settings['forum_table'].".user_id
                         WHERE id = ".intval($id)." LIMIT 1", $connid);
  $data = mysql_fetch_array($result);
  mysql_free_result($result);
  // overwrite $data['name'] with $data['user_name'] if registered user:
  if($data['user_id']>0)
   {
    if(!$data['user_name']) $data['name'] = $lang['unknown_user'];
    else $data['name'] = $data['user_name'];
   }
  $name = $data['name'];
  $subject = $data['subject'];
  $text = email_format($data['text']);
  if($data['pid'] > 0) $emailbody = str_replace("[name]", $name, $lang['admin_email_text_reply']); else $emailbody = str_replace("[name]", $name, $lang['admin_email_text']);
  $emailbody = str_replace("[subject]", $subject, $emailbody);
  $emailbody = str_replace("[text]", $text, $emailbody);
  $emailbody = str_replace("[posting_address]", $settings['forum_address']."index.php?id=".$id, $emailbody);
  $emailbody = str_replace("[forum_address]", $settings['forum_address'], $emailbody);
  if($delayed==true) $emailbody = $emailbody . "\n\n" . $lang['email_text_delayed_addition'];
  $lang['admin_email_subject'] = str_replace("[subject]", $subject, $lang['admin_email_subject']);
  // who gets an E-mail notification?
  $recipient_result = @mysql_query("SELECT user_name, user_email FROM ".$db_settings['userdata_table']." WHERE user_type > 0 AND new_posting_notification=1", $connid) or raise_error('database_error',mysql_error());
  while($admin_array = mysql_fetch_array($recipient_result))
   {
    $ind_emailbody = str_replace("[admin]", $admin_array['user_name'], $emailbody);
    #$recipient = encode_mail_name($admin_array['user_name']).' <'.$admin_array['user_email'].'>';
    $recipient = $admin_array['user_email'];
    my_mail($recipient, $lang['admin_email_subject'], $ind_emailbody);
   }
  mysql_free_result($recipient_result);
 }

/**
 * function for the up/down buttons in the admin area in case JavaScript
 * isn't available
 *
 * @param string $table : name of database table
 * @param int $id : id of the item
 * @param string $direction : 'up' or 'down'
 */
function move_item($table, $id, $direction)
 {
  global $connid;
  if($direction=='up')
   {
    $result = mysql_query("SELECT order_id FROM ".$table." WHERE id = ".intval($id)." LIMIT 1", $connid) or die(mysql_error());
    $data = mysql_fetch_array($result);
    mysql_free_result($result);
    if($data['order_id'] > 1)
     {
      mysql_query("UPDATE ".$table." SET order_id=0 WHERE order_id=".$data['order_id']."-1", $connid);
      mysql_query("UPDATE ".$table." SET order_id=order_id-1 WHERE order_id=".$data['order_id'], $connid);
      mysql_query("UPDATE ".$table." SET order_id=".$data['order_id']." WHERE order_id=0", $connid);
     }
   }
  else // down
   {
    list($item_count) = mysql_fetch_row(mysql_query("SELECT COUNT(*) FROM ".$table, $connid));
    $result = mysql_query("SELECT order_id FROM ".$table." WHERE id = ".intval($id)." LIMIT 1", $connid) or die(mysql_error());
    $data = mysql_fetch_array($result);
    mysql_free_result($result);
    if ($data['order_id'] < $item_count)
     {
      mysql_query("UPDATE ".$table." SET order_id=0 WHERE order_id=".$data['order_id']."+1", $connid);
      mysql_query("UPDATE ".$table." SET order_id=order_id+1 WHERE order_id=".$data['order_id'], $connid);
      mysql_query("UPDATE ".$table." SET order_id=".$data['order_id']." WHERE order_id=0", $connid);
     }
   }
 }

/**
 * resizes uploaded images
 *
 * @param string $uploaded_file : uploaded file
 * @param string $file : destination file
 * @param int $new_width : new width
 * @param int $new_height : new height
 * @param int $compression : compression rate
 * @return bool
 */
function resize_image($uploaded_file, $file, $new_width, $new_height, $compression=80)
 {
  if(file_exists($file))
   {
    @chmod($file, 0777);
    @unlink($file);
   }

  $image_info = getimagesize($uploaded_file);
  if(!is_array($image_info) || $image_info[2] != 1 && $image_info[2] != 2 && $image_info[2] != 3) $error = true;
  if(empty($error))
  {
  if($image_info[2]==1) // GIF
   {
    $current_image = @imagecreatefromgif($uploaded_file) or $error = true;
    if(empty($error)) $new_image = @imagecreate($new_width,$new_height) or $error = true;
    if(empty($error)) @imagecopyresampled($new_image,$current_image,0,0,0,0,$new_width,$new_height,$image_info[0],$image_info[1]) or $error=true;
    if(empty($error)) @imagegif($new_image, $file) or $error = true;
   }
  elseif($image_info[2]==2) // JPG
   {
    $current_image = @imagecreatefromjpeg($uploaded_file) or $error = true;
    if(empty($error)) $new_image=@imagecreatetruecolor($new_width,$new_height) or $error = true;
    if(empty($error)) @imagecopyresampled($new_image,$current_image,0,0,0,0,$new_width,$new_height,$image_info[0],$image_info[1]) or $error = true;
    if(empty($error)) @imagejpeg($new_image, $file, $compression) or $error = true;
   }
  elseif($image_info[2]==3) // PNG
   {
    $current_image=imagecreatefrompng($uploaded_file) or $error = true;
    if(empty($error)) $new_image=imagecreatetruecolor($new_width,$new_height) or $error = true;
    if(empty($error)) imagecopyresampled($new_image,$current_image,0,0,0,0,$new_width,$new_height,$image_info[0],$image_info[1]) or $error = true;
    if(empty($error)) imagepng($new_image, $file) or $error = $true;
   }
  }
  if(empty($error)) return true;
  else return false;
 }

/**
 * returns an array with recent tags
 *
 * @param int $days : period in days
 * @param int $scale_min : frequency mimimum scale
 * @param int $scale_max : frequency maximun scale
 * @return array
 */
function tag_cloud($days,$scale_min,$scale_max)
 {
  global $category, $categories, $category_ids_query, $db_settings,$connid;
  if($categories==false)
   {
    $result = @mysql_query("SELECT tags FROM ".$db_settings['forum_table']." WHERE time > (NOW() - INTERVAL ".intval($days)." DAY)", $connid);
   }
  else
   {
    if($category>0)
     {
      $result = @mysql_query("SELECT tags FROM ".$db_settings['forum_table']." WHERE category=".intval($category)." AND time > (NOW() - INTERVAL ".intval($days)." DAY)", $connid);
     }
    else
     {
      $result = @mysql_query("SELECT tags FROM ".$db_settings['forum_table']." WHERE category IN (".$category_ids_query.") AND time > (NOW() - INTERVAL ".intval($days)." DAY)", $connid);
     }
   }
  if(mysql_num_rows($result)>0)
   {
    while($data = mysql_fetch_array($result))
     {
      $entry_tags = $data['tags'];
      if($entry_tags!='')
       {
        $tags_help_array = explode(';',$entry_tags);
        $i=0;
        foreach($tags_help_array as $tag)
         {
          if($tag!='')
           {
            $all_tags[] = $tag;
            $i++;
           }
         }
       }
     }
   }

  if(isset($all_tags))
   {
    $tags_array = array();
    foreach($all_tags as $tag)
     {
      if(isset($tags_array[$tag])) $tags_array[$tag]++;
      else
       {
        $tags_array[$tag] = 1;
       }
     }
    ksort($tags_array);

    // minimum and maximum value:
    foreach($tags_array as $tag)
     {
      if(empty($max)) $max=$tag; elseif($tag>$max) $max=$tag;
      if(empty($min)) $min=$tag; elseif($tag<$min) $min=$tag;
     }
    reset($tags_array);

    if($max-$min<1) $d = 1;
    else $d = $max-$min;
    $m = ($scale_max-$scale_min)/$d;
    $t = $scale_min-$m*$min;

    $i=0;
    while(list($key, $val) = each($tags_array))
     {
      if(my_strpos($key, ' ', 0, CHARSET)) $tag_escaped='"'.$key.'"';
      else $tag_escaped = $key;
      $tags[$i]['tag'] = $key;
      $tags[$i]['escaped'] = urlencode($tag_escaped);
      $tags[$i]['frequency'] = round($m*$val+$t,0);
      $i++;
     }
   }
  if(isset($tags)) return $tags;
  else return false;
 }

/**
 * converts a unix timestamp into a formated date string
 *
 * @param string $format : like parameter for strfTIMESTAMP
 * @param int $timestamp : UNIX timestamp
 * @return string
 */
function format_time($format, $timestamp=0)
 {
  if($timestamp==0) $timestamp=TIMESTAMP;
  if(defined('LOCALE_CHARSET'))
   {
    return iconv(LOCALE_CHARSET,CHARSET,strftime($format,$timestamp));
   }
  else
   {
    return strftime($format,$timestamp);
   }
 }

/**
 * checks permission to edit a posting
 *
 * @return int : 0 = not authorized, 1 = edit period expired, 2 = locked, 3 = posting has replies, 4 = no replies
 */
function get_edit_authorization($id, $posting_user_id, $edit_key, $time, $locked)
 {
  global $settings, $db_settings, $connid;

  $authorization['edit'] = false;
  $authorization['delete'] = false;

  $reply_result = mysql_query("SELECT COUNT(*) FROM ".$db_settings['forum_table']." WHERE pid = ".intval($id), $connid);
  list($replies) = mysql_fetch_row($reply_result);
  #$authorization['replies'] = $replies;

  if($settings['edit_min_time_period'] != 0 && (TIMESTAMP - $settings['edit_min_time_period']*60) < $time) $edit_min_time_period_expired = false;
  else $edit_min_time_period_expired = true;

  if($settings['edit_max_time_period'] == 0 || (TIMESTAMP - $settings['edit_max_time_period']*60) < $time) $edit_max_time_period_expired = false;
  else $edit_max_time_period_expired = true;

  if($locked == 0) $locked = false;
  else $locked = true;

  if(isset($_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'user_id']) && isset($_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'user_type'])) // registered user
   {
    if($_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'user_type'] > 0) // admin or mod
     {
      $authorization['edit'] = true;
      $authorization['delete'] = true;
     }
    elseif($_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'user_type']==0)
     {
      if($posting_user_id == $_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'user_id'] && $settings['user_edit'] > 0 && $edit_max_time_period_expired==false && $locked==false)
       {
        if($settings['user_edit_if_no_replies']==0 || ($settings['user_edit_if_no_replies']==1 && ($replies==0 || $edit_min_time_period_expired==false)))
         {
          $authorization['edit'] = true;
         }
        if($replies==0)
         {
          $authorization['delete'] = true;
         }
       }
     }
   }
  elseif($settings['user_edit']>1 && isset($_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'edit_keys']))
   {
    if(isset($_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'edit_keys'][$id]) && is_pw_correct($_SESSION[$settings['session_prefix'].'edit_keys'][$id],$edit_key) && trim($edit_key)!='' && $edit_max_time_period_expired==false && $locked==false)
     {
      if($settings['user_edit_if_no_replies']==0 || ($settings['user_edit_if_no_replies']==1 && ($replies==0 || $edit_min_time_period_expired==false)))
       {
        $authorization['edit'] = true;
       }
      if($replies==0)
       {
        $authorization['delete'] = true;
       }
     }
   }
  return $authorization;
 }

/**
 * creates a backup file
 *
 * @param int $mode : 0 = complete, 1 = entries, 2 = userdata
 * @return bool
 */
function create_backup_file($mode=0)
 {
  global $settings, $db_settings, $connid;
  #@set_time_limit(30);
  $mode=intval($mode);
  if($mode<0 || $mode > 7) $mode = 0;

  require('includes/classes/Backup.class.php');
  $backup = new Backup;
  $backup->set_max_queries(500);

  switch($mode)
   {
    case 0: $filename = 'mlf_backup_complete_'.gmdate("YmdHis").'.sql'; break;
    case 1: $filename = 'mlf_backup_entries_'.gmdate("YmdHis").'.sql'; break;
    case 2: $filename = 'mlf_backup_userdata_'.gmdate("YmdHis").'.sql'; break;
    case 3: $filename = 'mlf_backup_settings_'.gmdate("YmdHis").'.sql'; break;
    case 4: $filename = 'mlf_backup_categories_'.gmdate("YmdHis").'.sql'; break;
    case 5: $filename = 'mlf_backup_pages_'.gmdate("YmdHis").'.sql'; break;
    case 6: $filename = 'mlf_backup_smilies_'.gmdate("YmdHis").'.sql'; break;
    case 7: $filename = 'mlf_backup_banlists_'.gmdate("YmdHis").'.sql'; break;
   }

  $backup->set_file('backup/'.$filename);

  $backup->assign("# Database backup of ".$settings['forum_name'].", created on ".date("F d, Y, H:i:s")."\n");

  if($mode==0 || $mode==3) // settings
   {
    $backup->assign("#\n");
    $backup->assign("# ".$db_settings['settings_table']."\n");
    $backup->assign("#\n");
    $backup->assign("TRUNCATE TABLE ".$db_settings['settings_table'].";\n");
    $result = @mysql_query("SELECT name, value FROM ".$db_settings['settings_table'], $connid) or $error=true;
    while($data = mysql_fetch_array($result))
     {
      $data['name'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['name']);
      $data['value'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['value']);
      $backup->assign("INSERT INTO ".$db_settings['settings_table']." VALUES ('".$data['name']."', '".$data['value']."');\n");
     }
    mysql_free_result($result);
   }

  if($mode==0 || $mode==4) // categories
   {
    $backup->assign("#\n");
    $backup->assign("# ".$db_settings['category_table']."\n");
    $backup->assign("#\n");
    $backup->assign("TRUNCATE TABLE ".$db_settings['category_table'].";\n");
    $result = @mysql_query("SELECT id, order_id, category, description, accession FROM ".$db_settings['category_table'], $connid) or $error=true;
    while($data = mysql_fetch_array($result))
     {
      $data['category'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['category']);
      $data['description'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['description']);
      $data['description'] = str_replace("\r", "\\r", $data['description']);
      $data['description'] = str_replace("\n",  "\\n", $data['description']);
      $backup->assign("INSERT INTO ".$db_settings['category_table']." VALUES (".$data['id'].", ".$data['order_id'].", '".$data['category']."', '".$data['description']."', ".$data['accession'].");\n");
     }
    mysql_free_result($result);
   }

  if($mode==0 || $mode==5) // pages
   {
    $backup->assign("#\n");
    $backup->assign("# ".$db_settings['pages_table']."\n");
    $backup->assign("#\n");
    $backup->assign("TRUNCATE TABLE ".$db_settings['pages_table'].";\n");
    $result = @mysql_query("SELECT id, order_id, title, content, menu_linkname, access FROM ".$db_settings['pages_table'], $connid) or $error=true;
    while($data = mysql_fetch_array($result))
     {
      $data['title'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['title']);
      $data['content'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['content']);
      $data['content'] = str_replace("\r", "\\r", $data['content']);
      $data['content'] = str_replace("\n",  "\\n", $data['content']);
      $data['menu_linkname'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['menu_linkname']);
      $backup->assign("INSERT INTO ".$db_settings['pages_table']." VALUES (".$data['id'].", ".$data['order_id'].", '".$data['title']."', '".$data['content']."', '".$data['menu_linkname']."', ".$data['access'].");\n");
     }
    mysql_free_result($result);
   }

  if($mode==0 || $mode==6) // smilies
   {
    $backup->assign("#\n");
    $backup->assign("# ".$db_settings['smilies_table']."\n");
    $backup->assign("#\n");
    $backup->assign("TRUNCATE TABLE ".$db_settings['smilies_table'].";\n");
    $result = @mysql_query("SELECT id, order_id, file, code_1, code_2, code_3, code_4, code_5, title FROM ".$db_settings['smilies_table'], $connid) or $error=true;
    while($data = mysql_fetch_array($result))
     {
      $data['file'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['file']);
      $data['code_1'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['code_1']);
      $data['code_2'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['code_2']);
      $data['code_3'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['code_3']);
      $data['code_4'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['code_4']);
      $data['code_5'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['code_5']);
      $data['title'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['title']);
      $backup->assign("INSERT INTO ".$db_settings['smilies_table']." VALUES (".$data['id'].", ".$data['order_id'].", '".$data['file']."', '".$data['code_1']."', '".$data['code_2']."', '".$data['code_3']."', '".$data['code_4']."', '".$data['code_5']."', '".$data['title']."');\n");
     }
    mysql_free_result($result);
   }

  if($mode==0 || $mode==7) // banlists
   {
    $backup->assign("#\n");
    $backup->assign("# ".$db_settings['banlists_table']."\n");
    $backup->assign("#\n");
    $backup->assign("TRUNCATE TABLE ".$db_settings['banlists_table'].";\n");
    $result = @mysql_query("SELECT name, list FROM ".$db_settings['banlists_table'], $connid) or $error=true;
    while($data = mysql_fetch_array($result))
     {
      $data['name'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['name']);
      $data['list'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['list']);
      $backup->assign("INSERT INTO ".$db_settings['banlists_table']." VALUES ('".$data['name']."', '".$data['list']."');\n");
     }
    mysql_free_result($result);
   }

  if($mode==0 || $mode==2) // userdata
   {
    $backup->assign("#\n");
    $backup->assign("# ".$db_settings['userdata_table']."\n");
    $backup->assign("#\n");
    $backup->assign("TRUNCATE TABLE ".$db_settings['userdata_table'].";\n");
    $backup->assign("TRUNCATE TABLE ".$db_settings['userdata_cache_table'].";\n");
    $result = @mysql_query("SELECT user_id, user_type, user_name, user_real_name, gender, birthday, user_pw, user_email, email_contact, user_hp, user_location, signature, profile, logins, last_login, last_logout, user_ip, registered, category_selection, thread_order, user_view, sidebar, fold_threads, thread_display, new_posting_notification, new_user_notification, user_lock, auto_login_code, pwf_code, activate_code, language, time_zone, time_difference, theme, entries_read FROM ".$db_settings['userdata_table'], $connid) or $error=true;
    $time_start = TIMESTAMP;
    while($data = mysql_fetch_array($result))
     {
      $data['user_name'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['user_name']);
      $data['user_real_name'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['user_real_name']);
      $data['birthday'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['birthday']);
      $data['user_pw'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['user_pw']);
      $data['user_email'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['user_email']);
      $data['user_hp'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['user_hp']);
      $data['user_location'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['user_location']);
      $data['signature'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['signature']);
      $data['signature'] = str_replace("\r", "\\r", $data['signature']);
      $data['signature'] = str_replace("\n",  "\\n", $data['signature']);
      $data['profile'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['profile']);
      $data['profile'] = str_replace("\r", "\\r", $data['profile']);
      $data['profile'] = str_replace("\n",  "\\n", $data['profile']);
      $data['last_login'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['last_logout']);
      $data['user_ip'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['user_ip']);
      $data['registered'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['registered']);
      if(is_null($data['category_selection'])) $data['category_selection'] = 'NULL'; else $data['category_selection'] = "'".mysql_real_escape_string($data['category_selection'])."'";
      $data['language'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['language']);
      $data['time_zone'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['time_zone']);
      $data['theme'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['theme']);
      $data['entries_read'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['entries_read']);
      $data['auto_login_code'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['auto_login_code']);
      $data['pwf_code'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['pwf_code']);
      $data['activate_code'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['activate_code']);
      $backup->assign("INSERT INTO ".$db_settings['userdata_table']." VALUES (".$data['user_id'].", ".$data['user_type'].", '".$data['user_name']."', '".$data['user_real_name']."', ".$data['gender'].", '".$data['birthday']."', '".$data['user_pw']."', '".$data['user_email']."', ".$data['email_contact'].", '".$data['user_hp']."', '".$data['user_location']."', '".$data['signature']."', '".$data['profile']."', ".$data['logins'].", '".$data['last_login']."', '".$data['last_logout']."', '".$data['user_ip']."', '".$data['registered']."', ".$data['category_selection'].", ".$data['thread_order'].", ".$data['user_view'].", ".$data['sidebar'].", ".$data['fold_threads'].", ".$data['thread_display'].", ".$data['new_posting_notification'].", ".$data['new_user_notification'].", ".$data['user_lock'].", '".$data['auto_login_code']."', '".$data['pwf_code']."', '".$data['activate_code']."', '".$data['language']."', '".$data['time_zone']."', ".$data['time_difference'].", '".$data['theme']."', '".$data['entries_read']."');\n");
     }
    mysql_free_result($result);
   }

  if($mode==0 || $mode==1) // entries
   {
    $backup->assign("#\n");
    $backup->assign("# ".$db_settings['forum_table']."\n");
    $backup->assign("#\n");
    $backup->assign("TRUNCATE TABLE ".$db_settings['forum_table'].";\n");
    $backup->assign("TRUNCATE TABLE ".$db_settings['entry_cache_table'].";\n");
    $result = @mysql_query("SELECT id,pid,tid,uniqid,time,last_reply,edited,edited_by,user_id,name,subject,category,email,hp,location,ip,text,tags,show_signature,email_notification,marked,locked,sticky,views,spam,spam_check_status,edit_key FROM ".$db_settings['forum_table'], $connid) or $error=true;
    $time_start = TIMESTAMP;
    while($data = mysql_fetch_array($result))
     {
      $data['uniqid'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['uniqid']);
      $data['time'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['time']);
      $data['last_reply'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['last_reply']);
      $data['edited'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['edited']);
      if(is_null($data['edited_by'])) $data['edited_by'] = 'NULL'; else $data['edited_by'] = intval($data['edited_by']);
      $data['name'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['name']);
      $data['subject'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['subject']);
      $data['email'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['email']);
      $data['location'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['location']);
      $data['ip'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['ip']);
      $data['tags'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['tags']);
      #$data['text'] = iconv("UTF-8","ISO-8859-1",$data['text']);
      $data['text'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['text']);
      $data['text'] = str_replace("\r", "\\r", $data['text']);
      $data['text'] = str_replace("\n",  "\\n", $data['text']);
      $data['edit_key'] = mysql_real_escape_string($data['edit_key']);
      $backup->assign("INSERT INTO ".$db_settings['forum_table']." VALUES (".$data['id'].", ".$data['pid'].", ".$data['tid'].", '".$data['uniqid']."', '".$data['time']."', '".$data['last_reply']."', '".$data['edited']."', ".$data['edited_by'].", ".$data['user_id'].", '".$data['name']."', '".$data['subject']."', ".$data['category'].", '".$data['email']."', '".$data['hp']."', '".$data['location']."', '".$data['ip']."', '".$data['text']."', '".$data['tags']."', ".$data['show_signature'].", ".$data['email_notification'].", ".$data['marked'].", ".$data['locked'].", ".$data['sticky'].", ".$data['views'].", ".$data['spam'].", ".$data['spam_check_status'].", '".$data['edit_key']."');\n");
     }
    mysql_free_result($result);
   }

  if(empty($error))
   {
    if(!$backup->save()) $error = true;
   }

  if(empty($error))
   {
    return true;
   }
  else
   {
    return false;
   }
 }

/**
 * restores a backup file
 *
 * @param string $backup_file
 */
function restore_backup($backup_file)
 {
  global $connid, $error_message;
  @set_time_limit(30);
  $time_start = TIMESTAMP;
  $handle = fopen ($backup_file, "r");
  @mysql_query("START TRANSACTION", $connid) or die(mysql_error());
  while (!feof($handle))
   {
    #$buffer = fgets($handle, 20480);
    $buffer = fgets($handle);
    $buffer = trim($buffer);
    if(my_substr($buffer, -1, my_strlen($buffer, CHARSET), CHARSET)==';') $buffer = my_substr($buffer,0,-1,CHARSET);

    if($buffer != '' && my_substr($buffer,0,1,CHARSET)!='#')
     {
      if(!@mysql_query($buffer, $connid))
       {
        $error_message = mysql_error($connid);
        break;
       }
     }
    $time_now = TIMESTAMP;
    if(($time_now-25)>=$time_start)
     {
      $time_start = $time_now;
      @set_time_limit(30);
     }
   }
  @mysql_query("COMMIT", $connid);
  fclose ($handle);

  if(empty($error_message)) return true;
  else return false;
 }

/**
 * checks file names
 *
 * @param string $filename
 * @return bool
 */
function check_filename($filename)
 {
  #$file_name = trim($filename);
  #$file_name = str_replace('/','',$file_name);
  #$file_name = str_replace('\\','',$file_name);
  #$file_name = str_replace('..','',$file_name);
  #return $file_name;
  if(preg_match('/^[a-zA-Z0-9._\-]+$/', $filename)) return true;
  else return false;
 }

/**
 * generates a random string
 *
 * @param int $length
 * @param string $characters
 * @return string
 */
function random_string($length=8,$characters='abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789')
 {
  $random_string = '';
  $characters_length = strlen($characters);
  for($i=0;$i<$length;$i++)
   {
    $random_string .= $characters[mt_rand(0, $characters_length - 1)];
   }
  return $random_string;
 }

/**
 * generates password hash
 *
 * @param string $pw
 * @return string
 */
function generate_pw_hash($pw)
 {
  $salt = random_string(10,'0123456789abcdef');
  $salted_hash = sha1($pw.$salt);
  $hash_with_salt = $salted_hash.$salt;
  return $hash_with_salt;
 }

/**
 * checks password comparing it with the hash
 *
 * @param string $pw
 * @param string $hash
 * @return bool
 */
function is_pw_correct($pw,$hash)
 {
  if(strlen($hash)==50) // salted sha1 hash with salt
   {
    $salted_hash = substr($hash,0,40);
    $salt = substr($hash,40,10);
    if(sha1($pw.$salt)==$salted_hash) return true;
    else return false;
   }
  elseif(strlen($hash)==32) // md5 hash generated in an older version
   {
    if($hash == md5($pw)) return true;
    else return false;
   }
  else return false;
 }

/**
 * add "http://" to url if given without protocol
 *
 * @param string $url
 * @return string
 */
function add_http_if_no_protocol($url)
 {
  if(my_substr($url,0,7,CHARSET) != 'http://' && my_substr($url,0,8,CHARSET) != 'https://' && my_substr($url,0,6,CHARSET) != 'ftp://' && my_substr($url,0,9,CHARSET) != 'gopher://' && my_substr($url,0,7,CHARSET) != 'news://')
   {
    $url = 'http://'.$url;
   }
  return $url;
 }

/**
 * determine string length using mb_strlen if available or strlen if not
 *
 * @param string $string
 * @param string $encoding
 * @return int
 */
function my_strlen($string, $encoding='utf-8')
 {
  if(function_exists('mb_strlen'))
   {
    return mb_strlen($string, $encoding);
   }
  else
   {
    return strlen($string);
   }
 }

/**
 * returns string with all alphabetic characters converted to lowercase
 * using mb_strtolower if available or strtolower if not
 *
 * @param string $string
 * @param string $encoding
 * @return string
 */
function my_strtolower($string, $encoding='utf-8')
 {
  if(function_exists('mb_strtolower'))
   {
    return mb_strtolower($string, $encoding);
   }
  else
   {
    return strtolower($string);
   }
 }

/**
 * gets part of string using mb_substr if available or substr if not
 *
 * @param string $string
 * @param string $encoding
 * @return string
 */
function my_substr($string, $start, $length, $encoding='utf-8')
 {
  if(function_exists('mb_substr'))
   {
    return mb_substr($string, $start, $length, $encoding);
   }
  else
   {
    return substr($string, $start, $length);
   }
 }

/**
 * find position of first occurrence of string in a string using mb_strpos
 * if available or strpos if not
 *
 * @param string $haystack
 * @param mixed $needle
 * @param int $offset
 * @param string $encoding
 * @return string
 */
function my_strpos($haystack, $needle, $offset=0, $encoding='utf-8')
 {
  if(function_exists('mb_strpos'))
   {
    return mb_strpos($haystack, $needle, $offset, $encoding);
   }
  else
   {
    return strpos($haystack, $needle, $offset);
   }
 }

/**
 * encodes sender or recipient name
 *
 * @param string $name
 * @return string
 */
function encode_mail_name($name, $charset=CHARSET, $linefeed="\r\n")
 {
  $name = str_replace('"', '\\"', $name);
  if(preg_match("/(\.|\;|\")/", $name))
   {
    return '"'.my_mb_encode_mimeheader($name, $charset, "Q", $linefeed).'"';
   }
  else
   {
    return my_mb_encode_mimeheader($name, $charset, "Q", $linefeed);
   }
 }

/**
 * removes line breaks to avoid e-mail header injections
 *
 * @param string $string
 * @return string
 */
 function mail_header_filter($string)
   {
    return preg_replace("/(\015\012|\015|\012)/", '', $string);
   }

/**
 * encodes a given string by the MIME header encoding scheme using
 * mb_encode_mimeheader if available or base64_encode if not
 *
 * @param string $string
 * @param string $encoding
 * @param string $transfer_encoding
 * @return string
 */
function my_mb_encode_mimeheader($string, $charset, $transfer_encoding, $linefeed="\r\n")
 {
  if(function_exists('mb_internal_encoding') && function_exists('mb_encode_mimeheader'))
   {
    mb_internal_encoding($charset);
    $string = mb_encode_mimeheader($string, $charset, $transfer_encoding, $linefeed);
    return $string;
   }
  else
   {
    return '=?'.$charset.'?B?'.base64_encode($string).'?=';
   }
 }

/**
 * Encode string to quoted-printable.
 * Original written by Andy Prevost http://phpmailer.sourceforge.net
 * and distributed under the Lesser General Public License (LGPL) http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/lesser.html
 *
 * @return string
 */
function my_quoted_printable_encode($input, $line_max=76, $space_conv = false )
 {
  $hex = array('0','1','2','3','4','5','6','7','8','9','A','B','C','D','E','F');
  $lines = preg_split('/(?:\r\n|\r|\n)/', $input);
  $eol = "\n";
  $escape = '=';
  $output = '';
  while(list(, $line) = each($lines))
   {
    $linlen = strlen($line);
    $newline = '';
    for($i = 0; $i < $linlen; $i++)
     {
      $c = substr($line, $i, 1);
      $dec = ord( $c );
      if(($i == 0) && ($dec == 46)) // convert first point in the line into =2E
       { 
        $c = '=2E';
       }
      if($dec == 32)
       {
        if($i==($linlen-1)) // convert space at eol only
         {
          $c = '=20';
         }
        elseif($space_conv)
         {
          $c = '=20';
         }
        }
       elseif(($dec == 61) || ($dec < 32) || ($dec > 126)) // always encode "\t", which is *not* required
        { 
         $h2 = floor($dec/16);
         $h1 = floor($dec%16);
         $c = $escape.$hex[$h2].$hex[$h1];
        }
       if((strlen($newline) + strlen($c)) >= $line_max) // CRLF is not counted
        { 
         $output .= $newline.$escape.$eol; //  soft line break; " =\r\n" is okay
         $newline = '';
         if($dec == 46) // check if newline first character will be point or not
          {
           $c = '=2E';
          }
        }
       $newline .= $c;
     } // end of for
    $output .= $newline.$eol;
   } // end of while
  return $output;
 }

/**
 * tries to find a simpler character encoding to encode the e-mail
 *
 * @param string $string
 * @return string
 */
function get_mail_encoding($string)
 {
  if(preg_match('%^(?:[\x09\x0A\x0D\x20-\x7E])*$%xs', $string)) return 'US-ASCII';
  #elseif(preg_match('/^([\x09\x0A\x0D\x20-\x7E\xA0-\xFF])*$/', $string)) return 'ISO-8859-1';
  else return strtoupper(CHARSET);
 }

/**
 * sends an email
 *
 * @param string $to
 * @param string $subject
 * @param string $message
 * @param string $headers
 * @return string
 */
function my_mail($to, $subject, $message, $from='')
 {
  global $settings;
  $mail_header_separator = "\n"; // "\r\n" complies with RFC 2822 but might cause problems in some cases (see http://php.net/manual/en/function.mail.php)

  if($from=='') $mail_charset = get_mail_encoding($subject.$message.$settings['forum_name'].$settings['forum_email']);
  else $mail_charset = get_mail_encoding($subject.$message.$from);

  $to = mail_header_filter($to);
  $subject = my_mb_encode_mimeheader(mail_header_filter($subject), $mail_charset, "Q", $mail_header_separator);
  $message = my_quoted_printable_encode($message);
  
  if($from == '')
   {
    $headers = "From: " . encode_mail_name($settings['forum_name'], $mail_charset, $mail_header_separator)." <".$settings['forum_email'].">". $mail_header_separator;
   }
  else
   {
    $headers  = "From: " . mail_header_filter($from) . $mail_header_separator;
   }

  $headers .= "MIME-Version: 1.0" . $mail_header_separator;
  $headers .= "X-Sender-IP: ". $_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'] . $mail_header_separator;
  $headers .= "Content-Type: text/plain; charset=" . $mail_charset . $mail_header_separator;
  $headers .= "Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable";

  if($settings['mail_parameter']!='')
   {
    if(@mail($to, $subject, $message, $headers, $settings['mail_parameter']))
     {
      return true;
     }
    else
     {
      return false;
     }
   }
  else
   {
    if(@mail($to, $subject, $message, $headers))
     {
      return true;
     }
    else
     {
      return false;
     }
   }
 }

/**
 * checks if the IP of the user is banned
 *
 * @author Nico Hoffmann <oxensepp at gmx dot de>
 * @param string $ip
 * @param array $banned_ips
 * @reurn bool
 */
function is_ip_banned($ip, $banned_ips)
 {
  foreach($banned_ips as $banned_ip) // go through every $banned_ip
   {
    if(strpos($banned_ip,'*')!==false) // $banned_ip contains "*" = > IP range
     {
      $ip_range = substr($banned_ip, 0, strpos($banned_ip, '*')); // fetch part before "*"
      if(strpos($ip, $ip_range)===0) // check if IP begins with part before "*"
       {
        return true;
       }
     }
    elseif(strpos($banned_ip,'/')!==false && preg_match("/(([0-9]{1,3}\.){3}[0-9]{1,3})\/([0-9]{1,2})/", $banned_ip, $regs)) // $banned_ip contains "/" => CIDR notation (the regular expression is only used if $banned_ip contains "/")
     {
      // convert IP into bit pattern:
      $n_user_leiste = '00000000000000000000000000000000'; // 32 bits
      $n_user_ip = explode('.',trim($ip));
      for ($i = 0; $i <= 3; $i++) // go through every byte
       {
        for ($n_j = 0; $n_j < 8; $n_j++) // ... check every bit
         {
          if($n_user_ip[$i] >= pow(2, 7-$n_j)) // set to 1 if necessary
           {
            $n_user_ip[$i] = $n_user_ip[$i] - pow(2, 7-$n_j);
            $n_user_leiste[$n_j + $i*8] = '1';
           }
         }
       }
      // analyze prefix length:
      $n_byte_array = explode('.',trim($regs[1])); // IP -> 4 Byte
      $n_cidr_bereich = $regs[3]; // prefix length
      // bit pattern:
      $n_bitleiste = '00000000000000000000000000000000';
      for ($i = 0; $i <= 3; $i++) // go through every byte
       {
        if ($n_byte_array[$i] > 255) // invalid
         {
          $n_cidr_bereich = 0;
         }
        for ($n_j = 0; $n_j < 8; $n_j++) // ... check every bit
         {
          if($n_byte_array[$i] >= pow(2, 7-$n_j)) // set to 1 if necessary
           {
            $n_byte_array[$i] = $n_byte_array[$i] - pow(2, 7-$n_j);
            $n_bitleiste[$n_j + $i*8] = '1';
           }
         }
       }
      // check if bit patterns match on the first n chracters:
      if (strncmp($n_bitleiste, $n_user_leiste, $n_cidr_bereich) == 0 && $n_cidr_bereich > 0)
       {
        return true;
       }
     }
    else // neither "*" nor "/" => simple comparison:
     {
      if($ip == $banned_ip)
       {
        return true;
       }
     }
   }
  return false;
 }

/**
 * checks if the user agent is banned
 *
 * @param array $banned_user_agents
 * @reurn bool
 */
function is_user_agent_banned($user_agent, $banned_user_agents)
 {
  foreach($banned_user_agents as $banned_user_agent)
   {
    #if(strpos(strtolower($user_agent),strtolower($banned_user_agent))!==false)  // case insensitive
    #if($banned_user_agent!='' && (preg_match("/".$banned_user_agent."/i",$user_agent))) // case insensitive
    if(strpos($user_agent,$banned_user_agent)!==false) // case sensitive, faster
     {
      return true;
     }
   }
  return false;
 }

/**
 * searches for banned words
 *
 * @param string $string
 * @reurn mixed
 */
function get_not_accepted_words($string)
 {
  global $db_settings, $connid;
  // check for not accepted words:
  $result=mysql_query("SELECT list FROM ".$db_settings['banlists_table']." WHERE name = 'words' LIMIT 1", $connid);
  if(!$result) raise_error('database_error',mysql_error());
  $data = mysql_fetch_array($result);
  mysql_free_result($result);
  if(trim($data['list']) != '')
   {
    $not_accepted_words = explode("\n",$data['list']);
    foreach($not_accepted_words as $not_accepted_word)
     {
      #if($not_accepted_word!='' && (preg_match("/".$not_accepted_word."/i",$name) || preg_match("/".$not_accepted_word."/i",$text) || preg_match("/".$not_accepted_word."/i",$subject) || preg_match("/".$not_accepted_word."/i",$email) || preg_match("/".$not_accepted_word."/i",$hp) || preg_match("/".$not_accepted_word."/i",$location)))
      if($not_accepted_word!='' && my_strpos($string, my_strtolower($not_accepted_word, CHARSET), 0, CHARSET)!==false)
       {
        $found_not_accepted_words[] = $not_accepted_word;
       }
     }
   }
  if(isset($found_not_accepted_words))
   {
    return $found_not_accepted_words;
   }
  else
   {
    return false;
   }
 }

/**
 * checks for invalid characters, used for username checks
 *
 * @param string $string
 * @reurn bool
 */
function contains_special_characters($string)
 {
  #if(!preg_match("/^[a-zA-Z0-9_\- ]+$/", $string)) return true; // only alphanumeric characters, "-", "_" and " " allowed
  if(preg_match("/([[:cntrl:]]|\255)/", $string)) return true; // control characters and soft hyphen
  if(preg_match("/(\x{200b})/u", $string)) return true; // zero width space
  return false;
 }

/**
 * gets available timezones
 *
 * @reurn array
 */
function get_timezones()
 {
  if(!$timezones_raw = @file('config/time_zones')) return false;
  foreach($timezones_raw as $line)
   {
    $line = trim($line);
    if(!empty($line))
     {
      $timezones[] = $line;
     }
   }
  if(isset($timezones)) return $timezones;
  else return false;
 }

/**
 * gets available languages
 *
 * @reurn array
 */
function get_languages($titles=false)
 {
  $handle=opendir('./'.LANG_DIR.'/');
  while($file = readdir($handle))
   {
    if(strrchr($file, '.')=='.lang')
     {
      $language_files[] = $file;
     }
   }
  closedir($handle);
  if(isset($language_files))
   {
    if(!$titles)
     {
      return $language_files;
     }
    else
     {
      natcasesort($language_files);
      $i=0;
      foreach($language_files as $file)
       {
        $t_language_files[$i]['identifier'] = $file;
        $t_language_files[$i]['title'] = ucfirst(str_replace('.lang','',$file));
        $title_parts = explode('.', $t_language_files[$i]['title']);
        if(isset($title_parts[1])) $t_language_files[$i]['title'] = $title_parts[0].' ('.$title_parts[1].')';      
        ++$i;
       }
      return $t_language_files;
     }
   }
  return false;
 }

/**
 * gets available themes
 *
 * @reurn array
 */
function get_themes($titles=false)
 {
  $handle=opendir('./'.THEMES_DIR.'/');
  while($dir = readdir($handle))
   {
    if($dir != '.' && $dir != '..' && is_dir('./'.THEMES_DIR.'/'.$dir) && file_exists('./'.THEMES_DIR.'/'.$dir.'/main.tpl'))
     {
      $themes[] = $dir;
     }
   }
  if(isset($themes))
   {
    if(!$titles)
     {
      return $themes;
     }
    else
     {
      natcasesort($themes);
      $i=0;
      foreach($themes as $t)
       {
        $t_themes[$i]['identifier'] = $t;
        $t_themes[$i]['title'] = str_replace('_',' ', $t);
        ++$i;
       }
      return $t_themes;
     }
   }
  else return false;
 }

/**
 * sends a status code, displays an error message and halts the script
 *
 * @param string $status_code
 */
function raise_error($error,$error_message='')
 {
  global $settings, $lang;
  if(empty($lang['language'])) $lang['language'] ='en';
  if(empty($lang['charset'])) $lang['charset'] ='utf-8';
  if(empty($lang['db_error'])) $lang['db_error'] = 'Database error';
  if(empty($settings['forum_name'])) $settings['forum_name'] = 'my little forum';
  $title = 'Error';
  $message = '';
  switch($error)
   {
    case '403':
     header($_SERVER['SERVER_PROTOCOL'] . " 403 Forbidden");
     header("Status: 403 Forbidden");
     $title = '403 Forbidden';
     $message = 'You don\'t have permission to access this page.';
     break;
    case 'mysql_connect':
     header($_SERVER['SERVER_PROTOCOL'] . " 503 Service Unavailable");
     header("Status: 503 Service Unavailable");
     $title = 'Database error';
     $message = 'Could not connect to the MySQL database. The forum is probably not installed yet.';
     if($error_message!='') $message .= '<br />MySQL error message: '.$error_message;
     break;
    case 'mysql_select_db':
     header($_SERVER['SERVER_PROTOCOL'] . " 503 Service Unavailable");
     header("Status: 503 Service Unavailable");
     $title = 'Database error';
     $message = 'The Database could not be selected. The script is probably not installed yet.';
     if($error_message!='') $message .= '<br />MySQL error message: '.$error_message;
     break;
    case 'database_error':
     header($_SERVER['SERVER_PROTOCOL'] . " 503 Service Unavailable");
     header("Status: 503 Service Unavailable");
     $title = $lang['db_error'];
     if($error_message!='') $message = $error_message;
     break;
    default:
     header($_SERVER['SERVER_PROTOCOL'] . " 503 Service Unavailable");
     header("Status: 503 Service Unavailable");
     break;
   }
  ?><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
  <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="<?php echo $lang['language']; ?>">
  <head>
  <title><?php echo $settings['forum_name'].' - '.$title; ?></title>
  <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=<?php echo $lang['charset']; ?>" />
  <style type="text/css">
  <!--
  body              { color:#000; background:#fff; margin:0; padding:0; font-family: verdana, arial, sans-serif; font-size:100.1%; }
  h1                { font-size:1.25em; }
  p,ul              { font-size:0.82em; line-height:1.45em; }
  #top              { margin:0; padding:0 20px 0 20px; height:4.4em; color:#000000; background:#d2ddea; border-bottom: 1px solid #bacbdf; line-height:4.4em;}
  #top h1           { font-size:1.7em; margin:0; padding:0; color:#000080; }
  #content          { padding:20px; }
  -->
  </style>
  </head>
  <body>
  <div id="top"><h1><?php echo $settings['forum_name']; ?></h1></div>
  <div id="content">
  <h1><?php echo $title; ?></h1>
  <p><?php echo $message; ?></p>
  </div>
  </body>
  </html><?php
  exit;
 }

?>
Return current item: My little forum