Location: PHPKode > projects > Merchant Empires > merchempires/php/db_oracle.inc
<?php
/*
 * Oracle accessor based on Session Management for PHP3
 *
 * Copyright (c) 1998-2000 Luis Francisco Gonzalez Hernandez
 *
 * $Id: db_oracle.inc,v 1.3 2000/07/12 18:22:34 kk Exp $
 *
 */ 

class DB_Sql {
  var $Debug    =  false;
  var $Home     = "/u01/app/oracle/product/8.0.4";
  var $Remote   =  1;
  /* Due to a strange error with Oracle 8.0.5, Apache and PHP3.0.6
     you don't need to set the ENV - on my system Apache
     will change to a zombie, if I don't set this to FALSE!
     If unsure try it out, if it works. */
  var $OraPutEnv   = true;

  var $Database = "";
  var $User     = "";
  var $Password = "";

  var $Link_ID    = 0;
  var $Query_ID  = 0;
  var $Record    = array();
  var $Row;

  var $Errno     = 0;
  var $Error     = "";
  var $ora_no_next_fetch=false;


  /* copied from db_mysql for completeness */
  /* public: identification constant. never change this. */
  var $type     = "oracle";
  var $revision = "1.2";

  var $Halt_On_Error = "yes"; ## "yes" (halt with message), "no" (ignore errors quietly), "report" (ignore errror, but spit a warning)

  /* public: constructor */
  function DB_Sql($query = "") {
    $this->query($query);
  }

  /* public: some trivial reporting */
  function link_id() {
    return $this->Link_ID;
  }

  function query_id() {
    return $this->Query_ID;
  }

  function connect() {
      ## see above why we do this
      if ($this->OraPutEnv) {
        PutEnv("ORACLE_SID=$this->Database");
        PutEnv("ORACLE_HOME=$this->Home");
      }
      if ( 0 == $this->Link_ID ) {
        if($this->Debug) {
          printf("<br>Connect()ing to $this->Database...<br>\n");
        }
        if($this->Remote) {
          if($this->Debug) {
            printf("<br>connect() $this->User/******@$this->Database.world<br>\n");
          }   
          $this->Link_ID=ora_plogon
                 ("$this->User/$this->Password@$this->Database","");
          /************** (comment by SSilk)
           this dosn't work on my system:
          $this->Link_ID=ora_plogon
                 ("$this->User@$this->Database.world","$this->Password");
          ***************/
        } else {
          if($this->Debug) {
            printf("<br>connect() $this->User, $this->Password <br>\n");
          }   
          $this->Link_ID=ora_plogon("$this->User","$this->Password");
          /* (comment by SSilk: don't know how this could work, but I leave this untouched!) */
        }
        if($this->Debug) {
          printf("<br>connect() Link_ID: $this->Link_ID<br>\n");
        }
        if (!$this->Link_ID) {
          $this->halt("connect() Link-ID == false " .
                 "($this->Link_ID), ora_plogon failed");
        } else {
			//echo "commit on<p>";
          ora_commiton($this->Link_ID);
        }
        if($this->Debug) {
          printf("<br>connect() Obtained the Link_ID: $this->Link_ID<br>\n");
        }   
      }
  }
  
  ## In order to increase the # of cursors per system/user go edit the
  ## init.ora file and increase the max_open_cursors parameter. Yours is on
  ## the default value, 100 per user.
  ## We tried to change the behaviour of query() in a way, that it tries
  ## to safe cursors, but on the other side be carefull with this, that you
  ## don't use an old result.
  ## 
  ## You can also make extensive use of ->disconnect()!
  ## The unused QueryIDs will be recycled sometimes. 

  function query($Query_String) {

    /* No empty queries, please, since PHP4 chokes on them. */
    if ($Query_String == "")
      /* The empty query string is passed on from the constructor,
       * when calling the class without a query, e.g. in situations
       * like these: '$db = new DB_Sql_Subclass;'
       */
      return 0;

      $this->connect();
      $this->lastQuery=$Query_String;

      if (!$this->Query_ID) {
	      $this->Query_ID= ora_open($this->Link_ID);
      }
      if($this->Debug) {
        printf("Debug: query = %s<br>\n", $Query_String);
        printf("<br>Debug: Query_ID: %d<br>\n", $this->Query_ID);
      }
      
      if(!@ora_parse($this->Query_ID,$Query_String)) {
        $this->Errno=ora_errorcode($this->Query_ID);
        $this->Error=ora_error($this->Query_ID);
        $this->halt("<BR>ora_parse() failed:<BR>$Query_String<BR><small>Snap & paste this to sqlplus!</SMALL>");
      } elseif (!@ora_exec($this->Query_ID)) {
        $this->Errno=ora_errorcode($this->Query_ID);
        $this->Error=ora_error($this->Query_ID);
        $this->halt("<BR>\n$Query_String\n<BR><small>Snap & paste this to sqlplus!</SMALL>");
      }

      $this->Row=0;

      if(!$this->Query_ID) {
        $this->halt("Invalid SQL: ".$Query_String);
      }
      
      return $this->Query_ID;
  }
  
  function next_record() {
      if (!$this->no_next_fetch && 
          0 == ora_fetch($this->Query_ID)) {
          if ($this->Debug) {
            printf("<br>next_record(): ID: %d,Rows: %d<br>\n",
            $this->Query_ID,$this->num_rows());
          }
          $this->Row	+=1;
          
          $errno=ora_errorcode($this->Query_ID);
          if(1403 == $errno) { # 1043 means no more records found
              $this->Errno=0;
              $this->Error="";
              $this->disconnect();
              $stat=0;
          } else {
              $this->Error=ora_error($this->Query_ID);
              $this->Errno=$errno;
              if($this->Debug) {
                  printf("<br>%d Error: %s",
                         $this->Errno,
                         $this->Error);
              }
              $stat=0;
          }
      } else {
        $this->no_next_fetch=false;
          for($ix=0;$ix<ora_numcols($this->Query_ID);$ix++) {
              $col=strtolower(ora_columnname($this->Query_ID,$ix));
              $value=ora_getcolumn($this->Query_ID,$ix);
              $this->Record[ "$col" ] = $value;
#              echo"<b>[$col]</b>: $value <br>\n";
          }
          $stat=1;
      }

  return $stat;
  }

  ## seek() works only for $pos - 1 and $pos
  ## Perhaps I make a own implementation, but my
  ## opinion is, that this should be done by PHP3
  function seek($pos) {
      if       ($this->Row - 1 == $pos) {
        $this->no_next_fetch=true;
      } elseif ($this->Row == $pos ) {
	## do nothing
      } else {
        $this->halt("Invalid seek(): Position is cannot be handled by API.<BR>".
              "Difference too big. Wanted: $pos Current pos: $this->Row");
      }
      if ($Debug) echo "<BR>Debug: seek = $pos<BR>";
      $this->Row=$pos;
  }

  function lock($table, $mode = "write") {
    if ($mode == "write") {
      $result = ora_do($this->Link_ID, "lock table $table in row exclusive mode");
    } else {
      $result = 1;
    }
    return $result;
  }
  
  function unlock() {
    return ora_do($this->Link_ID, "commit");
  }

  function metadata($table,$full=false) {
      $count = 0;
      $id    = 0;
      $res   = array();
      
    /*
     * Due to compatibility problems with Table we changed the behavior
     * of metadata();
     * depending on $full, metadata returns the following values:
     *
     * - full is false (default):
     * $result[]:
     *   [0]["table"]  table name
     *   [0]["name"]   field name
     *   [0]["type"]   field type
     *   [0]["len"]    field length
     *   [0]["flags"]  field flags ("NOT NULL", "INDEX")
     *   [0]["format"] precision and scale of number (eg. "10,2") or empty
     *   [0]["index"]  name of index (if has one)
     *   [0]["chars"]  number of chars (if any char-type)
     *
     * - full is true
     * $result[]:
     *   ["num_fields"] number of metadata records
     *   [0]["table"]  table name
     *   [0]["name"]   field name
     *   [0]["type"]   field type
     *   [0]["len"]    field length
     *   [0]["flags"]  field flags ("NOT NULL", "INDEX")
     *   [0]["format"] precision and scale of number (eg. "10,2") or empty
     *   [0]["index"]  name of index (if has one)
     *   [0]["chars"]  number of chars (if any char-type)
     *   ["meta"][field name]  index of field named "field name"
     *   The last one is used, if you have a field name, but no index.
     *   Test:  if (isset($result['meta']['myfield'])) {} ...
     */

      $this->connect();

      ## This is a RIGHT OUTER JOIN: "(+)", if you want to see, what
      ## this query results try the following:
      ## $table = new Table; $db = new my_DB_Sql; # you have to make
      ##                                          # your own class
      ## $table->show_results($db->query(see query vvvvvv))
      ##
      $this->query("SELECT T.table_name,T.column_name,T.data_type,".
           "T.data_length,T.data_precision,T.data_scale,T.nullable,".
           "T.char_col_decl_length,I.index_name".
           " FROM ALL_TAB_COLUMNS T,ALL_IND_COLUMNS I".
           " WHERE T.column_name=I.column_name (+)".
           " AND T.table_name=I.table_name (+)".
           " AND T.table_name=UPPER('$table') ORDER BY T.column_id");
      
      $i=0;
      while ($this->next_record()) {
        $res[$i]["table"] =  $this->Record[table_name];
        $res[$i]["name"]  =  strtolower($this->Record[column_name]);
        $res[$i]["type"]  =  $this->Record[data_type];
        $res[$i]["len"]   =  $this->Record[data_length];
        if ($this->Record[index_name]) $res[$i]["flags"] = "INDEX ";
        $res[$i]["flags"] .= ( $this->Record[nullable] == 'N') ? '' : 'NOT NULL';
        $res[$i]["format"]=  (int)$this->Record[data_precision].",".
                             (int)$this->Record[data_scale];
        if ("0,0"==$res[$i]["format"]) $res[$i]["format"]='';
        $res[$i]["index"] =  $this->Record[index_name];
        $res[$i]["chars"] =  $this->Record[char_col_decl_length];
        if ($full) {
        	$j=$res[$i]["name"];
        	$res["meta"][$j] = $i;
        	$res["meta"][strtoupper($j)] = $i;
        }
        if ($full) $res["meta"][$res[$i]["name"]] = $i;
        $i++;
      }
      if ($full) $res["num_fields"]=$i;
#      $this->disconnect();
      return $res;
  }

  ## THIS FUNCTION IS UNSTESTED!
  function affected_rows() {
    if ($Debug) echo "<BR>Debug: affected_rows=". ora_numrows($this->Query_ID)."<BR>";
    return ora_numrows($this->Query_ID);
  }

  ## Known bugs: It will not work for SELECT DISTINCT and any
  ## other constructs which are depending on the resulting rows.
  ## So you *really need* to check every query you make, if it
  ## will work with it.
  ##
  ## Also, for a qualified replacement you need to parse the
  ## selection, cause this will fail: "SELECT id, from FROM ...").
  ## "FROM" is - as far as I know a keyword in Oracle, so it can
  ## only be used in this way. But you have been warned.
  function num_rows() {
    $curs=ora_open($this->Link_ID);

    ## this is the important part and it is also the HACK!
    if (eregi("^[[:space:]]*SELECT[[:space:]]",$this->lastQuery) ) {
      $from_pos = strpos(strtoupper($this->lastQuery),"FROM");
      $q = "SELECT count(*) ". substr($this->lastQuery, $from_pos);
      
      ORA_parse($curs,$q);
      ORA_exec($curs);
      ORA_fetch($curs);
      if ($Debug) echo "<BR>Debug: num_rows=". ORA_getcolumn($curs,0)."<BR>";
      return(ORA_getcolumn($curs,0));
    } else {
      $this->halt("Last Query was not a SELECT: $this->lastQuery");
    }
  }

  function num_fields() {
      if ($Debug) echo "<BR>Debug: num_fields=". ora_numcols($this->Query_ID) . "<BR>";
      return ora_numcols($this->Query_ID);
  }

  function nf() {
    return $this->num_rows();
  }

  function np() {
    print $this->num_rows();
  }

  function f($Name) {
    return $this->Record[$Name];
  }

  function p($Name) {
    print $this->Record[$Name];
  }

  /* public: sequence number */
  function nextid($seq_name)
  {
      $this->connect();

      /* Independent Query_ID */
      $Query_ID = ora_open($this->Link_ID);
       
      if(!@ora_parse($Query_ID,"SELECT $seq_name.NEXTVAL FROM DUAL")) 
      {
        // There is no such sequence yet, then create it
        if(!@ora_parse($Query_ID,"CREATE SEQUENCE $seq_name") 
           ||
           !@ora_exec($Query_ID)
           )
        {
            $this->halt("<BR> nextid() function - unable to create sequence");
            return 0;
        }
        @ora_parse($Query_ID,"SELECT $seq_name.NEXTVAL FROM DUAL");
      } 
      if (!@ora_exec($Query_ID)) {
        $this->halt("<BR>ora_exec() failed:<BR>nextID function");
      }
      if (@ora_fetch($Query_ID) ) {
        $next_id =  ora_getcolumn($Query_ID, 0);
      }
      else {
        $next_id = 0;
      }
      if ( Query_ID > 0 ) {
        ora_close(Query_ID);
      }
      
      return $next_id;
  }

  function disconnect() {
      if($this->Debug) {
          echo "Debug: Disconnecting $this->Query_ID...<br>\n";
      }
      if ( $this->Query_ID < 1 ) {
        echo "<B>Warning</B>: disconnect(): Cannot free ID $this->Query_ID\n";
#        return();
      }
      ora_close($this->Query_ID);
      $this->Query_ID=0;
  }
  
  /* private: error handling */
  function halt($msg) {
    if ($this->Halt_On_Error == "no")
      return;

    $this->haltmsg($msg);

    if ($this->Halt_On_Error != "report")
      die("Session halted.");
  }

  function haltmsg($msg) {
    printf("</td></tr></table><b>Database error:</b> %s<br>\n", $msg);
    printf("<b>Oracle Error</b>: %s (%s)<br>\n",
      $this->Errno,
      $this->Error);
  }

  function table_names() {
   $this->connect();
   $this->query("
   SELECT table_name,tablespace_name
     FROM user_tables");
   $i=0;
   while ($this->next_record())
   {
   $info[$i]["table_name"]     =$this->Record["table_name"];
   $info[$i]["tablespace_name"]=$this->Record["tablespace_name"];
   $i++;
   } 
  return $info;
  }
}
?>
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