Location: PHPKode > projects > Gallery > gallery3/modules/exif/lib/makers/nikon.php
<?php defined("SYSPATH") or die("No direct script access.");
//================================================================================================
//================================================================================================
/*
	Exifer
	Extracts EXIF information from digital photos.
	
	Copyright � 2003 Jake Olefsky
	http://www.offsky.com/software/exif/index.php
	hide@address.com
	
	Please see exif.php for the complete information about this software.
	
	------------
	
	This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of 
	the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 
	of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

	This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; 
	without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  
	See the GNU General Public License for more details. http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html
*/
//================================================================================================
//================================================================================================
//================================================================================================



//=================
// Looks up the name of the tag for the MakerNote (Depends on Manufacturer)
//====================================================================
function lookup_Nikon_tag($tag,$model) {
	
	if($model==0) {
		switch($tag) {
			case "0003": $tag = "Quality";break;
			case "0004": $tag = "ColorMode";break;
			case "0005": $tag = "ImageAdjustment";break;
			case "0006": $tag = "CCDSensitivity";break;	
			case "0007": $tag = "WhiteBalance";break;	
			case "0008": $tag = "Focus";break;	
			case "0009": $tag = "Unknown2";break;	
			case "000a": $tag = "DigitalZoom";break;	
			case "000b": $tag = (string) t("Converter");break;	
			
			default: $tag = "unknown:".$tag;break;
		}
	} else if($model==1) {
		switch($tag) {
			case "0002": $tag = "ISOSetting";break;
			case "0003": $tag = "ColorMode";break;
			case "0004": $tag = "Quality";break;
			case "0005": $tag = "Whitebalance";break;
			case "0006": $tag = "ImageSharpening";break;
			case "0007": $tag = "FocusMode";break;
			case "0008": $tag = "FlashSetting";break;
			case "0009": $tag = "FlashMode";break;
			case "000b": $tag = "WhiteBalanceFine";break;
			case "000c": $tag = "WB_RBLevels";break;
			case "000d": $tag = "ProgramShift";break;
			case "000e": $tag = "ExposureDifference";break;
			case "000f": $tag = "ISOSelection";break;
			case "0010": $tag = "DataDump";break;
			case "0011": $tag = "NikonPreview";break;
			case "0012": $tag = "FlashExposureComp";break;
			case "0013": $tag = "ISOSetting2";break;
			case "0014": $tag = "ColorBalanceA";break;
			case "0016": $tag = "ImageBoundary";break;
			case "0017": $tag = "FlashExposureComp";break;
			case "0018": $tag = "FlashExposureBracketValue";break;
			case "0019": $tag = "ExposureBracketValue";break;
			case "001a": $tag = "ImageProcessing";break;
			case "001b": $tag = "CropHiSpeed";break;
			case "001c": $tag = "ExposureTuning";break;
			case "001d": $tag = "SerialNumber";break;
			case "001e": $tag = "ColorSpace";break;
			case "001f": $tag = "VRInfo";break;
			case "0020": $tag = "ImageAuthentication";break;
			case "0022": $tag = "ActiveD-Lighting";break;
			case "0023": $tag = "PictureControl";break;
			case "0024": $tag = "WorldTime";break;
			case "0025": $tag = "ISOInfo";break;
			case "002a": $tag = "VignetteControl";break;
			case "002b": $tag = "DistortInfo";break;
			case "0080": $tag = "ImageAdjustment";break;
			case "0081": $tag = "ToneCompensation";break;
			case "0082": $tag = "Adapter";break;
			case "0083": $tag = "LensType";break;
			case "0084": $tag = "LensInfo";break;
			case "0085": $tag = "ManualFocusDistance";break; 
			case "0086": $tag = "DigitalZoom";break;
			case "0087": $tag = "FlashUsed";break;
			case "0088": $tag = "AFFocusPosition";break;
			case "0089": $tag = "ShootingMode";break;
			case "008b": $tag = "LensFStops";break;
			case "008c": $tag = "ContrastCurve";break;
			case "008d": $tag = "ColorMode";break;
			case "0090": $tag = "LightType";break;
			case "0092": $tag = "HueAdjustment";break;
			case "0093": $tag = "NEFCompression";break;
			case "0094": $tag = "Saturation";break;
			case "0095": $tag = "NoiseReduction";break;
			case "009a": $tag = "SensorPixelSize";break;
			
			default: $tag = "unknown:".$tag;break;
		}
	} 
	
	return $tag;
}


//=================
// Formats Data for the data type
//====================================================================
function formatNikonData($type,$tag,$intel,$model,$data) {
	switch ($type) {
		case "ASCII":
			break;	// do nothing!
		case "URATIONAL":
		case"SRATIONAL":
			switch ($tag) {
				case '0084':	// LensInfo
					$minFL = unRational(substr($data,0,8),$type,$intel);
					$maxFL = unRational(substr($data,8,8),$type,$intel);
					$minSP = unRational(substr($data,16,8),$type,$intel);
					$maxSP = unRational(substr($data,24,8),$type,$intel);
					if ($minFL == $maxFL) {
						$data = sprintf('%0.0f f/%0.0f',$minFL,$minSP);
					} elseif ($minSP == $maxSP) {
						$data = sprintf('%0.0f-%0.0fmm f/%0.1f',$minFL,$maxFL,$minSP);
					} else {
						$data = sprintf('%0.0f-%0.0fmm f/%0.1f-%0.1f',$minFL,$maxFL,$minSP,$maxSP);
					}
					break;
				case "0085":
					if ($model==1) $data=unRational($data,$type,$intel)." m";	//ManualFocusDistance
					break;
				case "0086":
					if ($model==1) $data=unRational($data,$type,$intel)."x";	//DigitalZoom
					break;
				case "000a":
					if ($model==0) $data=unRational($data,$type,$intel)."x";	//DigitalZoom
					break;
				default:
					$data=unRational($data,$type,$intel);
					break;
			}
			break;
		case "USHORT":
		case $type=="SSHORT":
		case $type=="ULONG":
		case $type=="SLONG":
		case $type=="FLOAT":
		case $type=="DOUBLE":
			$data = rational($data,$type,$intel);
			switch ($tag) {
				case "0003":
					if ($model==0) { //Quality
						switch ($data) {
							case 1:		$data = (string) t("VGA Basic");	break;
							case 2:		$data = (string) t("VGA Normal");	break;
							case 3:		$data = (string) t("VGA Fine");	break;
							case 4:		$data = (string) t("SXGA Basic");	break;
							case 5:		$data = (string) t("SXGA Normal");	break;
							case 6:		$data = (string) t("SXGA Fine");	break;
							default:	$data = (string) t("Unknown").": ".$data;	break;
						}
					}
					break;
				case "0004":
					if ($model==0) { //Color
						switch ($data) {
							case 1:		$data = (string) t("Color");	break;
							case 2:		$data = (string) t("Monochrome");	break;
							default:	$data = (string) t("Unknown").": ".$data;	break;
						}
					}
					break;
				case "0005":
					if ($model==0) { //Image Adjustment
						switch ($data) {
							case 0:		$data = (string) t("Normal");	break;
							case 1:		$data = (string) t("Bright+");	break;
							case 2:		$data = (string) t("Bright-");	break;
							case 3:		$data = (string) t("Contrast+");	break;
							case 4:		$data = (string) t("Contrast-");	break;
							default:	$data = (string) t("Unknown").": ".$data;	break;
						}
					}
					break;
				case "0006":
					if ($model==0) { //CCD Sensitivity
						switch($data) {
							case 0:		$data = "ISO-80";	break;
							case 2:		$data = "ISO-160";	break;
							case 4:		$data = "ISO-320";	break;
							case 5:		$data = "ISO-100";	break;
							default:	$data = (string) t("Unknown").": ".$data;	break;
						}
					}
					break;
				case "0007":
					if ($model==0) { //White Balance
						switch ($data) {
							case 0:		 $data = (string) t("Auto");	break;
							case 1:		$data = (string) t("Preset");	break;
							case 2:		$data = (string) t("Daylight");	break;
							case 3:		$data = (string) t("Incandescence");	break;
							case 4:		$data = (string) t("Fluorescence");	break;
							case 5:		$data = (string) t("Cloudy");	break;
							case 6:		$data = (string) t("SpeedLight");	break;
							default:	$data = (string) t("Unknown").": ".$data;	break;
						}
					}
					break;
				case "000b":
					if ($model==0) { //Converter
						switch ($data) {
							case 0:	$data = (string) t("None");	break;
							case 1:	$data = (string) t("Fisheye");	break;
							default:	$data = (string) t("Unknown").": ".$data;	break;
						}
					}
					break;
			}
			break;
		case "UNDEFINED":
			switch ($tag) {
				case "0001":
					if ($model==1) $data=$data/100;	break;	//Unknown (Version?)
					break;
				case "0088":
					if ($model==1) { //AF Focus Position
						$temp = (string) t("Center");
						$data = bin2hex($data);
						$data = str_replace("01","Top",$data);
						$data = str_replace("02","Bottom",$data);
						$data = str_replace("03","Left",$data);
						$data = str_replace("04","Right",$data);
						$data = str_replace("00","",$data);
						if(strlen($data)==0) $data = $temp;
					}
					break;
			}
			break;
		default:
			$data = bin2hex($data);
			if($intel==1) $data = intel2Moto($data);
				switch ($tag) {
				case "0083":
					if ($model==1) { //Lens Type
						$data = hexdec(substr($data,0,2));
						switch ($data) {
							case 0: $data = (string) t("AF non D"); break;
							case 1: $data = (string) t("Manual"); break;
							case 2: $data = "AF-D or AF-S"; break;
							case 6: $data = "AF-D G"; break;
							case 10: $data = "AF-D VR"; break;
							case 14: $data = "AF-D G VR"; break;
							default: $data = (string) t("Unknown").": ".$data; break;
						}
					}
					break;
				case "0087":
					if ($model==1) { //Flash type
						$data = hexdec(substr($data,0,2));
						if($data == 0) $data = (string) t("Did Not Fire");
						else if($data == 4) $data = (string) t("Unknown");
						else if($data == 7) $data = (string) t("External");
						else if($data == 9) $data = (string) t("On Camera");
						else $data = (string) t("Unknown").": ".$data;
					}
					break;
			}
			break;
	}
	return $data;
}


//=================
// Nikon Special data section
//====================================================================
function parseNikon($block,&$result) {	
	
	if($result['Endien']=="Intel") $intel=1;
	else $intel=0;
	
	$model = $result['IFD0']['Model'];

	//these 6 models start with "Nikon".  Other models dont.
	if($model=="E700\0" || $model=="E800\0" || $model=="E900\0" || $model=="E900S\0" || $model=="E910\0" || $model=="E950\0") {
		$place=8; //current place
		$model = 0;
		
		//Get number of tags (2 bytes)
		$num = bin2hex(substr($block,$place,2));$place+=2;
		if($intel==1) $num = intel2Moto($num);
		$result['SubIFD']['MakerNote']['MakerNoteNumTags'] = hexdec($num);
		
		//loop thru all tags  Each field is 12 bytes
		for($i=0;$i<hexdec($num);$i++) {
			//2 byte tag
			$tag = bin2hex(substr($block,$place,2));$place+=2;
			if($intel==1) $tag = intel2Moto($tag);
			$tag_name = lookup_Nikon_tag($tag, $model);
			
			//2 byte type
			$type = bin2hex(substr($block,$place,2));$place+=2;
			if($intel==1) $type = intel2Moto($type);
			lookup_type($type,$size);
			
			//4 byte count of number of data units
			$count = bin2hex(substr($block,$place,4));$place+=4;
			if($intel==1) $count = intel2Moto($count);
			$bytesofdata = $size*hexdec($count);
			
			//4 byte value of data or pointer to data
			$value = substr($block,$place,4);$place+=4;
			
			//if tag is 0002 then its the ASCII value which we know is at 140 so calc offset
			//THIS HACK ONLY WORKS WITH EARLY NIKON MODELS
			if($tag=="0002") $offset = hexdec($value)-140;
			if($bytesofdata<=4) {
				$data = $value;
			} else {
				$value = bin2hex($value);
				if($intel==1) $value = intel2Moto($value);
				$data = substr($block,hexdec($value)-$offset,$bytesofdata*2);
			}
			$formated_data = formatNikonData($type,$tag,$intel,$model,$data);
		
			if($result['VerboseOutput']==1) {
				$result['SubIFD']['MakerNote'][$tag_name] = $formated_data;
				$result['SubIFD']['MakerNote'][$tag_name."_Verbose"]['RawData'] = $data;
				$result['SubIFD']['MakerNote'][$tag_name."_Verbose"]['Type'] = $type;
				$result['SubIFD']['MakerNote'][$tag_name."_Verbose"]['Bytes'] = $bytesofdata;
			} else {
				$result['SubIFD']['MakerNote'][$tag_name] = $formated_data;
			}
		}
	
	} else {
		$place=0;//current place
		$model = 1;
		
		$nikon = substr($block,$place,8);$place+=8;
		$endien = substr($block,$place,4);$place+=4;
		
		//2 bytes of 0x002a
		$tag = bin2hex(substr($block,$place,2));$place+=2;
		
		//Then 4 bytes of offset to IFD0 (usually 8 which includes all 8 bytes of TIFF header)
		$offset = bin2hex(substr($block,$place,4));$place+=4;
		if($intel==1) $offset = intel2Moto($offset);
		if(hexdec($offset)>8) $place+=$offset-8;
		
		//Get number of tags (2 bytes)
		$num = bin2hex(substr($block,$place,2));$place+=2;
		if($intel==1) $num = intel2Moto($num);
		
		//loop thru all tags  Each field is 12 bytes
		for($i=0;$i<hexdec($num);$i++) {
			//2 byte tag
			$tag = bin2hex(substr($block,$place,2));$place+=2;
			if($intel==1) $tag = intel2Moto($tag);
			$tag_name = lookup_Nikon_tag($tag, $model);
			
			//2 byte type
			$type = bin2hex(substr($block,$place,2));$place+=2;
			if($intel==1) $type = intel2Moto($type);
			lookup_type($type,$size);
			
			//4 byte count of number of data units
			$count = bin2hex(substr($block,$place,4));$place+=4;
			if($intel==1) $count = intel2Moto($count);
			$bytesofdata = $size*hexdec($count);
			
			//4 byte value of data or pointer to data
			$value = substr($block,$place,4);$place+=4;
			
			if($bytesofdata<=4) {
				$data = $value;
			} else {
				$value = bin2hex($value);
				if($intel==1) $value = intel2Moto($value);
				$data = substr($block,hexdec($value)+hexdec($offset)+2,$bytesofdata);
			}
			$formated_data = formatNikonData($type,$tag,$intel,$model,$data);
		
			if($result['VerboseOutput']==1) {
				$result['SubIFD']['MakerNote'][$tag_name] = $formated_data;
				if($type=="URATIONAL" || $type=="SRATIONAL" || $type=="USHORT" || $type=="SSHORT" || $type=="ULONG" || $type=="SLONG" || $type=="FLOAT" || $type=="DOUBLE") {
					$data = bin2hex($data);
					if($intel==1) $data = intel2Moto($data);
				}
				$result['SubIFD']['MakerNote'][$tag_name."_Verbose"]['RawData'] = $data;
				$result['SubIFD']['MakerNote'][$tag_name."_Verbose"]['Type'] = $type;
				$result['SubIFD']['MakerNote'][$tag_name."_Verbose"]['Bytes'] = $bytesofdata;
			} else {
				$result['SubIFD']['MakerNote'][$tag_name] = $formated_data;
			}
		}
		
	}
}


?>
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