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<?php

/*
 *  $Id: DBAdapter.php 536 2007-01-10 14:30:38Z heltem $
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
 * "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 * LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
 * A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
 * OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 * LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
 * OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 * This software consists of voluntary contributions made by many individuals
 * and is licensed under the LGPL. For more information please see
 * <http://propel.phpdb.org>.
 */

include_once 'creole/Connection.php';

/**
 * DBAdapter</code> defines the interface for a Propel database adapter.
 *
 * <p>Support for new databases is added by subclassing
 * <code>DBAdapter</code> and implementing its abstract interface, and by
 * registering the new database adapter and corresponding Creole
 * driver in the private adapters map (array) in this class.</p>
 *
 * <p>The Propel database adapters exist to present a uniform
 * interface to database access across all available databases.  Once
 * the necessary adapters have been written and configured,
 * transparent swapping of databases is theoretically supported with
 * <i>zero code change</i> and minimal configuration file
 * modifications.</p>
 *
 * @author     Hans Lellelid <hide@address.com> (Propel)
 * @author     Jon S. Stevens <hide@address.com> (Torque)
 * @author     Brett McLaughlin <hide@address.com> (Torque)
 * @author     Daniel Rall <hide@address.com> (Torque)
 * @version    $Revision: 536 $
 * @package    propel.adapter
 */
abstract class DBAdapter {

	/**
	 * Creole driver to Propel adapter map.
	 * @var        array
	 */
	private static $adapters = array(
								    'mysql' => 'DBMySQL',
									'mysqli' => 'DBMySQLi',
								    'mssql' => 'DBMSSQL',
								    'sybase' => 'DBSybase',
								    'oracle' => 'DBOracle',
								    'pgsql' => 'DBPostgres',
								    'sqlite' => 'DBSQLite',
								    '' => 'DBNone',
								);

	/**
	 * Creates a new instance of the database adapter associated
	 * with the specified Creole driver.
	 *
	 * @param      string $driver The name of the Propel/Creole driver to
	 * create a new adapter instance for or a shorter form adapter key.
	 * @return     DBAdapter An instance of a Propel database adapter.
	 * @throws     PropelException if the adapter could not be instantiated.
	 */
	public static function factory($driver) {
		$adapterClass = isset(self::$adapters[$driver]) ? self::$adapters[$driver] : null;
		if ($adapterClass !== null) {
			require_once 'propel/adapter/'.$adapterClass.'.php';
			$a = new $adapterClass();
			return $a;
		} else {
			throw new PropelException("Unsupported Propel driver: " . $driver . ": Check your configuration file");
		}
	}

	/**
	 * This method is used to ignore case.
	 *
	 * @param      in The string to transform to upper case.
	 * @return     string The upper case string.
	 */
	public abstract function toUpperCase($in);

	/**
	 * Returns the character used to indicate the beginning and end of
	 * a piece of text used in a SQL statement (generally a single
	 * quote).
	 *
	 * @return     string The text delimeter.
	 */
	public function getStringDelimiter()
	{
		return '\'';
	}

	/**
	 * Locks the specified table.
	 *
	 * @param      Connection $con The Creole connection to use.
	 * @param      string $table The name of the table to lock.
	 * @return     void
	 * @throws     SQLException No Statement could be created or executed.
	 */
	public abstract function lockTable(Connection $con, $table);

	/**
	 * Unlocks the specified table.
	 *
	 * @param      Connection $con The Creole connection to use.
	 * @param      string $table The name of the table to unlock.
	 * @return     void
	 * @throws     SQLException No Statement could be created or executed.
	 */
	public abstract function unlockTable(Connection $con, $table);

	/**
	 * This method is used to ignore case.
	 *
	 * @param      string $in The string whose case to ignore.
	 * @return     string The string in a case that can be ignored.
	 */
	public abstract function ignoreCase($in);

	/**
	 * This method is used to ignore case in an ORDER BY clause.
	 * Usually it is the same as ignoreCase, but some databases
	 * (Interbase for example) does not use the same SQL in ORDER BY
	 * and other clauses.
	 *
	 * @param      string $in The string whose case to ignore.
	 * @return     string The string in a case that can be ignored.
	 */
	public function ignoreCaseInOrderBy($in)
	{
		return $this->ignoreCase($in);
	}

	/**
	 * Returns SQL which concatenates the second string to the first.
	 *
	 * @param      string String to concatenate.
	 * @param      string String to append.
	 * @return     string
	 */
	public abstract function concatString($s1, $s2);

	/**
	 * Returns SQL which extracts a substring.
	 *
	 * @param      string String to extract from.
	 * @param      int Offset to start from.
	 * @param      int Number of characters to extract.
	 * @return     string
	 */
	public abstract function subString($s, $pos, $len);

	/**
	 * Returns SQL which calculates the length (in chars) of a string.
	 *
	 * @param      string String to calculate length of.
	 * @return     string
	 */
	public abstract function strLength($s);


	/**
	 * Quotes database objec identifiers (table names, col names, sequences, etc.).
	 * @param      string $text The identifier to quote.
	 * @return     string The quoted identifier.
	 */
	public function quoteIdentifier($text)
	{
		return '"' . $text . '"';
	}

}
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