Location: PHPKode > projects > ConCentric Event Planning Software > CC/user_guide/libraries/language.html
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
<title>Language Class : CodeIgniter User Guide</title>

<style type='text/css' media='all'>@import url('../userguide.css');</style>
<link rel='stylesheet' type='text/css' media='all' href='../userguide.css' />

<script type="text/javascript" src="../nav/nav.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="../nav/prototype.lite.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="../nav/moo.fx.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="../nav/user_guide_menu.js"></script>

<meta http-equiv='expires' content='-1' />
<meta http-equiv= 'pragma' content='no-cache' />
<meta name='robots' content='all' />
<meta name='author' content='ExpressionEngine Dev Team' />
<meta name='description' content='CodeIgniter User Guide' />


<div id="nav"><div id="nav_inner"><script type="text/javascript">create_menu('../');</script></div></div>
<div id="nav2"><a name="top"></a><a href="javascript:void(0);" onclick="myHeight.toggle();"><img src="../images/nav_toggle.jpg" width="153" height="44" border="0" title="Toggle Table of Contents" alt="Toggle Table of Contents" /></a></div>
<div id="masthead">
<table cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" border="0" style="width:100%">
<td><h1>CodeIgniter User Guide Version 1.6.3</h1></td>
<td id="breadcrumb_right"><a href="../toc.html">Table of Contents Page</a></td>

<table cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" border="0" style="width:100%">
<td id="breadcrumb">
<a href="http://codeigniter.com/">CodeIgniter Home</a> &nbsp;&#8250;&nbsp;
<a href="../index.html">User Guide Home</a> &nbsp;&#8250;&nbsp;
Language Class
<td id="searchbox"><form method="get" action="http://www.google.com/search"><input type="hidden" name="as_sitesearch" id="as_sitesearch" value="codeigniter.com/user_guide/" />Search User Guide&nbsp; <input type="text" class="input" style="width:200px;" name="q" id="q" size="31" maxlength="255" value="" />&nbsp;<input type="submit" class="submit" name="sa" value="Go" /></form></td>

<br clear="all" />

<div id="content">

<h1>Language Class</h1>

<p>The Language Class provides functions to retrieve language files and lines of text for purposes of internationalization.</p>

<p>In your CodeIgniter system folder you'll find one called <dfn>language</dfn> containing sets of language files.  You can create
your own language files as needed in order to display error and other messages in other languages.</p>

<p>Language files are typically stored in your <dfn>system/language</dfn> directory.  Alternately you can create a folder called <kbd>language</kbd> inside
your <kbd>application</kbd> folder and store them there.  CodeIgniter will look first in your <dfn>system/application/language</dfn>
directory.  If the directory does not exist or the specified language is not located there CI will instead look in your global
<dfn>system/language</dfn> folder.</p>

<p class="important"><strong>Note:</strong>&nbsp; Each language should be stored in its own folder.  For example, the English files are located at:

<h2>Creating Language Files</h2>

<p>Language files must be named with <kbd>_lang.php</kbd> as the file extension.  For example, let's say you want to create a file
containing error messages.  You might name it:  <kbd>error_lang.php</kbd></p>

<p>Within the file you will assign each line of text to an array called <var>$lang</var> with this prototype:</p>

<code>$lang['language_key'] = "The actual message to be shown";</code>

<p><strong>Note:</strong> It's a good practice to use a common prefix for all messages in a given file to avoid collisions with
similarly named items in other files.  For example, if you are creating error messages you might prefix them with <var>error_</var></p>

<code>$lang['<var>error</var>_email_missing'] = "You must submit an email address";<br />
$lang['<var>error</var>_url_missing'] = "You must submit a URL";<br />
$lang['<var>error</var>_username_missing'] = "You must submit a username";</code>

<h2>Loading A Language File</h2>

<p>In order to fetch a line from a particular file you must load the file first.  Loading a language file is done with the following code:</p>

<code>$this->lang->load('<samp>filename</samp>', '<dfn>language</dfn>');</code>

<p>Where <samp>filename</samp> is the name of the file you wish to load (without the file extension), and <dfn>language</dfn>
is the language set containing it (ie, english).  If the second parameter is missing, the default language set in your
<kbd>application/config/config.php</kbd> file will be used.</p>

<h2>Fetching a Line of Text</h2>

<p>Once your desired language file is loaded you can access any line of text using this function:</p>


<p>Where <samp>language_key</samp> is the array key corresponding to the line you wish to show.</p>

<p>Note: This function simply returns the line.  It does not echo it for you.</p>

<h3>Using language lines as form labels</h3>

<p class="important">This feature has been deprecated from the language library and moved to the <kbd>lang()</kbd> function of the <a href="../helpers/language_helper.html">Language helper</a>.</p>

<h2>Auto-loading Languages</h2>
<p>If you find that you need a particular language globally throughout your application, you can tell CodeIgniter to <a href="../general/autoloader.html">auto-load</a> it during system initialization. This is done by opening the application/config/autoload.php file and adding the language(s) to the autoload array.</p>
<!-- END CONTENT -->

<div id="footer">
Previous Topic:&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="loader.html">Loader Class</a>
<a href="#top">Top of Page</a>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;
<a href="../index.html">User Guide Home</a>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;
Next Topic:&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="output.html">Output Class</a>
<p><a href="http://codeigniter.com">CodeIgniter</a> &nbsp;&middot;&nbsp; Copyright &#169; 2006-2008 &nbsp;&middot;&nbsp; <a href="http://ellislab.com/">Ellislab, Inc.</a></p>

Return current item: ConCentric Event Planning Software