Location: PHPKode > projects > Community Learning Network > cln/lib/pear/Cache.php
<?php
// +----------------------------------------------------------------------+
// | PHP version 4.0                                                      |
// +----------------------------------------------------------------------+
// | Copyright (c) 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001 The PHP Group             |
// +----------------------------------------------------------------------+
// | This source file is subject to version 2.0 of the PHP license,       |
// | that is bundled with this package in the file LICENSE, and is        |
// | available at through the world-wide-web at                           |
// | http://www.php.net/license/2_02.txt.                                 |
// | If you did not receive a copy of the PHP license and are unable to   |
// | obtain it through the world-wide-web, please send a note to          |
// | hide@address.com so we can mail you a copy immediately.               |
// +----------------------------------------------------------------------+
// | Authors: Ulf Wendel <hide@address.com>                           |
// |          Sebastian Bergmann <hide@address.com>               |
// +----------------------------------------------------------------------+
//
// $Id: Cache.php,v 1.1 2003/09/23 22:07:42 cbooth7575 Exp $

require_once 'Cache/Error.php';

/**
* Cache is a base class for cache implementations.
*
* The pear cache module is a generic data cache which can be used to 
* cache script runs. The idea behind the cache is quite simple. If you have
* the same input parameters for whatever tasks/algorithm you use you'll
* usually get the same output. So why not caching templates, functions calls,
* graphic generation etc. Caching certain actions e.g. XSLT tranformations
* saves you lots of time. 
*
* The design of the cache reminds of PHPLibs session implementation. A 
* (PHPLib: session) controller uses storage container (PHPLib: ct_*.inc) to save 
* certain data (PHPLib: session data). In contrast to the session stuff it's up to 
* you to generate an ID for the data to cache. If you're using the output cache
* you might use the script name as a seed for cache::generateID(), if your using the
* function cache you'd use an array with all function parameters.
*
* Usage example of the generic data cache:
*
* require_once('Cache.php');
*
* $cache = new Cache('file', array('cache_dir' => 'cache/') );
* $id = $cache->generateID('testentry');
*
* if ($data = $cache->get($id)) {
*    print "Cache hit.<br>Data: $data";
*
* } else {
*   $data = 'data of any kind';
*   $cache->save($id, $data);
*   print 'Cache miss.<br>';
* }
*
* WARNING: No File/DB-Table-Row locking is implemented yet,
*          it's possible, that you get corrupted data-entries under
*          bad circumstances  (especially with the file container)
*
* @author   Ulf Wendel <hide@address.com>
* @version  $Id: Cache.php,v 1.1 2003/09/23 22:07:42 cbooth7575 Exp $
* @package  Cache
* @access   public
*/
class Cache extends PEAR {

    /**
    * Enables / disables caching.
    *
    * TODO: Add explanation what this is good for.
    *
    * @var      boolean
    * @access   private
    */
    var $caching = true;

    /**
    * Garbage collection: probability in seconds
    *
    * If set to a value above 0 a garbage collection will
    * flush all cache entries older than the specified number
    * of seconds.
    *
    * @var      integer
    * @see      $gc_probability, $gc_maxlifetime
    * @access   public
    */
    var $gc_time  = 1;

    /**
    * Garbage collection: probability in percent
    *
    * TODO: Add an explanation.
    *
    * @var      integer     0 => never
    * @see      $gc_time, $gc_maxlifetime
    * @access   public
    */
    var $gc_probability = 1;
    
    /**
    * Garbage collection: delete all entries not use for n seconds.
    *
    * Default is one day, 60 * 60 * 24 = 86400 seconds.
    *
    * @var  integer
    * @see  $gc_probability, $gc_time
    */
    var $gc_maxlifetime = 86400;

    /**
    * Storage container object.
    *
    * @var  object Cache_Container
    */
    var $container;

    //
    // public methods
    //

    /**
    *
    * @param    string  Name of container class
    * @param    array   Array with container class options
    */
    function Cache($container, $container_options = '')
    {
        $this->PEAR();
        $container = strtolower($container);
        $container_class = 'Cache_Container_' . $container;
        $container_classfile = 'Cache/Container/' . $container . '.php';

        include_once $container_classfile;
        $this->container = new $container_class($container_options);
    }

    //deconstructor
    function _Cache()
    {
        $this->garbageCollection();
    }

    /**
     * Returns the current caching state.
     *
     * @return  boolean     The current caching state.
     * @access  public
     */
    function getCaching()
    {
        return ($this->caching);
    }

    /**
     * Enables or disables caching.
     *
     * @param   boolean     The new caching state.
     * @access  public
     */
    function setCaching($state)
    {
        $this->caching = $state;
    }

    /**
    * Returns the requested dataset it if exists and is not expired
    *
    * @param    string  dataset ID
    * @param    string  cache group
    * @return   mixed   cached data or NULL on failure
    * @access   public
    */
    function get($id, $group = 'default') {
        if (!$this->caching)
            return '';

        if ($this->isCached($id, $group) && !$this->isExpired($id, $group))
            return $this->load($id, $group);

        return NULL;
    } // end func get

    /**
    * Stores the given data in the cache.
    *
    * @param    string  dataset ID used as cache identifier
    * @param    mixed   data to cache
    * @param    integer lifetime of the cached data in seconds - 0 for endless
    * @param    string  cache group
    * @return   boolean
    * @access   public
    */
    function save($id, $data, $expires = 0, $group = 'default') {
        if (!$this->caching)
            return true;

        return $this->extSave($id, $data, '',$expires, $group);
    } // end func save

    /**
    * Stores a dataset without additional userdefined data.
    *
    * @param    string  dataset ID
    * @param    mixed   data to store
    * @param    string  additional userdefined data
    * @param    mixed   userdefined expire date
    * @param    string  cache group
    * @return   boolean
    * @throws   Cache_Error
    * @access   public
    * @see      getUserdata()
    */
    function extSave($id, $cachedata, $userdata, $expires = 0, $group = 'default') {
        if (!$this->caching)
            return true;

        return $this->container->save($id, $cachedata, $expires, $group, $userdata);
    } // end func extSave

    /**
    * Loads the given ID from the cache.
    *
    * @param    string  dataset ID
    * @param    string  cache group
    * @return   mixed   cached data or NULL on failure
    * @access   public
    */
    function load($id, $group = 'default') {
        if (!$this->caching)
            return '';

        return $this->container->load($id, $group);
    } // end func load

    /**
    * Returns the userdata field of a cached data set.
    *
    * @param    string  dataset ID
    * @param    string  cache group
    * @return   string  userdata
    * @access   public
    * @see      extSave()
    */
    function getUserdata($id, $group = 'default') {
        if (!$this->caching)
            return '';

        return $this->container->getUserdata($id, $group);
    } // end func getUserdata

    /**
    * Removes the specified dataset from the cache.
    *
    * @param    string  dataset ID
    * @param    string  cache group
    * @return   boolean
    * @access   public
    */
    function remove($id, $group = 'default') {
        if (!$this->caching)
            return true;

        return $this->container->remove($id, $group);
    } // end func remove

    /**
    * Flushes the cache - removes all data from it
    *
    * @param    string  cache group, if empty all groups will be flashed
    * @return   integer number of removed datasets
    */
    function flush($group = '') {
        if (!$this->caching)
            return true;

        return $this->container->flush($group);
    } // end func flush

    /**
    * Checks if a dataset exists.
    *
    * Note: this does not say that the cached data is not expired!
    *
    * @param    string  dataset ID
    * @param    string  cache group
    * @return   boolean
    * @access   public
    */
    function isCached($id, $group = 'default') {
        if (!$this->caching)
            return false;

        return $this->container->isCached($id, $group);
    } // end func isCached

    /**
    * Checks if a dataset is expired
    *
    * @param    string  dataset ID
    * @param    string  cache group
    * @param    integer maximum age for the cached data in seconds - 0 for endless
    *                   If the cached data is older but the given lifetime it will
    *                   be removed from the cache. You don't have to provide this
    *                   argument if you call isExpired(). Every dataset knows
    *                   it's expire date and will be removed automatically. Use
    *                   this only if you know what you're doing...
    * @return   boolean
    * @access   public
    */
    function isExpired($id, $group = 'default', $max_age = 0) {
        if (!$this->caching)
            return true;

        return $this->container->isExpired($id, $group, $max_age);
    } // end func isExpired

    /**
    * Generates a "unique" ID for the given value
    *
    * This is a quick but dirty hack to get a "unique" ID for a any kind of variable.
    * ID clashes might occur from time to time although they are extreme unlikely!
    *
    * @param    mixed   variable to generate a ID for
    * @return   string  "unique" ID
    * @access   public
    */
    function generateID($variable) {
        // WARNING: ID clashes are possible although unlikely
        return md5(serialize($variable));
    }

    /**
    * Calls the garbage collector of the storage object with a certain probability
    *
    * @param    boolean Force a garbage collection run?
    * @see  $gc_probability, $gc_time
    */
    function garbageCollection($force = false) {
        static $last_run = 0;

        if (!$this->caching)
            return;

        srand((double) microtime() * 1000000);

        // time and probability based
        if (($force) || ($last_run && $last_run < time() + $this->gc_time) || (rand(1, 100) < $this->gc_probability)) {
            $this->container->garbageCollection($this->gc_maxlifetime);
            $last_run = time();
        }
    } // end func garbageCollection

} // end class cache
?>
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