Location: PHPKode > projects > ClassroomBookings > system/database/DB_active_rec.php
<?php  if (!defined('BASEPATH')) exit('No direct script access allowed');
/**
 * Code Igniter
 *
 * An open source application development framework for PHP 4.3.2 or newer
 *
 * @package		CodeIgniter
 * @author		Rick Ellis
 * @copyright	Copyright (c) 2006, pMachine, Inc.
 * @license		http://www.codeignitor.com/user_guide/license.html
 * @link		http://www.codeigniter.com
 * @since		Version 1.0
 * @filesource
 */

// ------------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
 * Active Record Class
 *
 * This is the platform-independent base Active Record implementation class.
 *
 * @package		CodeIgniter
 * @subpackage	Drivers
 * @category	Database
 * @author		Rick Ellis
 * @link		http://www.codeigniter.com/user_guide/database/
 */
class CI_DB_active_record extends CI_DB_driver {

	var $ar_select		= array();
	var $ar_distinct	= FALSE;
	var $ar_from		= array();
	var $ar_join		= array();
	var $ar_where		= array();
	var $ar_like		= array();
	var $ar_groupby		= array();
	var $ar_having		= array();
	var $ar_limit		= FALSE;
	var $ar_offset		= FALSE;
	var $ar_order		= FALSE;
	var $ar_orderby		= array();
	var $ar_set			= array();	


	/**
	 * Select
	 *
	 * Generates the SELECT portion of the query
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function select($select = '*')
	{
		if (is_string($select))
		{
			$select = explode(',', $select);
		}
	
		foreach ($select as $val)
		{
			$val = trim($val);
		
			if ($val != '')
				$this->ar_select[] = $val;
		}
		return $this;
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * DISTINCT
	 *
	 * Sets a flag which tells the query string compiler to add DISTINCT
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	bool
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function distinct($val = TRUE)
	{
		$this->ar_distinct = (is_bool($val)) ? $val : TRUE;
		return $this;
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * From
	 *
	 * Generates the FROM portion of the query
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	mixed	can be a string or array
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function from($from)
	{
		foreach ((array)$from as $val)
		{
			$this->ar_from[] = $this->dbprefix.$val;
		}
		return $this;
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Join
	 *
	 * Generates the JOIN portion of the query
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string
	 * @param	string	the join condition
	 * @param	string	the type of join
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function join($table, $cond, $type = '')
	{		
		if ($type != '')
		{
			$type = strtoupper(trim($type));

			if ( ! in_array($type, array('LEFT', 'RIGHT', 'OUTER', 'INNER', 'LEFT OUTER', 'RIGHT OUTER'), TRUE))
			{
				$type = '';
			}
			else
			{
				$type .= ' ';
			}
		}
	
		$this->ar_join[] = $type.'JOIN '.$this->dbprefix.$table.' ON '.$cond;
		return $this;
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Where
	 *
	 * Generates the WHERE portion of the query. Separates
	 * multiple calls with AND
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	mixed
	 * @param	mixed
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function where($key, $value = NULL)
	{
		return $this->_where($key, $value, 'AND ');
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * OR Where
	 *
	 * Generates the WHERE portion of the query. Separates
	 * multiple calls with OR
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	mixed
	 * @param	mixed
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function orwhere($key, $value = NULL)
	{
		return $this->_where($key, $value, 'OR ');
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Where
	 *
	 * Called by where() or orwhere()
	 *
	 * @access	private
	 * @param	mixed
	 * @param	mixed
	 * @param	string
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function _where($key, $value = NULL, $type = 'AND ')
	{
		if ( ! is_array($key))
		{
			$key = array($key => $value);
		}
 	 	
		foreach ($key as $k => $v)
		{
			$prefix = (count($this->ar_where) == 0) ? '' : $type;
			
			if ( ! is_null($v))
			{
				if ( ! $this->_has_operator($k))
				{
					$k .= ' =';
				}
			
				$v = ' '.$this->escape($v);
			}
						
			$this->ar_where[] = $prefix.$k.$v;
		}
		return $this;
	}
	
	
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Like
	 *
	 * Generates a %LIKE% portion of the query. Separates
	 * multiple calls with AND
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	mixed
	 * @param	mixed
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function like($field, $match = '')
	{
		return $this->_like($field, $match, 'AND ');
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * OR Like
	 *
	 * Generates a %LIKE% portion of the query. Separates
	 * multiple calls with OR
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	mixed
	 * @param	mixed
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function orlike($field, $match = '')
	{
		return $this->_like($field, $match, 'OR ');
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Like
	 *
	 * Called by like() or orlike()
	 *
	 * @access	private
	 * @param	mixed
	 * @param	mixed
	 * @param	string
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function _like($field, $match = '', $type = 'AND ')
	{
		if ( ! is_array($field))
		{
			$field = array($field => $match);
		}
 	
		foreach ($field as $k => $v)
		{
			$prefix = (count($this->ar_like) == 0) ? '' : $type;
			
			$v = $this->escape_str($v);
									
			$this->ar_like[] = $prefix." $k LIKE '%{$v}%'";
		}
		return $this;
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * GROUP BY
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function groupby($by)
	{
		if (is_string($by))
		{
			$by = explode(',', $by);
		}
	
		foreach ($by as $val)
		{
			$val = trim($val);
		
			if ($val != '')
				$this->ar_groupby[] = $val;
		}
		return $this;
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Sets the HAVING value
	 *
	 * Separates multiple calls with AND
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string
	 * @param	string
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function having($key, $value = '')
	{
		return $this->_having($key, $value, 'AND ');
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Sets the OR HAVING value
	 *
	 * Separates multiple calls with OR
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string
	 * @param	string
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function orhaving($key, $value = '')
	{
		return $this->_having($key, $value, 'OR ');
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Sets the HAVING values
	 *
	 * Called by having() or orhaving()
	 *
	 * @access	private
	 * @param	string
	 * @param	string
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function _having($key, $value = '', $type = 'AND ')
	{
		if ( ! is_array($key))
		{
			$key = array($key => $value);
		}
	
		foreach ($key as $k => $v)
		{
			$prefix = (count($this->ar_having) == 0) ? '' : $type;
			
			if ($v != '')
			{
				$v = ' '.$this->escape($v);
			}
			
			$this->ar_having[] = $prefix.$k.$v;
		}
		return $this;
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Sets the ORDER BY value
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string
	 * @param	string	direction: asc or desc
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function orderby($orderby, $direction = '')
	{
		if (trim($direction) != '')
		{
			$direction = (in_array(strtoupper(trim($direction)), array('ASC', 'DESC', 'RAND()'), TRUE)) ? ' '.$direction : ' ASC';
		}
		
		$this->ar_orderby[] = $orderby.$direction;
		return $this;
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Sets the LIMIT value
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	integer	the limit value
	 * @param	integer	the offset value
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function limit($value, $offset = '')
	{
		$this->ar_limit = $value;
		
		if ($offset != '')
			$this->ar_offset = $offset;
		
		return $this;
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Sets the OFFSET value
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	integer	the offset value
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function offset($value)
	{
		$this->ar_offset = $value;
		return $this;
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * The "set" function.  Allows key/value pairs to be set for inserting or updating
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	mixed
	 * @param	string
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function set($key, $value = '')
	{
		$key = $this->_object_to_array($key);
	
		if ( ! is_array($key))
		{
			$key = array($key => $value);
		}	

		foreach ($key as $k => $v)
		{
			$this->ar_set[$k] = $this->escape($v);
		}
		
		return $this;
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Get
	 *
	 * Compiles the select statement based on the other functions called
	 * and runs the query
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string	the limit clause
	 * @param	string	the offset clause
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function get($table = '', $limit = null, $offset = null)
	{
		if ($table != '')
		{
			$this->from($table);
		}
		
		if ( ! is_null($limit))
		{
			$this->limit($limit, $offset);
		}
			
		$sql = $this->_compile_select();

		$result = $this->query($sql);
		$this->_reset_select();
		return $result;
	}

	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * GetWhere
	 *
	 * Allows the where clause, limit and offset to be added directly
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string	the where clause
	 * @param	string	the limit clause
	 * @param	string	the offset clause
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function getwhere($table = '', $where = null, $limit = null, $offset = null)
	{
		if ($table != '')
		{
			$this->from($table);
		}

		if ( ! is_null($where))
		{
			$this->where($where);
		}
		
		if ( ! is_null($limit))
		{
			$this->limit($limit, $offset);
		}
			
		$sql = $this->_compile_select();

		$result = $this->query($sql);
		$this->_reset_select();
		return $result;
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Insert
	 *
	 * Compiles an insert string and runs the query
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string	the table to retrieve the results from
	 * @param	array	an associative array of insert values
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function insert($table = '', $set = NULL)
	{
		if ( ! is_null($set))
		{
			$this->set($set);
		}
	
		if (count($this->ar_set) == 0)
		{
			if ($this->db_debug)
			{
				return $this->display_error('db_must_use_set');
			}
			return FALSE;
		}

		if ($table == '')
		{
			if ( ! isset($this->ar_from[0]))
			{
				if ($this->db_debug)
				{
					return $this->display_error('db_must_set_table');
				}
				return FALSE;
			}
			
			$table = $this->ar_from[0];
		}
					
		$sql = $this->_insert($this->dbprefix.$table, array_keys($this->ar_set), array_values($this->ar_set));
		
		$this->_reset_write();
		return $this->query($sql);		
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Update
	 *
	 * Compiles an update string and runs the query
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string	the table to retrieve the results from
	 * @param	array	an associative array of update values
	 * @param	mixed	the where clause
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function update($table = '', $set = NULL, $where = null)
	{
		if ( ! is_null($set))
		{
			$this->set($set);
		}
	
		if (count($this->ar_set) == 0)
		{
			if ($this->db_debug)
			{
				return $this->display_error('db_must_use_set');
			}
			return FALSE;
		}

		if ($table == '')
		{
			if ( ! isset($this->ar_from[0]))
			{
				if ($this->db_debug)
				{
					return $this->display_error('db_must_set_table');
				}
				return FALSE;
			}
			
			$table = $this->ar_from[0];
		}
		
		if ($where != null)
		{
			$this->where($where);
		}
		
		$sql = $this->_update($this->dbprefix.$table, $this->ar_set, $this->ar_where);
		
		$this->_reset_write();
		return $this->query($sql);
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Delete
	 *
	 * Compiles a delete string and runs the query
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	string	the table to retrieve the results from
	 * @param	mixed	the where clause
	 * @return	object
	 */
	function delete($table = '', $where = '')
	{
		if ($table == '')
		{
			if ( ! isset($this->ar_from[0]))
			{
				if ($this->db_debug)
				{
					return $this->display_error('db_must_set_table');
				}
				return FALSE;
			}
			
			$table = $this->ar_from[0];
		}

		if ($where != '')
		{
			$this->where($where);
		}

		if (count($this->ar_where) == 0)
		{
			if ($this->db_debug)
			{
				return $this->display_error('db_del_must_use_where');
			}
			return FALSE;
		}		
		
		$sql = $this->_delete($this->dbprefix.$table, $this->ar_where);

		$this->_reset_write();
		return $this->query($sql);
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Use Table - DEPRECATED
	 *
	 * @deprecated	use $this->db->from instead
	 */
	function use_table($table)
	{
		return $this->from($table);
		return $this;
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * ORDER BY - DEPRECATED
	 *
	 * @deprecated	use $this->db->orderby() instead
	 */
	function order_by($orderby, $direction = '')
	{
		return $this->orderby($orderby, $direction);
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Tests whether the string has an SQL operator
	 *
	 * @access	private
	 * @param	string
	 * @return	bool
	 */
	function _has_operator($str)
	{
		$str = trim($str);
		if ( ! preg_match("/(\s|<|>|!|=|is null|is not null)/i", $str))
		{
			return FALSE;
		}

		return TRUE;
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Compile the SELECT statement
	 *
	 * Generates a query string based on which functions were used.
	 * Should not be called directly.  The get() function calls it.
	 *
	 * @access	private
	 * @return	string
	 */
	function _compile_select()
	{
		$sql = ( ! $this->ar_distinct) ? 'SELECT ' : 'SELECT DISTINCT ';
	
		$sql .= (count($this->ar_select) == 0) ? '*' : implode(', ', $this->ar_select);

		if (count($this->ar_from) > 0)
		{
			$sql .= "\nFROM ";
			$sql .= implode(', ', $this->ar_from);
		}

		if (count($this->ar_join) > 0)
		{		
			$sql .= "\n";
			$sql .= implode("\n", $this->ar_join);
		}

		if (count($this->ar_where) > 0 OR count($this->ar_like) > 0)
		{
			$sql .= "\nWHERE ";
		}

		$sql .= implode("\n", $this->ar_where);
		
		if (count($this->ar_like) > 0)
		{
			if (count($this->ar_where) > 0)
			{
				$sql .= " AND ";
			}

			$sql .= implode("\n", $this->ar_like);
		}
		
		if (count($this->ar_groupby) > 0)
		{
			$sql .= "\nGROUP BY ";
			$sql .= implode(', ', $this->ar_groupby);
		}
		
		if (count($this->ar_having) > 0)
		{
			$sql .= "\nHAVING ";
			$sql .= implode("\n", $this->ar_having);
		}

		if (count($this->ar_orderby) > 0)
		{
			$sql .= "\nORDER BY ";
			$sql .= implode(', ', $this->ar_orderby);
			
			if ($this->ar_order !== FALSE)
			{
				$sql .= ($this->ar_order == 'desc') ? ' DESC' : ' ASC';
			}		
		}
		
		if (is_numeric($this->ar_limit))
		{
			$sql .= "\n";
			$sql = $this->_limit($sql, $this->ar_limit, $this->ar_offset);
		}

		return $sql;
	}

	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Object to Array
	 *
	 * Takes an object as input and converts the class variables to array key/vals
	 *
	 * @access	public
	 * @param	object
	 * @return	array
	 */
	function _object_to_array($object)
	{
		if ( ! is_object($object))
		{
			return $object;
		}
		
		$array = array();
		foreach (get_object_vars($object) as $key => $val)
		{
			if ( ! is_object($val) AND ! is_array($val))
			{
				$array[$key] = $val;
			}
		}
	
		return $array;
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Resets the active record values.  Called by the get() function
	 *
	 * @access	private
	 * @return	void
	 */
	function _reset_select()
	{
		$this->ar_select	= array();
		$this->ar_distinct	= FALSE;
		$this->ar_from		= array();
		$this->ar_join		= array();
		$this->ar_where		= array();
		$this->ar_like		= array();
		$this->ar_groupby	= array();
		$this->ar_having	= array();
		$this->ar_limit		= FALSE;
		$this->ar_offset	= FALSE;
		$this->ar_order		= FALSE;
		$this->ar_orderby	= array();
	}
	
	// --------------------------------------------------------------------

	/**
	 * Resets the active record "write" values.
	 *
	 * Called by the insert() or update() functions
	 *
	 * @access	private
	 * @return	void
	 */
	function _reset_write()
	{
		$this->ar_set		= array();
		$this->ar_from		= array();
		$this->ar_where		= array();
	}
	
}

?>
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