Location: PHPKode > projects > blindRSS > blindrss-0.6/blindrss-0.6/rss_parse.inc
<?php

/**
* Project:     MagpieRSS: a simple RSS integration tool
* File:        rss_parse.inc  - parse an RSS or Atom feed
*               return as a simple object.
*
* Handles RSS 0.9x, RSS 2.0, RSS 1.0, and Atom 0.3
*
* The lastest version of MagpieRSS can be obtained from:
* http://magpierss.sourceforge.net
*
* For questions, help, comments, discussion, etc., please join the
* Magpie mailing list:
* magpierss-hide@address.com
*
* @author           Kellan Elliott-McCrea <hide@address.com>
* @version          0.7a
* @license          GPL
*
*/

define('RSS', 'RSS');
define('ATOM', 'Atom');

require_once (MAGPIE_DIR . 'rss_utils.inc');

/**
* Hybrid parser, and object, takes RSS as a string and returns a simple object.
*
* see: rss_fetch.inc for a simpler interface with integrated caching support
*
*/
class MagpieRSS {
    var $parser;
    
    var $current_item   = array();  // item currently being parsed
    var $items          = array();  // collection of parsed items
    var $channel        = array();  // hash of channel fields
    var $textinput      = array();
    var $image          = array();
    var $feed_type;
    var $feed_version;
    var $encoding       = '';       // output encoding of parsed rss
    
    var $_source_encoding = '';     // only set if we have to parse xml prolog
    
    var $ERROR = "";
    var $WARNING = "";
    
    // define some constants
    
    var $_CONTENT_CONSTRUCTS = array('content', 'summary', 'info', 'title', 'tagline', 'copyright');
    var $_KNOWN_ENCODINGS    = array('UTF-8', 'US-ASCII', 'ISO-8859-1');

    // parser variables, useless if you're not a parser, treat as private
    var $stack              = array(); // parser stack
    var $inchannel          = false;
    var $initem             = false;
    var $incontent          = false; // if in Atom <content mode="xml"> field 
    var $intextinput        = false;
    var $inimage            = false;
    var $current_namespace  = false;
    

    /**
     *  Set up XML parser, parse source, and return populated RSS object..
     *   
     *  @param string $source           string containing the RSS to be parsed
     *
     *  NOTE:  Probably a good idea to leave the encoding options alone unless
     *         you know what you're doing as PHP's character set support is
     *         a little weird.
     *
     *  NOTE:  A lot of this is unnecessary but harmless with PHP5 
     *
     *
     *  @param string $output_encoding  output the parsed RSS in this character 
     *                                  set defaults to ISO-8859-1 as this is PHP's
     *                                  default.
     *
     *                                  NOTE: might be changed to UTF-8 in future
     *                                  versions.
     *                               
     *  @param string $input_encoding   the character set of the incoming RSS source. 
     *                                  Leave blank and Magpie will try to figure it
     *                                  out.
     *                                  
     *                                   
     *  @param bool   $detect_encoding  if false Magpie won't attempt to detect
     *                                  source encoding. (caveat emptor)
     *
     */
    function MagpieRSS ($source, $output_encoding='ISO-8859-1', 
                        $input_encoding=null, $detect_encoding=true) 
    {   
        # if PHP xml isn't compiled in, die
        #
        if (!function_exists('xml_parser_create')) {
            $this->error( "Failed to load PHP's XML Extension. " . 
                          "http://www.php.net/manual/en/ref.xml.php",
                           E_USER_ERROR );
        }
        
        list($parser, $source) = $this->create_parser($source, 
                $output_encoding, $input_encoding, $detect_encoding);
        
        
        if (!is_resource($parser)) {
            $this->error( "Failed to create an instance of PHP's XML parser. " .
                          "http://www.php.net/manual/en/ref.xml.php",
                          E_USER_ERROR );
        }

        
        $this->parser = $parser;
        
        # pass in parser, and a reference to this object
        # setup handlers
        #
        xml_set_object( $this->parser, $this );
        xml_set_element_handler($this->parser, 
                'feed_start_element', 'feed_end_element' );
                        
        xml_set_character_data_handler( $this->parser, 'feed_cdata' ); 
    
        $status = xml_parse( $this->parser, $source );
        
        if (! $status ) {
            $errorcode = xml_get_error_code( $this->parser );
            if ( $errorcode != XML_ERROR_NONE ) {
                $xml_error = xml_error_string( $errorcode );
                $error_line = xml_get_current_line_number($this->parser);
                $error_col = xml_get_current_column_number($this->parser);
                $errormsg = "$xml_error at line $error_line, column $error_col";

                $this->error( $errormsg );
            }
        }
        
        xml_parser_free( $this->parser );

        $this->normalize();
    }
    
    function feed_start_element($p, $element, &$attrs) {
        $el = $element = strtolower($element);
        $attrs = array_change_key_case($attrs, CASE_LOWER);
        
        // check for a namespace, and split if found
        $ns = false;
        if ( strpos( $element, ':' ) ) {
            list($ns, $el) = split( ':', $element, 2); 
        }
        if ( $ns and $ns != 'rdf' ) {
            $this->current_namespace = $ns;
        }
            
        # if feed type isn't set, then this is first element of feed
        # identify feed from root element
        #
        if (!isset($this->feed_type) ) {
            if ( $el == 'rdf' ) {
                $this->feed_type = RSS;
                $this->feed_version = '1.0';
            }
            elseif ( $el == 'rss' ) {
                $this->feed_type = RSS;
                $this->feed_version = $attrs['version'];
            }
            elseif ( $el == 'feed' ) {
                $this->feed_type = ATOM;
                $this->feed_version = $attrs['version'];
                $this->inchannel = true;
            }
            return;
        }
    
        if ( $el == 'channel' ) 
        {
            $this->inchannel = true;
        }
        elseif ($el == 'item' or $el == 'entry' ) 
        {
            $this->initem = true;
            if ( isset($attrs['rdf:about']) ) {
                $this->current_item['about'] = $attrs['rdf:about']; 
            }
        }
        
        // if we're in the default namespace of an RSS feed,
        //  record textinput or image fields
        elseif ( 
            $this->feed_type == RSS and 
            $this->current_namespace == '' and 
            $el == 'textinput' ) 
        {
            $this->intextinput = true;
        }
        
        elseif (
            $this->feed_type == RSS and 
            $this->current_namespace == '' and 
            $el == 'image' ) 
        {
            $this->inimage = true;
        }
        
        # handle atom content constructs
        elseif ( $this->feed_type == ATOM and in_array($el, $this->_CONTENT_CONSTRUCTS) )
        {
            // avoid clashing w/ RSS mod_content
            if ($el == 'content' ) {
                $el = 'atom_content';
            }
            
            $this->incontent = $el;
            
            
        }
        
        // if inside an Atom content construct (e.g. content or summary) field treat tags as text
        elseif ($this->feed_type == ATOM and $this->incontent ) 
        {
            // if tags are inlined, then flatten
            $attrs_str = join(' ', 
                    array_map('map_attrs', 
                    array_keys($attrs), 
                    array_values($attrs) ) );
            
            $this->append_content( "<$element $attrs_str>"  );
                    
            array_unshift( $this->stack, $el );
        }
        
        // Atom support many links per containging element.
        // Magpie treats link elements of type rel='alternate'
        // as being equivalent to RSS's simple link element.
        //
        elseif ($this->feed_type == ATOM and $el == 'link' ) 
        {
            if ( isset($attrs['rel']) and $attrs['rel'] == 'alternate' ) 
            {
                $link_el = 'link';
            }
            else {
                $link_el = 'link_' . $attrs['rel'];
            }
            
            $this->append($link_el, $attrs['href']);
        }
        // set stack[0] to current element
        else {
            array_unshift($this->stack, $el);
        }
    }
    

    
    function feed_cdata ($p, $text) {
        if ($this->feed_type == ATOM and $this->incontent) 
        {
            $this->append_content( $text );
        }
        else {
            $current_el = join('_', array_reverse($this->stack));
            $this->append($current_el, $text);
        }
    }
    
    function feed_end_element ($p, $el) {
        $el = strtolower($el);
        
        if ( $el == 'item' or $el == 'entry' ) 
        {
            $this->items[] = $this->current_item;
            $this->current_item = array();
            $this->initem = false;
        }
        elseif ($this->feed_type == RSS and $this->current_namespace == '' and $el == 'textinput' ) 
        {
            $this->intextinput = false;
        }
        elseif ($this->feed_type == RSS and $this->current_namespace == '' and $el == 'image' ) 
        {
            $this->inimage = false;
        }
        elseif ($this->feed_type == ATOM and in_array($el, $this->_CONTENT_CONSTRUCTS) )
        {   
            $this->incontent = false;
        }
        elseif ($el == 'channel' or $el == 'feed' ) 
        {
            $this->inchannel = false;
        }
        elseif ($this->feed_type == ATOM and $this->incontent  ) {
            // balance tags properly
            // note:  i don't think this is actually neccessary
            if ( $this->stack[0] == $el ) 
            {
                $this->append_content("</$el>");
            }
            else {
                $this->append_content("<$el />");
            }

            array_shift( $this->stack );
        }
        else {
            array_shift( $this->stack );
        }
        
        $this->current_namespace = false;
    }
    
    function concat (&$str1, $str2="") {
        if (!isset($str1) ) {
            $str1="";
        }
        $str1 .= $str2;
    }
    
    
    
    function append_content($text) {
        if ( $this->initem ) {
            $this->concat( $this->current_item[ $this->incontent ], $text );
        }
        elseif ( $this->inchannel ) {
            $this->concat( $this->channel[ $this->incontent ], $text );
        }
    }
    
    // smart append - field and namespace aware
    function append($el, $text) {
        if (!$el) {
            return;
        }
        if ( $this->current_namespace ) 
        {
            if ( $this->initem ) {
                $this->concat(
                    $this->current_item[ $this->current_namespace ][ $el ], $text);
            }
            elseif ($this->inchannel) {
                $this->concat(
                    $this->channel[ $this->current_namespace][ $el ], $text );
            }
            elseif ($this->intextinput) {
                $this->concat(
                    $this->textinput[ $this->current_namespace][ $el ], $text );
            }
            elseif ($this->inimage) {
                $this->concat(
                    $this->image[ $this->current_namespace ][ $el ], $text );
            }
        }
        else {
            if ( $this->initem ) {
                $this->concat(
                    $this->current_item[ $el ], $text);
            }
            elseif ($this->intextinput) {
                $this->concat(
                    $this->textinput[ $el ], $text );
            }
            elseif ($this->inimage) {
                $this->concat(
                    $this->image[ $el ], $text );
            }
            elseif ($this->inchannel) {
                $this->concat(
                    $this->channel[ $el ], $text );
            }
            
        }
    }
    
    function normalize () {
        // if atom populate rss fields
        if ( $this->is_atom() ) {
            $this->channel['description'] = $this->channel['tagline'];
            for ( $i = 0; $i < count($this->items); $i++) {
                $item = $this->items[$i];
                if ( isset($item['summary']) )
                    $item['description'] = $item['summary'];
                if ( isset($item['atom_content']))
                    $item['content']['encoded'] = $item['atom_content'];
                
                $atom_date = (isset($item['issued']) ) ? $item['issued'] : $item['modified'];
                if ( $atom_date ) {
                    $epoch = @parse_w3cdtf($atom_date);
                    if ($epoch and $epoch > 0) {
                        $item['date_timestamp'] = $epoch;
                    }
                }
                
                $this->items[$i] = $item;
            }       
        }
        elseif ( $this->is_rss() ) {
            $this->channel['tagline'] = $this->channel['description'];
            for ( $i = 0; $i < count($this->items); $i++) {
                $item = $this->items[$i];
                if ( isset($item['description']))
                    $item['summary'] = $item['description'];
                if ( isset($item['content']['encoded'] ) )
                    $item['atom_content'] = $item['content']['encoded'];
                
                if ( $this->is_rss() == '1.0' and isset($item['dc']['date']) ) {
                    $epoch = @parse_w3cdtf($item['dc']['date']);
                    if ($epoch and $epoch > 0) {
                        $item['date_timestamp'] = $epoch;
                    }
                }
                elseif ( isset($item['pubdate']) ) {
                    $epoch = @strtotime($item['pubdate']);
                    if ($epoch > 0) {
                        $item['date_timestamp'] = $epoch;
                    }
                }
                
                $this->items[$i] = $item;
            }
        }
    }
    
    
    function is_rss () {
        if ( $this->feed_type == RSS ) {
            return $this->feed_version; 
        }
        else {
            return false;
        }
    }
    
    function is_atom() {
        if ( $this->feed_type == ATOM ) {
            return $this->feed_version;
        }
        else {
            return false;
        }
    }

    /**
    * return XML parser, and possibly re-encoded source
    *
    */
    function create_parser($source, $out_enc, $in_enc, $detect) {
        if ( substr(phpversion(),0,1) == 5) {
            $parser = $this->php5_create_parser($in_enc, $detect);
        }
        else {
            list($parser, $source) = $this->php4_create_parser($source, $in_enc, $detect);
        }
        if ($out_enc) {
            $this->encoding = $out_enc;
            xml_parser_set_option($parser, XML_OPTION_TARGET_ENCODING, $out_enc);
        }
        
        return array($parser, $source);
    }
    
    /**
    * Instantiate an XML parser under PHP5
    *
    * PHP5 will do a fine job of detecting input encoding
    * if passed an empty string as the encoding. 
    *
    * All hail libxml2!
    *
    */
    function php5_create_parser($in_enc, $detect) {
        // by default php5 does a fine job of detecting input encodings
        if(!$detect && $in_enc) {
            return xml_parser_create($in_enc);
        }
        else {
            return xml_parser_create('');
        }
    }
    
    /**
    * Instaniate an XML parser under PHP4
    *
    * Unfortunately PHP4's support for character encodings
    * and especially XML and character encodings sucks.  As
    * long as the documents you parse only contain characters
    * from the ISO-8859-1 character set (a superset of ASCII,
    * and a subset of UTF-8) you're fine.  However once you
    * step out of that comfy little world things get mad, bad,
    * and dangerous to know.
    *
    * The following code is based on SJM's work with FoF
    * @see http://minutillo.com/steve/weblog/2004/6/17/php-xml-and-character-encodings-a-tale-of-sadness-rage-and-data-loss
    *
    */
    function php4_create_parser($source, $in_enc, $detect) {
        if ( !$detect ) {
            return array(xml_parser_create($in_enc), $source);
        }
        
        if (!$in_enc) {
            if (preg_match('/<?xml.*encoding=[\'"](.*?)[\'"].*?>/m', $source, $m)) {
                $in_enc = strtoupper($m[1]);
                $this->source_encoding = $in_enc;
            }
            else {
                $in_enc = 'UTF-8';
            }
        }
        
        if ($this->known_encoding($in_enc)) {
            return array(xml_parser_create($in_enc), $source);
        }
        
        // the dectected encoding is not one of the simple encodings PHP knows
        
        // attempt to use the iconv extension to
        // cast the XML to a known encoding
        // @see http://php.net/iconv
       
        if (function_exists('iconv'))  {
            $encoded_source = iconv($in_enc,'UTF-8', $source);
            if ($encoded_source) {
                return array(xml_parser_create('UTF-8'), $encoded_source);
            }
        }
        
        // iconv didn't work, try mb_convert_encoding
        // @see http://php.net/mbstring
        if(function_exists('mb_convert_encoding')) {
            $encoded_source = mb_convert_encoding($source, 'UTF-8', $in_enc );
            if ($encoded_source) {
                return array(xml_parser_create('UTF-8'), $encoded_source);
            }
        }
        
        // else 
        $this->error("Feed is in an unsupported character encoding. ($in_enc) " .
                     "You may see strange artifacts, and mangled characters.",
                     E_USER_NOTICE);
            
        return array(xml_parser_create(), $source);
    }
    
    function known_encoding($enc) {
        $enc = strtoupper($enc);
        if ( in_array($enc, $this->_KNOWN_ENCODINGS) ) {
            return $enc;
        }
        else {
            return false;
        }
    }

    function error ($errormsg, $lvl=E_USER_WARNING) {
        // append PHP's error message if track_errors enabled
        if ( isset($php_errormsg) ) { 
            $errormsg .= " ($php_errormsg)";
        }
        if ( MAGPIE_DEBUG ) {
            trigger_error( $errormsg, $lvl);        
        }
        else {
            error_log( $errormsg, 0);
        }
        
        $notices = E_USER_NOTICE|E_NOTICE;
        if ( $lvl&$notices ) {
            $this->WARNING = $errormsg;
        } else {
            $this->ERROR = $errormsg;
        }
    }
    
    
} // end class RSS

function map_attrs($k, $v) {
    return "$k=\"$v\"";
}

// patch to support medieval versions of PHP4.1.x, 
// courtesy, Ryan Currie, hide@address.com

if (!function_exists('array_change_key_case')) {
	define("CASE_UPPER",1);
	define("CASE_LOWER",0);


	function array_change_key_case($array,$case=CASE_LOWER) {
       if ($case=CASE_LOWER) $cmd=strtolower;
       elseif ($case=CASE_UPPER) $cmd=strtoupper;
       foreach($array as $key=>$value) {
               $output[$cmd($key)]=$value;
       }
       return $output;
	}

}

?>
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